Humanitarian Response: GBV Area of Responsibility
The level of Gender Based Violence (GBV) incident reporting has remained stable with 567 cases reported in August compared to July 2020 (573 cases). However, as repeated armed confrontations in August caused new displacements, there is a high likelihood that more GBV cases were perpetrated than reported, as access to affected communities has been limited. Sexual violence represents 38 percent of the reported cases while survivors’ access to multi-sectoral response services remains a challenge. Survivors of GBV incidents are mostly women (78 percent). 4 percent of them are women with disabilities, and 25 percent are children. Survivors received various services including psychosocial support (40 percent), health (34 percent), livelihood services (25 percent) and legal assistance (16 percent). There is a critical need to scale up lifesaving GBV services and advocate for access to affected communities in hard to reach areas.
In August, the GBV AoR members were able to reach 37,969 people with GBV prevention and response interventions including: GBV and COVID-19 awareness raising and information on available services (12,088); dignity kits distribution (8,401); women and girl safe space activities (7,185); psychosocial support and psychological first aid (PFA) (4,057); men and boys engagement activities (2,409); youth and adolescent program (1,059); life skill development for women (994); capacity building for community members and frontline workers on GBV concepts (682). To support timely access of GBV survivors to multi-sector services, 15 organizations from the WASH cluster and 35 DTM focal points received an orientation and 95 copies of the GBV referral pathways. Enhancing GBV case management skills of frontline workers is key to the healing process of survivors of GBV as well as their recovery and empowerment.
Service providers need to be trained on GBV case management to be able to support survivors in the process of identifying and addressing their holistic needs. However, during a recent rapid assessment on the COVID-19 impact on GBV risks and response in the NWSW regions, 60 percent to 82 percent of respondents (service providers) stated they did not receive any training or orientation on psychosocial support and GBV case management. To address this need, the GBV AoR under UNFPA leadership trained 60 frontline GBV actors on GBV case management in the two regions. Recognizing the importance of these training sessions, GBV actors in the regions also expressed the need for more coaching and funding support to be able to address the holistic needs of GBV survivors including health, mental health and psychosocial support, safe shelter and socioeconomic empowerment and access to justice. It is important to note that these services are not always free for all the survivors in the conflict affected NWSW regions, discouraging most of the victims and their families from seeking support exacerbating the consequences of GBV on survivors and their families, and jeopardizing their resilience.