First 2021 Forum on the humanitarian-development-peace nexus
The Chadian Government and the humanitarian community called on donors to support the humanitarian response to tackle the most pressing needs for the year 2021. This appeal was launched during the humanitarian-development-peace forum, held in N’Djamena on 4 June, and whose goal was to highlight key programs aimed at assisting the most vulnerable populations in Chad while advancing local development and peace. The 2021 Humanitarian Response Plan (HRP) and the Refugee Response Plan (CRRP) were launched during this forum. Co-chaired by the Minister of Economy, Development Planning and International Cooperation, and the Representative of the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) acting as the Humanitarian and Resident Coordinator (HC/RC), this first edition of the forum was attended by representatives of United Nations (UN) agencies, Government entities, international and national NGOs, major humanitarian and development donors -including the Civilian protection and humanitarian aid operations from the European Commission (ECHO), the United Kingdom Department for International Development (DFID), Swiss cooperation, the United States Agency for International Development (USAID), World Bank, European Union, the French Development Agency (AFD) and UNDP.
The 2021 Humanitarian Response Plan
Four million people are targeted through the 2021 HRP, among the 5.5 million people in need of emergency humanitarian aid. The HRP aims at implementing emergency actions in the sectors of food security, nutrition, health, protection, shelter, education, water and hygiene, as well as support basic social services and the search for durable solutions. In 2021, the HRP requires USD 617.5 million, a 13 percent increase from the USD 545.3 million of the initial 2020 HRP launched in March 2020. This budget increase reflects the rise in the number of targeted people, estimated at 25 percent compared to 2020. However, the 2021 budget is down by 7 percent compared to the revised USD 664.6 million budget estimated after the COVID-19 impact in June 2020.
The Minister of Economy, Development Planning and International Cooperation, Dr. Issa Doubragne, commended the team spirit that prevailed in the elaboration of the strategic plans before reiterating the Government’s commitment to working with its partners in reducing vulnerabilities of affected people. “The Government believes that rather than giving fish to a person every day, which is a good thing, it is better to teach this person how to fish so that they can provide for themselves. We want an assistance that will allow beneficiaries to make it without international aid so they can, themselves, produce their own livelihood”, reasserted the Minister.
The UNDP Representative in Chad, Mr. Kamil Kamaluddeen, acting as the HC/RC ad interim, applauded the efforts of the humanitarian and development community in assisting affected people, and asked donors to continue to support Chad. « Faced with the scale of these important needs, I praise the efforts of all partners who contributed to these plans, which are essential response tools to the urgent and critical humanitarian needs identified and expressed by the populations in Chad. Therefore, I ask for the renewed commitment from the international community to support the Chadian Government and humanitarian actors in their response and their efforts to support the most vulnerable, in a spirit of collaboration, humanity, and solidarity”, he pleaded.
The head of office of ECHO in Chad, Mr. David Kerespars, speaking on behalf of donors, insisted on the necessity to innovate in order to resolutely implement the nexus in the field. He pointed out the growing humanitarian needs and the equally growing number of vulnerable people for whom humanitarian assistance and protection remain vital.
Main nexus projects in Chad
The Comprehensive Refugee Response Framework (CRRF) is a multistakeholder and multiannual strategic document which presents the needs of all refugees in Chad as well as the response plan of humanitarian actors. It is a model in terms of partnership involving the Government, UN agencies and stakeholders at bilateral and multilateral levels.
The multiplicity of partnerships facilitates the implementation of the humanitarian-development-peace nexus, through the inclusion of refugees in Chad’s National Development Plans (PND). For example, programs such as the Inclusive Development Programme in Hosting Areas (DIZA), funded by the European Union, and the Refugees and Host Communities Support Project (PARCA), by the World Bank, both presented during the forum, are a testimony to a common will to develop synergies by pooling resources in order to attain the goals set by the Global Compact for Refugees.
The portfolio of peacebuilding projects, funded by the United Nations Peacebuilding Fund (PBF), and the stabilization project implemented by UNDP, also presented during the forum, all contribute to the restoration of populations’ access to basic social services and to the consolidation of peace within the nexus framework. A synergy of actions and a more efficient coordination in the nexus implementation are still to be improved. This is what this forum is about, its meetings should be more frequent and better structured to meet the different expectations of stakeholders.
The level of funding for the HRP and CRRF projects, as well as for the PBF, will be crucial in achieving the expected results.