Overview of population movements as of 31 December 2021
As of 31 December 2021, the total number of internally displaced people (IDPs) in CAR is estimated to 691,791 made up of respectively 172,126 people living at sites (25 per cent) and 519,665 in host families (75 per cent). This represents an increase of 22,000 IDPs (3,3 per cent) compared to November when the number of IDPs was estimated at 669,791.
At the end of December, partners from the Population Movement Commission (CMP) reported 28,476 new displacements and 6,476 returns. New displacements were the result of attacks on the positions of armed groups by the Central African Armed Forces (FACA) and bilateral forces in several localities and reprisals or the fear thereof by certain communities suspected of collaborating with one of the parties to the conflicts. The sub-prefectures with the largest new displacements were Ngaoundaye (15,970 IDPs), Bambari (3,529 IDPs), Bocaranga (3,500 IDPs) and Ippy (2,000 IDPs).
In addition, preventive displacements of a relatively large scale were reported in the commune of Cochio-Toulou, Kouango sub-prefecture due to violent clashes between the FACA and armed men. Due to various constraints, no mission has been feasible to assess the situation and estimate the number of people affected by these preventive displacements.
In December, spontaneous returns of IDPs to their neighborhoods of origin due to the improvement in the security situation were recorded. Spontaneous returns of IDPs who were at sites were reported mainly in Alindao (3,317 people), Bangui (2,050 people) and Bambari (425 people). In Kouango, most of the people who had fled following the attack on the FACA and Internal Security Forces (FSI) position on 2 December 2021 returned during the month. Download the infographic here.