Bangladesh: Cyclone Amphan Response Plan Calls for US$ 24.6 Million to Assist 700,000 People
On 20 May 2020, Cyclone Amphan made landfall near Jammu Island, West Bengal at 5.00 pm BST with 130-140 km/h wind speed. It is estimated that 26 people lost their lives and 7 people were injured due to falling of trees, boat capsizes, wall collapses and drowning. The cyclone affected 10 million vulnerable people in 19 districts.
The Humanitarian Coordination Task Team (HCTT) co-led by the Ministry of Disaster Managment and Relief (MoDMR) and the UN Resident Coordinator’s Office met on 20 May 2020 to be ready to complement Government-led response efforts. The Needs Assessment Working Group (NAWG) led by the Department of Disaster Management (DDM) and CARE coordinated a rapid joint assessment of the situation in collaboration with national authorities and partners with presence in the most impacted areas. COVID-19-sensitive community engagement materials for cyclone Amphan (including post-cyclone) were already made available here. Situation Analysis and Anticipatory Impacts Assessments were issued in the day’s prior cyclone landfall. It activated the Humanitarian Preparedness and Response Plan (HPRP) in line with the HCTT contingency plan for climate-related disasters in time of COVID-19 pandemic. On the 31 May, the HCCT Response Plan for Cyclone Amphan was finalized and published.
SO1: Ensure an effective, principled and equitable humanitarian response which does no harm and abides by the duty of care;
SO2: Support national authorities and CSOs in delivering assistance to most vulnerable communities capitalizing on comparative advantages (expertise, field presence);
SO3: Reduce vulnerabilities and restore the safety, dignity and resilience of the most vulnerable populations.
Humanitarian Needs Analysis
The response plan covers the following sectors: Child Protection, Gender-based Violence with Sexual and Reproductive Health, Food Security, Nutrition, Shelter and WASH. A section on Coordination complements the sectoral plans. The decision of the inter cluster coordination team was to focus the response in 7 of the 9 most affected districts: Khulna, Satkhira, Bagerhat, Patuakhali, Barguna, Bhola and Jashore.
The Joint Needs Assessment coordinated by the NAWG informs that:
The internal displaced population needs immediate food, water and emergency shelter support.
Urgent house repair, housing support to the extreme people with damaged house. Protection systems for women, girls and children must be urgently re-established/reinforced.
Emergency livelihood support is required for those who lost their income-generating activities.
Immediate desalinization of open water sources and emergency repair/replacement of latrines and tube-wells.
Children suffering from Severe Acute Malnutrition must receive urgent nutrition assistance.
The overall budgetary requirement for the 4-month response is US$ 24,634,700. The budgetary requirements consider other existing and upcoming plans in the country i.e. those related to COVID-19 such as the Health Response and the upcoming Socio-Economic Recovery to ensure that there is no duplication and that the immediate life-saving assistance is sustained in the medium/long-term.