Cameroon

Situation Report
Emergency Response
Infection rate per 10,000 people
Infection rate per 10,000 people Source: Cameroon COVID-19 n.84 (from 19 August to 26 August 2021)

COVID-19 Situation report - It covers the period from 1 July to 31 August 2021.

HIGHLIGHTS  

  • According to the Minister of Public Health (MoH), the third wave of COVID-19 could occur in October 2021. He encouraged people to get vaccinated and continue to respect the barrier measures.

  • The MoH alerted on the presence of the COVID-19 Delta variant in Cameroon.

  • As of 25 August 2021, the MoH recorded 1,375 active cases in the country. Cameroon is the ninth African country in relation to the number of cumulative infections recorded since the beginning of the pandemic.

  • As of 28 July 2021, 285,522 people have received the first dose of vaccine and 53,365 the second, which represent 38 per cent consumption of the received vaccines.

  • Initial results of the Knowledge, Attitude and Practices (KAP) survey on the acceptability of the COVID-19 vaccine reveals that most of the respondents have a good knowledge of the pandemic (symptoms, people at risk, means of prevention, etc.). However, they are reluctant to take the vaccine because awareness is not primarily raised by health personnel and because of rumors and exposure to misinformation spread mainly on social networks.

  • 80,953 COVID-19 cases

  • 1,872 active cases

  • 2,804 healthcare workers infected

  • 1.8M cumulation of samples tested for COVID-19 (TDR+PCR)

  • 110,324 vaccine doses administrated

  • 1,6% Fatality rate

SITUATION OVERVIEW 

The number of new COVID-19 cases reported has slightly increased over the last three weeks (epidemiological weeks 31,32, and 33 of the year 2021). As of 25 August 2021, 368,478 samples had been analyzed by Polymerase Chain Reaction (PCR) bringing the diagnosis rate to 13.6 per 1,000 inhabitants; and 541,421 samples had been tested by Rapid Diagnostic Test (RDT) bringing the RDT diagnosis rate to 56.9 per 1,000 people.

The Ministry of Public Health (MoH) strengthened the vaccination campaign. Between 7 and 17 July, nearly 310,000 people received a dose of vaccine. 254,000 people received their first dose and 56,000 the second. Cameroonian authorities also announced that the Government will soon seize to support the treatment of people infected with COVID-19. As of 29 July, the authorities maintained current COVID-19-related restrictions. Land and sea borders remained closed to international travel. However, freight transport via land and sea routes was likely to continue but would be subject to increased screening. Air borders also remain closed, but authorities had permitted several flights via Douala and Yaounde Nsimalen International Airports.

On behalf of the Minister of Public Health, Mr. Manaouda Malachie, the Secretary general of the MoH, Pr. Louis Richard Njock presided over the first edition of the Immunization Champion Awards 2021, organized by the MoH. In his statement, he recalled that the Immunization Champion Award was an opportunity for the Ministry of Public Health to recognize the contribution of individuals or legal entities to the improvement of health services in Cameroon through their work in the field of immunization. The award honors those who go above and beyond the call of duty to promote or support immunization. On 8 July, Mr. Malachie Manaouda officially authorized the marketing of four improved traditional medicines (TAMs) to fight against COVID-19 on the local market, for three years. These are Adsak COVID/Elixir COVID, produced by the Archbishop of Douala, Samuel Kleda, Corocur powder by Euloge Yagnigni, Palubek's by Christine Bekono and Soudicov Plus by Imam Modibo.

On 21 July, the Cameroonian health authorities received 303,05 doses of Johnson& Johnson vaccine from the US and on 8 August, the government received 158,400 doses from the African Union / African Vaccine Acquisition Trust (AVAT) as the first consignment supplied in collaboration with the Africa Medical Supplies Platform (AMSP). On 14 August, the Pasteur Centre of Cameroun (CPC) announced that the COVID-19 Delta variant was present in Cameroon since May 2021, in the cities of Douala and Yaounde. Despite the relatively low number of sequenced samples, health authorities acknowledged they are having difficulty controlling the circulation of the Delta variant, which is more transmissible than the other variants, in the national territory.

Gaps & constraints

  • The COVID-19 vaccination rate in country is very low, 0.3 per cent of the targeted people are fully vaccinated.

  • Lack of involvement of health personnel in COVID-19 vaccination sensitization campaign.

  • The sensitization campaign on COVID-19 vaccination is not adapted to the profiles of the hesitant population and to their geographical location.

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