Burundi

Situation Report

Highlights

  • IOM and Red Cross respond to devastation caused by torrential rains, affecting over 3,000 people in Burundi in Muyinga Province
  • Ebola prevention: UNICEF supports Burundian schoolchildren's hygiene awareness
  • The Ebola vaccination campaign reaches 4,105 people including 130 humanitarian workers
  • OCHA hosts the 2020 humanitarian response planning workshop
Aimé Saba, Ebola Coordination Specialist from WHO Burundi, gets vaccinated against Ebola. OCHA 2019 / Lauriane Wolfe
Aimé Saba, Ebola Coordination Specialist from WHO Burundi, gets vaccinated against Ebola. OCHA 2019 / Lauriane Wolfe

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Burundi

Situation Report

Key Figures

1.77M
People in need (2019)
710K
People targeted (2019)
103K
People displaced (2019)
1.7M
Food insecure people

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Burundi

Situation Report

Funding

$106.3M
Required
$64.3M
Received
61%
Progress
FTS

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Contacts

Jutta Hinkkanen

Head of Office

Lauriane Wolfe

Public Information Officer

Burundi

Situation Report
Background
Red Cross volunteers prepare to distribute Shelter and Non-Food Items  to people in need. Photo: IOM 2019
Red Cross volunteers prepare to distribute Shelter and Non-Food Items to people in need. Photo: IOM 2019

IOM and Red Cross respond to devastation caused by torrential rains, affecting over 3,000 people in Burundi in Muyinga Province

On 1 October 2019, torrential rains injured nine people and caused two deaths in Gashoho commune, of Muyinga Province. On 2 October 2019, IOM conducted a rapid assessment, in collaboration with the Provincial Disaster Management Platform, Red Cross Burundi, and World Vision International, and identified 3,125 people affected by the disaster, of whom 789 have been displaced. In terms of damage, 107 houses have been entirely destroyed, 504 have been partially destroyed, and a further 186 have had their roofs blown off. In response, 692 Shelter and NFI kits were distributed by Red Cross volunteers between Thursday 31 October and Friday 5 November 2019 (346 from OIM which were funded by the UK Department for International Development and 346 from the Red Cross). Further assistance to respond to shelter needs will be provided in the coming weeks.

Burundi is among the twenty most vulnerable countries to climate change and natural hazards. These climate events regularly affect the country and account for three quarters (77 per cent) of Internal Displacement Persons (IDPs). As of September 2019, there are 103,412 IDPs in Burundi, of which roughly 79,600 are displaced due to natural disasters (including over 8,400 displaced since January 2019). With the early onset of the September 2019 rainy season and forecasts which indicate above average rainfall is to be expected, there is a greater risk of flooding and other disasters in the coming months which could increase the number of IDPs.

The shelter sector requires US$11.7 million to respond to the needs of the most vulnerable in Burundi including those affected by natural disasters.

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Burundi

Situation Report
Coordination
Burundian children are taught about good hygiene practices using an image kit. UNICEF 2019 / KAREL PRINSLOO
Burundian children are taught about good hygiene practices using an image kit. UNICEF 2019 / KAREL PRINSLOO

Ebola prevention: UNICEF supports Burundian schoolchildren's hygiene awareness

Thanks to the Central Emergency Response Fund’s financial support, UNICEF successfully completed an awareness-raising campaign on good hygiene practices in Burundian schools last September 2019. Starting in January 2019, this initiative aimed to support the Ministry of Public Health and the Fight Against AIDS’ (MoH) in its crucial efforts to prevent Ebola Virus Disease (Ebola) from reaching Burundi.

The campaign targeted 100 schools located in the most vulnerable municipalities; with the highest number of people crossing the border between the Democratic Republic of Congo and Burundi.  

Training on how to promote and maintain good hygiene practices was given to 50 school officials and 360 community health workers. Large canisters of water equipped with taps and two boxes of soap were installed in each school to encourage handwashing.  A total of 214,164 students were trained, using image kits containing key messages, produced and validated by the MoH with UNICEF’s technical and financial support. Further methods of raising awareness include games, class discussions, debates, situational analysis, storytelling and theatre. These methods, in particular the image kits, are useful long-term tools which encourage students and their families to adopt positive behaviours contributing to effective Ebola prevention

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Burundi

Situation Report
Feature
Aimé Saba, Ebola Coordination Specialist from WHO Burundi, gets vaccinated against Ebola. OCHA 2019 / Lauriane Wolfe
Aimé Saba, Ebola Coordination Specialist from WHO Burundi, gets vaccinated against Ebola. OCHA 2019 / Lauriane Wolfe

The Ebola vaccination campaign reaches 4,105 people including 130 humanitarian workers

The National institute for public health (NIPH) with World Health Organization (WHO), is coordinating vaccination campaigns in the border provinces. As of 20 October 2019, a total of 4,105 people has been inoculated against the disease, in the priority health districts, including 130 humanitarians, who are often on the frontlines of EVD preparedness activities.

“I feel so relieved, to be honest” expressed one WHO staff member who had just been vaccinated. “When you’re travelling to the frontlines of the Ebola epidemic in the DRC, and you’re lying in your hotel room at night, you can’t help but think ‘I feel safer now that I have been vaccinated’”

To date, Burundi’s EVD preparedness level is at 72 per cent. UN organizations are committed to carrying out activities that support the efforts of the Ministry of Public Health and the Fights Against AIDS, including:

  • Vaccinations   

  •  Installation of diagnostic laboratories  

  • Finalisation of an Ebola Treatment Centre and Emergency Operations Centre

  • Operational and logistical support for Rapid Response Teams (who diagnose suspected cases)

  • Provision of epidemiological surveillance kits and hand washing equipment at border points of entry

  • Provision of epidemiological surveillance kits and hand washing equipment at border points of entry

  • Training staff working in health facilities in priority health districts (mostly Bubanza, Bujumbura Rural and Mairie, Cibitoke, Nyanza Lac and Rumonge).

While the number of EVD cases in the DRC has steadily declined in the last four weeks, the risk of EVD spreading to neighbouring countries remains high. Aimé Saba, Ebola Coordination Specialist, explained; “having travelled to the DRC as part of my role in supporting cross border collaboration around surveillance and contact tracing, and given that most meetings I attend are with people who visit high risk areas, I thought it would be appropriate to inoculate myself.”

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Burundi

Situation Report
Coordination
Photo: Jutta Hinkkanen, Head of OCHA Burundi, welcomes participants to the 2020 Humanitarian Response Planning workshop. OCHA, 22 Oct 2019/ Lucien Simba
Photo: Jutta Hinkkanen, Head of OCHA Burundi, welcomes participants to the 2020 Humanitarian Response Planning workshop. OCHA, 22 Oct 2019/ Lucien Simba

OCHA hosts the 2020 humanitarian response planning workshop

On 22 October 2019, the Office for Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA) together with the UN Development Programme (UNDP) facilitated a two-day workshop on humanitarian response planning as part of the 2020 Humanitarian Programme Cycle, gathering professionals from the humanitarian and development sectors, and members of the Government of Burundi. 

The workshop defined the humanitarian response strategy to address needs identified during the analysis stage, giving priority to the most vulnerable groups in the country.

The special needs of people living with disabilities were highlighted during a presentation by Mr KIRAJAGARAYE Vianney. He stressed the importance of addressing the needs of people with disabilities as a matter of priority and as a result, during the group work, ‘inclusion’ and how to address these needs featured prominently in planning the 2020 response.

The second day of the workshop focussed on how development and humanitarian organizations can work together to increase resilience and reduce humanitarian needs. A joint UNDP-OCHA mission from New York, Geneva and Nairobi presented the concept of the ‘New Way of Working’; an approach that focuses on the nexus between humanitarian action and development. Humanitarian and development organizations, together with the Government of Burundi, are committed to collectively achieving outcomes that allow partners to make progress towards achieving the 2030 Sustainable Development Goals.

The analysis carried out by humanitarian partners indicates that in 2020, 1,7 Million of people will be affected by food insecurity and an estimated 103,000 IDPs will need assistance. These 2020 planning figures remain very similar to the needs in 2019. Overall, the humanitarian community will aim to provide life-saving assistance to 630,000 people in 2020, down from 710,000 people in 2019.

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