Indonesia: Situation Update on COVID-19 (23 June 2020)
As of 23 June, the Government of Indonesia has announced 47,896 confirmed cases of COVID-19 across all provinces of the country, with 2,535 deaths. The Government has also announced that 19,241 people have recovered from the illness, and over 666,000 specimens have been tested by using the Real Time Polymerase Chain Reaction Assay and the Molecular Rapid Test for Tuberculosis methods.
This Update provides a summary of key achievements of each of the National Clusters in the response to COVID-19 within the last three months.
Indonesia is one of the 30 Member States that support the COVID-19 Technology Access Pool, an initiative launched on 29 May for the global community to voluntarily collect knowledge, intellectual property, and data in response to COVID19, and to ensure accessibility to vaccines, tests, treatments and other health technologies to all.
During May 2020, WHO supported the Government of Indonesia in the procurement and distribution of medical supplies for a total value of about $1.4 million. In June and July, cold chain and medical supplies were provided to 22 hospitals. UNDP, WHO, and IOM provide 33 ventilators through the National Agency for Disaster Management (BNPB).
An important part of the work of health cluster members is the advocacy for the sustainability of essential reproductive health services, including for the availability of safe blood products, services for high-risk pregnant women and childbirth, the availability of contraceptives, and the availability of antiretroviral treatments for those who need it. UNFPA distributed individual kits for pregnant women, birth mothers and newborns through 100 private clinic midwives.
In the area of nutrition, partners from the National Health Cluster support the development and dissemination of IEC (Information, Education and Communication) materials to the general public as well as specific targeted population groups such as adolescents, pregnant women, nursing mothers, infants and toddlers throughout all provinces of Indonesia. They also work to distribute nutrient-friendly food, oversee the distribution of formula milk, issued a joint statement on Infant and Child Feeding support in the first thousand days of life and provided online counseling.
In coordination with health partners, the National Logistics Cluster coordinates the provision of customs clearance services at entry points as well as the transportation, storage, handling, and distribution services throughout Indonesia as needed, including by logistics partners including the Indonesian Logistics and Freight-forwarding Association, PT Pos and Indonesian Red Cross. The National Logistics Cluster documentation on COVID-19 pandemic response can be accessed here.
Displacement and Protection
Automatic conversation services through the WhatsApp application (SHIRIN) have been developed and maintained to facilitate access to information related to COVID-19. The National Cluster for Displacement and Protection is very active and has the following sub-clusters and working groups:
Shelter: Two sets of guidelines on the Provision of Community-Based Shelter for Quarantine and Isolation Facilities related to COVID-19 and Workers and Humanitarian Volunteers in the context of the COVID-19 pandemic were developed and disseminated.
Water, Sanitation and Hygiene: The Hand Washing with Soap (CTPS) Guidance for various situations was developed with the Ministry of Health while the Guidance on CTPS Facility in Schools was developed in collaboration with the Ministry of Education and Culture.
Camp Coordination and Camp Management: Interim Guidelines for Improving Preparedness and the Operation of the COVID-19 Outbreak Response in Humanitarian Situations have been translated into Indonesian and disseminated by IOM, who also conducted a localization training/workshop on camp coordination and camp management.
Child Protection: Three cross-sectoral guidelines for children requiring special protection (data sharing procedures; temporary care for children / families; assimilation, reintegration and suspension of detention) were launched by the Task Force for the Acceleration of the COVID-19 response in May 2020. UNICEF, UNHCR and IOM are working together to support the State Ministry for Women's Empowerment and Child Protection in the drafting of inter-border refugee protocols and for children separated from their parents.
Protection of the Elderly, People with Disabilities and other Vulnerable Groups: The sub-cluster has developed an 'Inclusive Training Package' that is available to civil society groups, and the Ministry of Social Affairs-managed volunteers and social workers. Continuing partner activities include the preparation of protection assistance packages, provision of accessible hand washing facilities, capacity building, preparation and dissemination of IEC materials, and advocacy for inclusive service needs in the regions.
Protection and Management of Gender Based Violence and Women's Empowerment: The provision of support for assistance services for victims of gender based violence continues, using service protocols during the COVID19 pandemic in Jakarta. Protocols and guidelines that have been prepared are on:
Receiving complaints through hotline services
Receipt of complaints via email
Face to face meeting services
Client pick-up services
Assistance in the legal process (police, prosecutors, and trials)
Victims assistance services
Safe house referral and health services.
Cash and Voucher Assistance: The Working Group has a focus on increasing the capacity of various organizations to exercise the cash and voucher assistance through knowledge sessions.
Community Engagement: This Group has created Community Engagement Guidance, developed a feedback mechanism that is accessible to the community, and conducted outreach through different organizations or forum in Central Sulawesi, East Nusa Tenggara, Yogyakarta and Bali. A training workshop to develop communication and outreach strategies for behavior change was conducted on 17 June. Good Practices of People Helping People are documented here.
The National Cluster on Education has completed a home study guidance for children with disabilities, the development of an offline material storage platform at the Ministry of Religious Affairs, the development of a Teacher Capacity Building Action Plan by the Ministry of Education and Culture, and the creation of Frequently Ask Questions about the use of the School Operational Assistance funds during the COVID-19 pandemic.
Food Security and Agriculture
The development of a roadmap for the 'Mitigation of the Impact of COVID-19 and Policy Measures in the Food Systems in Indonesia' is underway. Activities by partners from this sub-cluster include assistance to a family food garden, assistance to farmers, assistance in agricultural and fishery infrastructure facilities, food aid, and non-cash assistance, for a total of around 9 billion rupiah in funding.
The National Cluster on Early Recovery works to:
adjust the SP4N-LAPOR! programme operation;
develop a framework for synergizing the reporting system between the Regional Government and the Central Government;
develop a mechanism for big data analysis;
implement advocacy and inclusion training activities;
implement innovative financing analysis; and
implement the development of a Village Fund monitoring instrument.