Cameroon

Situation Report

Highlights

  • North-West and South-West Situation report - It covers the period from 1 to 31 December 2020.
  • 360,467 people in the North-West and South-West regions benefited from food assistance as well as agriculture and livelihood activities
  • 70 per cent of people in need of food assistance received support despite limited resources.
  • 245 Gender Based Violence (GBV) incidents were reported in the two regions.
  • 213 unaccompanied and separated children, including 132 girls and 81 boys, were reunified with their families or placed in an alternative care arrangement.
Source: OCHA
The boundaries and names shown and the designations used on this map do not imply official endorsement or acceptance by the United Nations.

URL:

Downloaded:

Cameroon

Situation Report

Key Figures

3M
Affected people in NWSW
1.4M
Targeted for assistance in NWSW
705.8K
IDPs within or displaced from NWSW
360.5K
Returnees (former IDP) in NWSW
63.6K
Cameroonian refugees in Nigeria

URL:

Downloaded:

Cameroon

Situation Report

Funding

$390.9M
Required
$170.2M
Received
44%
Progress
FTS

URL:

Downloaded:

Contacts

Carla Martinez

Head of Office

James Nunan

Head of Sub-Office South-West region

Ilham Moussa

Head of Sub-Office North-West region

Marie Bibiane Mouangue

Public information Officer

Cameroon

Situation Report
Visual

Map of IDP, from the North-West and South-West Regions of Cameroon

Map of IDP from the North-West and South-West Regions of Cameroon

Source: OCHA, IOM, CHOI, Partners

The boundaries and names shown, and the designations used on this map do not imply official endorsement or acceptance by the United Nations.

URL:

Downloaded:

Cameroon

Situation Report
Background

Situation Overview

The situation in the NWSW regions deteriorated compared to the month before with an upsurge in violence and targeted attacks with potential relation to the regional elections that took place on 6 December. The deteriorating security situation has resulted in multiple population displacements across the NWSW regions with over 4,116 people forced to flee their homes to seek shelter and safety in nearby bushes and villages. These movements are often temporary and displaced persons usually return to their homes once the security situation allows.

Humanitarian actors continued to operate under numerous constraints. On 1 December, during a food distribution in Ikata town in Fako division in the South-West (SW) a commander of a non-State armed group (NSAG) attempted to behead a staff member of an international humanitarian organization involved in the distribution. Fortunately, she escaped unharmed. On 8 December, the Governor of the North-West (NW) region suspended the activities of the International NGO Doctors Without Borders in the region, causing potential serious impact on the provision of life saving humanitarian assistance in the region.

A lockdown was announced by NSAGs from 4 to 7 December 2020, due to the regional elections. NSAG fighters carried out several attacks to enforce the lockdown as well as to target anyone participating in the election. On 5 December, NSAG fighters burnt down a truck in Santa subdivision in NW and abducted the driver and his assistant. On 6 December, NSAG reportedly shot a priest and a seminarian in Akum town in Santa subdivision. Later, on the same day, NSAGs burnt a taxi in Buea subdivision in SW.

In December, NSAG attacks on traditional authorities were numerous. On 6 December, NSAG fighters reportedly abducted the Fon of Mbessa, in Belo subdivision in the NW as he returned from the voting station. On 10 December, NSAG abducted three chiefs at Mile 14 Dibanda, the chief of Mile 14 Dibanda, the chief of Mile 15 Lower Bokova, and the chief of Mile 16 Bolifamba l in Buea subdivision in SW. The chief of Mile 14 Dibanda reportedly died during the incident, while the other two chiefs were released after spending a night in captivity. On 12 December, the Fon of Kedjom Ketinguh, Small Babanki, in the Tubah subdivision in NW, was kidnapped by unidentified gunmen suspected to be NSAG fighters. He was released on 18 December.

Attacks against school children and staff continued during December. On 8 December, NSAG fighters shot a secondary school student in Ngashie in Oku subdivision in NW, as he was on his way to school.

In December, there was also an increase in the use of improvised explosive devices (IED). On 5 December, an IED detonated on the Santa on Pinyin road in Santa subdivision wounding three persons. On 9 December, an IED detonated in Mbengwi in Momo in NW killing an eight year- old boy. On 17 December, an IED detonated at the Ntahnko market junction in Widikum subdivision in NW. On 19 December, a convoy of State Security Forces was attacked in Eyumojock subdivision in SW with a remote controlled IED. On 20 December, an IED exploded in Mile 10 Bambili in Tubah subdivision in NW causing the loss of a welder’s hand after he had mistaken the object for an iron rod.

URL:

Downloaded:

Cameroon

Situation Report
Visual

Cameroon 2020 North-West and South-West Crisis - Funding by sector (in million US$) as of 6 January 2021

Cameroon 2020 North-West and South-West Crisis

All humanitarian partners, including donors and recipient agencies, are encouraged to inform OCHA's Financial Tracking Service (FTS - http://fts.unocha.org) of cash and in-kind contributions by e-mailing: fts@un.org

URL:

Downloaded:

Cameroon

Situation Report
Trends

Humanitarian Response: Education

2020 was a challenging year for education in the NWSW regions. The socio-political crisis and the COVID-19 pandemic led to the closure of 2,671 schools, keeping 458,000 school children and 19,503 teachers at home. The last quarter of the year also witnessed an increase in attacks against education facilities. Between 1 October and 10 December 2020, 35 attacks against education facilities were recorded.

Data from November 2020 indicates that in the NW region only 730 of 3,127 primary schools, equivalent to 23 per cent, and 142 of 416 secondary schools, equivalent to 25 per cent, are operational. It further reveals that only 39 per cent of primary school teachers and 21 per cent of secondary school teachers report to work. Schools in urban centers in the NWSW regions have become overcrowded as very few schools are functional in rural and hard to reach areas.

Despite the numerous challenges, some schools have remained operational, and children were able to sit for the end of term exams before going on holidays in December. Education Cluster partners have continued to provide support in relation to school feeding, psychosocial support, and distance learning in non-formal centers targeting out-of-school children. 62,251 out-of-school children were reached through distance learning programmes. They have also carried out advocacy efforts with relevant stakeholders demanding an end to attacks on education facilities.

URL:

Downloaded:

Cameroon

Situation Report
Trends

Humanitarian Response: Food Security

According to the latest Cadre Harmonisé analysis published in October 2020, an estimated 960,000 people are food insecure in NW and SW regions. With a four-year period of below average food production in the two regions, maintaining means of livelihood has become a significant challenge for many. Food and/or livelihood assistance has reduced the number of vulnerable households adopting negative coping strategies.

32 Food Security Cluster partners provided food and livelihood assistance to 360,467 people through various cash and in-kind interventions. Approximately 30 per cent of the 960,000 people in need did not receive assistance due to a lack of resources. 93 per cent of the beneficiaries received food assistance and seven per cent received agriculture and/or livelihoods related support. As part of efforts to improve coordination mechanisms, the Food Security Cluster is working with relevant partners to establish divisional coordination groups in Bamenda for the NW and in Buea for the SW region.

URL:

Downloaded:

Cameroon

Situation Report
Trends

Humanitarian Response: Health

Health Cluster partners have stepped up efforts to support the response to COVID-19 and ensure the continuity of services in health care facilities in the NWSW. The pandemic continues to spread across the two regions and the propagation of new strains in Nigeria is of concern in the bordering areas. Surveillance activities have been enhanced at the frontier health posts. WHO, UNICEF, UNFPA, and WFP, through the World Bank’s Pandemic Emergency Financing Facility (PEFF), have been supporting the COVID-19 response in the two regions.

WHO supported the training of health personnel across all 37 health districts of both regions. 111 health personnel were trained on COVID-19 case management, 185 were trained as members of rapid response teams while 74 others were trained as data clerks. Assessments were carried out in the regional hospitals of Buea, Limbe and Bamenda, on ways of improving existing intensive care units.

UNICEF assisted the regional delegation of public health (RDPH) in the SW to carry out a three-day catch-up vaccination for children and pregnant women in Kumba, Konye and Mamfe health districts. A total of 7,496 children and pregnant women who had missed vaccine doses were vaccinated.

According to the Health Cluster, on 26 December, there was an attack on a health centre in Bambui in Tubah subdivision in the NW, which caused two deaths. Access to health care is challenging for communities where health care facilities are still not operational. Only few Health Cluster partners currently operate mobile clinics and community health care services due to limited resources. in these facilities.

URL:

Downloaded:

Cameroon

Situation Report
Trends

Humanitarian Response: Nutrition

Nutrition partners continued to support the response in remote, hard to reach, and peri-urban areas through fixed static health facilities, mobile teams and the rapid response mechanism (RRM). 66,285 children, including 32,651 boys and 33,634 girls, were screened for acute malnutrition during the month of December. 93 children, equivalent to 0.1 per cent had severe acute malnutrition (SAM). Only 49 children, equivalent to 52 per cent of all children with SAM received appropriate treatment. Projects of five partners were closed due to funding constraints.

Supporting the malnutrition treatment related to SAM is a significant challenge. OCHA is working with the Nutrition Cluster to ensure life-saving nutrition support is extended to all children identified with SAM. 574 children, equivalent to 0.8 per cent of screened children, were identified with moderate acute malnutrition (MAM). 35,777 caregivers, including 20,436 women and 15,341 men were sensitized on key messages on infant and young child feeding practices.

11,595 children, including 5,461 boys and 6,134 girls, aged between 6 and 23 months, and 7,248 pregnant and lactating women (PLW) were reached under the preventive programme for undernutrition through blanket supplementary feeding programme (BSFP) in food insecure areas. Culinary demonstrations on preparation of super cereal were carried out at several distribution points. In order to enhance nutrition data collection, reporting and analysis via the district health information software (DHIS) II platform, UNICEF trained 22 data managers from 20 health districts in the NWSW regions on DHIS II. Access challenges including lockdowns and ghost towns affected the implementation of nutrition activities especially distributions in the BSFP programme.

URL:

Downloaded:

Cameroon

Situation Report
Trends

Humanitarian Response: Protection

The protection environment in the NWSW deteriorated due to the regional elections. There were regular confrontations between State Security Forces and NSAGs, restrictions of movement and lockdowns, an increase in the use of IEDs by NSAGs, targeted attacks and killings, threats against people as well as raids and indiscriminate arrests by State Security Forces hindering the delivery of humanitarian assistance.

UNHCR and Intersos carried out protection assessments and focus group discussions (FGDs) in the localities of Diche 1 in Widikum subdivision in the NW, in Mussang and Nsangwa in Bamenda 2 subdivision in the NW, in Malende and Ekona in Muyuka subdivision in the SW, in Tole in Buea subdivision in the SW, in Kesham in Mamfe subdivision in the SW, and in Mbalangi in Mbonge subdivision in the SW. Protection partners recorded 8,700 IDPs and 1,170 returnees. In December, protection partners collected 465 incident reports including the destruction of habitat, threat to life and personal security cases, murders and killings, and SGBV cases, which were referred to relevant GBV Area of Responsibility (AoR) partners.

60 persons received psychosocial support, 174 persons received legal and cash assistance, 4,200 persons were sensitized on the rights and responsibilities of IDPs, while 130 community members, humanitarian actors and State authorities received protection training. Protection partners conducted monitoring activities for more than 150,000 persons and assisted 2,459 IDPs to obtain national identity cards and civil status documents.

URL:

Downloaded:

Cameroon

Situation Report
Trends

Humanitarian Response: Child Protection Area of Responsibility (AoR)

Community members reported several cases of child rights violations. Attacks on schools, targeting children and staff members, have been reported in Boyo, Mezam and Manyu divisions in the NW and SW regions, respectively.

Despite tensions, Child Protection actors continue to provide services to affected communities, identifying and providing necessary support to vulnerable children and caregivers. More than 6,387 children and caregivers were provided with psychosocial support services in child friendly/safe spaces. More than 1,093 vulnerable children, including 901 unaccompanied and separated children (UASC), were identified, registered and provided with case management services by Child Protection partners. 213 (132 girls and 81 boys) of the 1,093 vulnerable children were either reunified with their families or placed in an alternative care arrangement.

Child Protection partners sensitized communities on child protection and Gender-Based Violence (GBV) issues and raised their awareness on the COVID-19 pandemic. More than 9,467 children and caregivers were reached by Child Protection actors with awareness raising sessions, including positive parenting skills sessions.

URL:

Downloaded:

Cameroon

Situation Report
Trends

Humanitarian Response: GBV Area of Responsibility

In December, 245 GBV cases were reported to relevant service providers. 100 per cent of survivors received assistance through secured, coordinated referrals and in accordance with the do no harm principles. It is worth mentioning that the number of reported cases represent those collected by GBV partners during activities implementation and are not a representation of all GBV cases that take place in the two regions. The reported figures cannot therefore be used to generate or track GBV prevalence data.

Sexual violence represents 40 per cent of reported GBV cases. Survivors of GBV incidents are mostly women (86 per cent), with 6 per cent people with disabilities. 37 per cent of survivors are children. 36 per cent of survivors received psychosocial support (36 per cent), health (28 per cent), and livelihood services (45 per cent). There is a critical need to scale up lifesaving GBV services and advocate for access to affected communities in hard-to-reach areas.

GBV partners reached 9,569 people with prevention and response interventions, including GBV awareness raising and information on available services, dignity kits distribution, women and girls safe space activities, psychosocial support and psychological first aid, youth and adolescent support programmes, life skill development for women, capacity building for community members and frontline workers on GBV concepts, engagement of men and boys to raise awareness on GBV, and GBV risk mitigation training.

Between 25 November and 10 December, to commemorate the 16 days of activism against gender-based violence, GBV partners in collaboration with other cluster partners organized several activities including the dissemination of GBV messages in different localities where 2,000 persons were reached. UNFPA in the SW, in collaboration with WFP, organized a round table discussion with ten partners on the causes, consequences and prevention of GBV.

URL:

Downloaded:

Cameroon

Situation Report
Trends

Humanitarian Response: Shelter/NFI

3,373 individuals received NFI assistance, including 1,881 in the NW and 1,492 in the SW.

In the NW region, NRC carried out a distribution of 250 packs of household items and integrated COVID-19 prevention kits in Babanki Tungoh village in in Tubah subdivision, reaching 1,881 individuals including 886 males and 995 females.

In the SW, NRC distributed 250 packs of basic household and kitchen items in Debuncha and Bakingili towns in West Coast subdivision, reaching 1,492 persons, including 728 males and 764 females.

URL:

Downloaded:

Cameroon

Situation Report
Trends

Humanitarian Response: Water, Sanitation and Hygiene

Eight WASH partners provided various WASH services and COVID-19 prevention interventions to 51,736 individuals including 201 people with disabilities (PWD) in the NWSW regions.

Additionally, WASH partners carried out activities of sensitization on menstrual hygiene management, monitoring of handwashing devices, training of water user committees, and training on the use of dignity kits.

Overall achievements in 2020 In 2020, WASH Cluster partners reached 332,456 of 1,107,111 targeted individuals, equivalent to 30 per cent in the NWSW with the construction or rehabilitation of water points and distribution networks, construction of sanitation facilities, and the distribution of WASH kits. 68,646 individuals were reached with water supply, 42,988 individuals benefited from the construction of sanitary facilities, while 220,822 individuals received WASH kits. kits.

URL:

Downloaded:

Cameroon

Situation Report
Coordination

Humanitarian Coordination

OCHA continued to the ensure coordination of the response in the NWSW regions and continued to advocate for humanitarian access and effective and principled humanitarian action through regular meetings with relevant stakeholders.

Additionally, in 2020, OCHA provided support to secure access for 25 humanitarian missions of UN agencies in the NWSW, including a sea mission to Ekondo Titi. The following chart indicates the locations and participating agencies. Figures were affected by COVID-19 spread and by security considerations.

URL:

Downloaded:

Cameroon

Situation Report
Emergency Response
Attack rate per health district in Cameroon
Attack rate per health district in Cameroon Source: Cameroon COVID-19 Situation report n.61 (from 24 December to 30 December 2020)

COVID-19 Situation report - It covers the period from 1 to 31 December 2020.

HIGHLIGHTS  

  • In Cameroon like in most countries, COVID-19 crisis has negatively impacted the general situation. As of 31 December, WHO reported 26,277 cumulative cases and 448 deaths in the country with a fatality rate of 1.7 per cent.

  • In his end year address to the Nation on 21 December 2020, the Head of State reminded of the necessity to abide by measures to stop the spread of COVID-19. He noted that despite efforts made, COVID-19 has caused grief to many families and negatively affected the economy and the Cameroonian society. Additionally, the Minister of Health (MoH) called for the respect of distancing measures, especially with the end year celebrations and the prominence of a more contagious strain of the virus in Europe.

  • According to the results of the Knowledge, Attitude and Practices (KAP)’ survey which UNICEF and WHO carried out in October 2020, the lowest level of knowledge on COVID-19 is observed in the West region and negative attitudes and practices are more common in the Centre and Far North regions.

  • WHO has mobilized US$ 3.9 million for the fight against COVID-19 in the North-West and South-West regions which are severely affected by the crisis.

  • 26,3K COVID-19 cases

  • 932 Active cases

  • 781K Cumulation of samples tested for COVID-19 (TDR+PCR)

  • 1,8% Fatality rate

SITUATION OVERVIEW 

Cameroon is facing a significant upsurge in COVID-19 cases. According to WHO, more than 5,000 new cases have been recorded between November and December 2020.

On 31 December 2020, Cameroon had more than 26,000 positive cases. It is the eleventh African country in relation to the number of infections. Nevertheless, Cameroon has the highest recovery rate of 95 per cent.

On 28 and 29 December, the Minister of Health (MoH) intensified consultations with different COVID-19 response stakeholders in Cameroon, to assess the response and identify prospects especially considering a possible second wave of infections.

The Knowledge, Attitudes, and Practices (KAP) survey indicated that 72 per cent of the people have an acceptable knowledge on COVID-19. While 30 per cent of surveyed individuals developed adequate attitudes, 74 per cent adopt adequate practices. The lowest level of knowledge on COVID-19 is observed in the West region where negative attitudes and practices are more common respectively in the Centre and Far North regions. It is worth noting that surveys carried out before had shown that 80 per cent of surveyed individuals had acceptable knowledge on COVID-19. The recent KAP survey covered a wider population though.

Gaps & constraints The consultations carried out by the MoH allowed to identify gaps in the implementation of the response strategy, notably:

  • Inconsistencies in data collected from health districts make the analysis challenging, raising the need for an exchange platform between data managers at the central level and those at the peripheral level, such as health districts and health regional delegations, in order to improve the quality of data as part of the management of epidemics and other public health emergencies.

  • The lack of standardized procedures, data collection tools, contact tracking tools, and especially the limited capacity of key stakeholders to use these tools. These capacities and tools are essential for the preparation of responses to public health emergencies.

URL:

Downloaded:

Cameroon

Situation Report
Visual

Inter-Agency Response Plan/Cameroon HRP COVID-19 2020

Cameroon HRP COVID 2020

US$ 81.7 million requested US$ 54.1 million funded /All humanitarian partners, including donors and recipient agencies, are encouraged to inform OCHA's Financial Tracking Service (FTS - http://fts.unocha.org) of cash and in-kind contributions by e-mailing: fts@un.org

URL:

Downloaded:

Cameroon

Situation Report
Emergency Response

Case management and IPC

Needs:

  • Strengthening of the testing capacity through the Track, Test and Treat (3T) strategy.

Response:

  • From 1 to 31 December 2020, the Ministry of Health and partners strived to reinforce the massive testing operation at Mifi health district in Bafoussam, in Mifi Division, West region.

  • Starting December 2020, as part of its enhanced COVID-19 prevention measures, the Government requires that all passengers bound for Cameroon to be systematically tested for COVID-19 on arrival at the international airports of Douala and Yaounde Nsimalen. In addition, a negative PCR test from less than three days prior to the departure to Cameroon should be presented by passengers.

  • From July to December 2020, WHO supported active cases finding and alerts through 674 community health workers (CHWs) trained and supervised in four regions (North-West, South-West, West and Littoral).

  • To cope with the increase in COVID-19 cases in education institutions, health authorities in collaboration with schools increased testing in education facilities. Consequently, the number of tests is increasing according to the latest statistics.

Gaps & Constraints:

  • Testing is not carried out in all schools, which might not indicate the extent of infections among students.

  • There are challenges to compliance with distancing measures given the excessive numbers of students in classes and sometimes the poor hygiene conditions. numbers of students in classes and sometimes the poor hygiene conditions.

URL:

Downloaded:

Cameroon

Situation Report
Emergency Response

Risk Communication and Community Engagement (RCCE)

Needs:

  • Development and implementation of the RCCE plan relating to the introduction of COVAX vaccine.

  • Reinforcement of RCCE activities in parallel with the resumption of classes in the second quarter.

Response:

  • RCCE activities have been strengthened in the run-up to end year festivities. From 17 to 19 December 2020, the Ministry of Health (MoH), the Cameroon Red Cross, and the Regional Fund for the Promotion of Health distributed information material on COVID-19 prevention and home care of at the Food Fair which took place in Ebolowa, South region.

  • In December 2020, GIZ supported awareness activities in six radio stations in the West Region.

  • Throughout December and mostly during end year festivities, MoH carried out sensitization activities using megaphones in the whole West region. MoH, with the technical and financial support of UNICEF and IFRC, launched the RCCE strategy at the 17 active entry points and trained RCCE actors from border health checks in Mbalmayo and Ngaoundere in South and Adamawa regions.

  • Funded by UNESCO and the European Union in the framework of the “#CoronaVirus Facts project”, and implemented by 42 Civil Society Organizations (CSOs), the Eduk-Media association continued the implementation of the campaign to combat disinformation and monitor hate speech and harmful COVID-19 online content.

Gaps & Constraints:

  • Persistence of perceptions around the demise of COVID-19 in Cameroon.

  • Poor compliance with distancing measures especially during the end of year celebrations.

  • Poor RCCE on the social acceptance of the COVAX vaccine.

URL:

Downloaded:

Cameroon

Situation Report
Emergency Response

Points of Entry (POE); Operational Support and Logistics

Needs:

  • Cisterns/wells for a potable water next to screening points in the 32 prioritized PoE sites in the East region.

  • Additional materials including gloves, facemasks, thermometers, hand washing stations, etc. at local medical centers and other points at the 32 prioritized PoE sites in East region.

  • A contingency plan to respond to future public health emergencies in the health region including the development of a list of priority sites for public health interventions based on mobility characteristics and trends in the area, to be developed by MoH and other relevant actors.

Response:

  • At PoE, the number of positive COVID-19 cases increased with the systematic screening of passengers at Douala and Yaounde Nsimalen international airports, reaching approximatively 75 per cent of individuals entering Cameroon.

  • During a coordination and partnership conference conducted by IOM on 3 December 2020 in Yaounde, 25 official and unofficial points of entry were identified in the East region, including 10 official and 15 unofficial), along with a prioritization level.

  • In December 2020, IOM, WHO and partners increased the number of screening stations at PoEs. The data in the graph below shows the evolution of the screening points at PoEs.

Gaps & Constraints:

  • Lack of a national preparedness plan for future health emergencies based on the findings of recent participative mapping exercises, including lists of prioritized sites for public health measures to limit the spread of communicable diseases.

  • Absence of a hand-over strategy for actors providing assistance and equipment including hospital equipment to ensure the sustainable management and care of supplied equipment for future health crises.

  • Lack of coordination with existent child protection and gender specific actors in the East region, to liaise and refer cases, especially considering the negative impacts of long periods of confinement which call for greater attention and coordination.

URL:

Downloaded: