Situation Report
HNO 2020 © OCHA Burundi
HNO 2020 © OCHA Burundi

1.7 million Burundians need humanitarian assistance in 2020

On Friday 6 February, OCHA Burundi published this year’s Humanitarian Needs Overview (HNO)– a comprehensive analysis of the overall humanitarian situation and associated needs for 2020. This report is a result of months of work by humanitarian partners in Burundi.

The analysis of needs for 2020 shows a humanitarian situation comparable to 2019, with the number of people in humanitarian need decreasing slightly from 1.77 million in 2019 to 1.74 million in 2020. Of those in need in 2020, around 53 per cent are women, 58 per cent children, and 15 per cent people living with disabilities. To respond to these needs, the humanitarian community will target 630,000 of the most vulnerable people.

This figure includes three priority population groups: internally displaced persons, returnees and other categories of population affected by emergencies. Sub-groups of populations have also been taken into account because of their vulnerability, including host communities, people living with disabilities, single-parent households and separated and/or unaccompanied children. As last year, the majority of people in need reside in the Northern and Eastern provinces of the country.

As outlined in the HNO 2020, Burundi is among the countries most susceptible to climate change and recurrent natural disasters continue to regularly impact the humanitarian situation; they are responsible for over three quarters (79 per cent) of internal displacement (there are currently some 112,522 IDPs* in Burundi) and often cause localized emergencies. A total of 1,586 natural disasters, mostly torrential rains, floods and high winds, were recorded between October 2018 and December 2019, with impacts including displacement, total or partial destruction of crops, homes, classrooms, water networks and health centres.

In 2020, humanitarian partners estimate that a total of US$114 million will be required to respond to the needs of the 630,000-target population.

*As of January 2020