Nepal – Landslides and Floods Displacement – Baseline Assessment Report (September 2020)
Heavy rainfall in July 2020 triggered large-scale flooding and landslides in several districts across Nepal. From the onset of monsoon on 12 June until 1 September 2020, the number of deaths due to landslides, floods and lightning is 282. 266 persons were injured and 70 persons are missing across the country (NDRRMA, Daily Bulletin 2 September).
Out of 65 sites identified during the baseline assessment, only 29 active sites were found hosting 5 households or more and the remaining 32 sites were found closed or below 5 households or less with an exception of 1 site hosting 2 households with vulnerable population. The remaining 4 sites in Raghugangaa Rural Municipality and Melamchi Municipality were not considered for the site assessment as highlighted in the methodology section.
For all five assessed districts, Gulmi, Jajarkot, Myadgi, Sankhuwasabha and Sindhupalchowk, the displaced population were from the same districts. No intermunicipality movement was observed among the displaced population.
The five assessed districts faced floods and landslides on different dates (Gulmi - 2 July, Jajarkot - 10 July, Myagdi - 10 July, Sindhupalchowk - 9-18 July and Sankhuwasabha - 12 July). The floods and landslides resulted in the displacement of numerous households, however, limited intermunicipality movement has been observed as both the Local Government Operations Act 2017 and Disaster Risk Reduction and Management Act 2017 have identified comprehensive roles and responsibilities of the rural and urban municipalities pertaining to Disaster Risk Reduction and Management. Tasks such as the implementation of the preparedness programs, response and recovery, reconstruction fall into the roles and responsibilities of the local levels.