Overview of population movements as of 31 July 2021
As of 31 July 2021, the number of internally displaced persons (IDPs) in the Central African Republic is estimated at 690,705, made up of 203,807 people living at sites (30 per cent) and 486,898 people in host families (70 per cent). The overall trend in July indicates a decrease of 25,973 people (-3.6 per cent) compared to June 2021 when the total number of IDPs was estimated at 716,678. The number of IDPs increased continuously from December 2020 to February 2021 in the context of the electoral and post-electoral crisis. Since March 2021, the overall trend in population movements has begun to reverse with a small preponderance of returns over new displacements. In July, 64,110 new IDPs were registered, mainly in the Basse-Kotto, Haut-Mbomou and Ouaka Prefectures. The military operations carried out by the Central African Armed Forces (FACA) and their allies against armed groups and the fear of abuses committed by armed groups during their flight are the main causes of these new displacements. Some populations perceiving imminent fighting are moving as a precautionary measure to find refuge in safer areas. Conversely, 90,083 returns were reported in July, mainly in the Mbomou, Nana-Mambéré, Nana-Gribizi, Basse-Kotto and Bamingui-Bangoran Prefectures. The recapture of towns that had been occupied by armed groups has led to the gradual return of the population to certain localities. The victims of the 2019 and 2020 floods in the Mbomou, Ouaka and Bamingui-Bangoran Prefectures have all returned. In addition, preventive displacements on a relatively large scale were reported during July in the context of military operations carried out by the FACA and their allies against armed groups, particularly in the Bouar, Bedamara and Paoua Sub-prefectures. These displacements were of short duration and the IDPs in question returned during the month.