Nepal: COVID-19 Preparedness and Response Plan Calls for US$108 Million
The COVID-19 pandemic is having far reaching impacts, well beyond the health crisis and needs, with the most severe impacts experienced in the poorest countries and those most vulnerable to humanitarian crises including natural disasters, such as Nepal. To date, the outbreak in Nepal has been relatively limited with 603 confirmed cases as of 24 May 2020. The Government of Nepal is leading the response to the outbreak in Nepal but, as in many countries, capacities are stretched, and international solidarity is required.
The Government of Nepal has developed the Health Sector Emergency Response Plan and different institutions within the Government are working together to ensure that preparedness and response plans are ready to mitigate the effects of the measures put in place to prevent the further spread of COVID-19. Government-led clusters have been activated, and international partners in-country are working closely with Government counterparts to provide support where required. While the health system is being strengthened to respond to the public health emergency, and given that the impacts of COVID-19 are wider than health, the clusters are working to mitigate the impact on broader service delivery and to ensure service continuity in key sectors is maintained throughout the outbreak and the recovery period. This includes support to education services, and the provision of water, sanitation and food assistance where needed.
As a result of the COVID-19 outbreak, there are likely to be wide reaching impacts of the health system and people’s ability to access healthcare due to increased pressures on existing services and facilities, and the inability to physically access care due to lockdown and movement restrictions. These preventative measures put in place to avoid the spread of COVID-19 are having socio-economic impacts and are likely to also have humanitarian impacts, which must be mitigated. Specific socioeconomic interventions are required in complement to the more traditional emergency response to ensure that recovery is rapid and reaches vulnerable communities effectively. International partners are working with the Government of Nepal to support the inclusion of the needs of those most vulnerable throughout the response.
The revised Nepal COVID-19 Preparedness and Response Plan (CPRP) reflects the MoHP Health Sector Emergency Response Plan, which has a planning assumption of a caseload of 10,000 people infected with COVID-19. The CPRP is a plan prepared by the Humanitarian Country Team and the clusters working in collaboration with and support to the Government. Given the multi-dimensional impact of COVID-19, the CPRP includes a significant health component, but also highlights needs related to coordination planning and monitoring, protection, risk communication and community engagement, food security, water sanitation and health (WASH), nutrition, education, shelter/ CCCM, early recovery, and logistics. The Humanitarian Country team will continue to work with the Government towards having a joint COVID-19 Nepal Preparedness and Response Plan.
The actions undertaken under the CPRP are an investment in Nepal’s preparedness capacity for COVID19 but will also increase the preparedness and response capacity for future emergencies.
Ministry of Health and Population Response Plan: US$ 57 Million
Funding required for Preparedness in the CPRP: US$ 17.9 Million
Funding required for Response in the CPRP: US$ 90.5 Million