Humanitarian Program Cycle (HPC) 2021
The Humanitarian Planning Process for 2021 is about to be finalized. At the time of writing, the HNO has just been published and the consultations between OCHA and government partners are continuing on the HRP. According to the humanitarian needs analysis, 2.3 million people will require humanitarian assistance in 2021. The needs are generated by the shocks Burundi continues to face, which mainly affect already fragile communities. Shocks primarily include natural disasters that regularly affect crops, further weaken the nutritional and food security situation of the most vulnerable and cause displacements of populations in search of shelter and livelihoods. Additionally, the return of Burundian refugees from neighboring countries has increased considerably in the second half of 2020 and this upward trend is expected to continue in 2021 with 143,000 returns expected. These returns are expected to put additional pressure on host communities in a context of pre-existing poverty and significant vulnerability. Finally, regular outbreaks of diseases with epidemic potential such as cholera and malaria, added to the socio-economic impacts of Covid-19, are likely to continue to weaken the most vulnerable populations. Among those in need, 1.06 million most vulnerable people will be targeted for multisectoral humanitarian response in 2021. These include internally displaced persons (IDPs), returnees, and other vulnerable categories of the population affected by humanitarian emergencies. To implement this response, US$195.2 million are required. The financial requirements have been identified based on unit costs per activity. They are broken down as follows, 53 per cent for the multi-sectoral response to meet the humanitarian needs of IDPs, returnees and other vulnerable categories affected by humanitarian emergencies while 28 per cent is allocated for the refugee response (Refugee Response Plan) and 19 per cent for the three-month assistance package for new returnees. The funds required in 2021 decreased by 2 per cent compared to 2020, despite a 19 per cent increase in the number of people targeted. This decrease is explained by the high cost of some activities that were planned for 2020 and were not or only partially included in the 2021 HRP. These include, for example, the distance learning in the event of a lockdown.
 Note that the initial HRP for 2020 required US$114 million. When the HRP was revised in July 2020, this request was increased to take into account the impact of Covid-19 on the continuity of HRP interventions and the cost of new humanitarian activities for Covid-19 prevention and response.