During September, the general security situation in the NWSW regions remained volatile and was marked by armed confrontations, military raids, restrictions on movement (lockdowns) and mass arrests which caused displacement of civilian populations. Several lockdown periods were observed which grounded humanitarian activities and several serious attacks against civilians were reported. It had been anticipated that there would be an increase in the number of security incidents with the upcoming self-declared Ambazonia Independence Dayon 1 October.
All 13 divisions in the NWSW regions were covered by protection monitoring activities carried out by UNHCR, INTERSOS, IRC and DRC. During September, 737 incident reports were collected by protection actors relating to protection incidents that have taken place since the beginning of the crisis. 20 protection assessments were carried out in the Meme, Manyu, Fako, Mezam, Momo divisions by protection actors. IDPs in these communities specified that insecurity, fear of attacks, arbitrary detention as well as SGBV were their main protection concerns.
Awareness raising messages during the month focused on Sexual and Gender Based Violence (SGBV), available protection services and the prevention of COVID-19. Sensitization messages reached 2,420 persons (228 boys, 478 girls, 747 men and 967 women). 90 community members (52 men and 38 women) were trained on protection work in their respective areas by INTERSOS. A total of 1,875 persons including 374 girls, 398 boys, 835 women and 268 men were reached during awareness activities by IRC on SGBV.
Thirty Eight calls were received by the UNHCR hotline management centre and 58 percent of the calls reported protection incidents, with 14 percent being SGBV related issues. The hotline also serves as a feedback mechanism on UNHCR services provided to the communities.
IRC established 27 civil status documents for 17 boys, three girls, five men and two women in Fako, Meme and Ndian divisions in the SW. 113 IDPs in need of documentation in the 13 divisions were recorded and referred to the legal partner Libra Law Firm for assistance. 49 vulnerable IDPs, including 4 boys, 9 girls, 20 men and 16 women, received blankets, clothes, shoes, soap and face masks in the same division. IRC supported 192 SGBV survivors with psychological assistance and also made four referrals for legal assistance. 64 SGBV survivors received health services and 62 received support in 72 hours from IRC. A total of 195 vulnerable women were assisted with protection assistance by INTERSOS during the month. 18 SGBV case files were opened and are under management; 39 women received psychosocial support; 44 women were referred for medical care and received cash assistance and livelihood assistance; 75 women and girls of reproductive age received dignity kits; and 18 lactating mothers were assisted with mama kits by INTERSOS.