Ethiopia - Northern Ethiopia Humanitarian Update

Situation Report

Highlights

  • UNHAS resumed flights to and from Mekelle on 24 November.
  • An assessment conducted in Debre Berhan, Amhara, to gauge the humanitarian and access situation, and inform on the humanitarian response, following large-scale displacement.
  • More than 500 health facilities across Amhara Region were damaged due to the conflict, preventing a large number of people from accessing healthcare services.
  • Nutrition and feeding commodities sufficient to treat severely malnourished children in Afar and Amhara regions for the next two months were dispatched to both regions.
  • Food partners started a food assistance operation to reach more than 450,000 people in Dessie and Kombolcha over the next two weeks.
Ethiopia
The boundaries and names shown and the designations used on this map do not imply official endorsement or acceptance by the United Nations. © OCHA

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Situation Report

Key Figures

8.1M
People targeted in Amhara, Afar and Tigray
63,110
Refugees in Sudan since 7 November

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Funding

$957M
Requirements Northern Ethiopia
$343M
Outstanding gap

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Contacts

Hayat Abu Saleh

Head, Strategic Communications Unit

Saviano Abreu

Head of Communications, Eastern and Southern Africa

Ethiopia - Northern Ethiopia Humanitarian Update

Situation Report
Background

Disclaimer

OCHA Ethiopia prepares this report with the support of Cluster Coordinators. The data/information collected covers the period from 16 – 22 November. In some cases, access and communication constraints mean that updates for the period are delayed and cannot be reflectedThis report is expanding to cover Amhara and Afar regions in addition to Tigray region. The next issue of the sitrep will be published on 2 December.   

 

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Results from the Northern Ethiopia Response Plan (since 1 May)

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Background

Situation Overview

The situation in northern Ethiopia remains fragile and fluid, with humanitarian operations heavily constrained due to insecurity and bureaucratic impediments, including lack of transportation of humanitarian supplies, hampering the delivery of life-saving humanitarian assistance.

The spillover of the conflict to Afar and Amhara regions continues to increase humanitarian needs with additional large-scale displacement and loss of livelihood. In Amhara, tens of thousands of people were displaced from Dessie Town in South Wello Zone to the zonal capital city Bahir Dar in the last few weeks; and thousands were displaced from Dessie to Mekane Selam in South Wello Zone. There are also reports of displacement from Dawunt Woreda in North Wello Zone to Tach Gayint Woreda in South Gondar Zone and from Tehulederie Woreda in South Wello Zone to Merto Lemariyam Town in East Gojam Zone. 

Between 15-17 November, an inter-agency team conducted assessments in Debre Berhan Town in North Shewa Zone in Amhara to gauge the humanitarian and access situation and inform on the humanitarian response, following large-scale displacement to the town. Most of the displaced population are living with the host community, while an estimated 9,000 people are sheltering in six schools. Additional displacements are reported daily. Many people arriving in to Debre Berhan and several other areas in North Shewa Zone were displaced several times and as a result increasing their vulnerability. 

In the four IDP sites visited, the team noted a lack of water supply for drinking, cooking, and washing, lack of non-food items, and inadequate sanitation facilities. While most IDPs in camp setting have received food assistance from the government and communities, IDPs in host communities and rural areas have not. Partners are on the ground to support the response but there is an urgent need to scale up the response in a coordinated manner especially with NFIs, WASH, health, protection, and education assistance to address current needs and potential new needs as IDP influx continues. 

Access remains the main challenge for humanitarian partners to reach people with life-saving assistance in many parts of Northern Ethiopia. For example, in Amhara, only three woredas, out of 18 in North Wello Zone, and only one out of the nine Woredas in Wag Hamra Zone are currently accessible to humanitarian partners. The ongoing hostilities have caused significant damages to civilian infrastructure and public services across the three regions. According to a recent rapid assessment, fighting has damaged more than 500 health facilities across Amhara, depriving a large segment of the population healthcare services. Health care providers are also displaced, further worsening the already fragile health system.

On 24 November, UNHAS flights to Mekelle resumed following their suspension on 22 October. As a result, UN and humanitarian partners were able to rotate staff in and out of Tigray and transfer a limited amount of operational cash. However, humanitarian partners on the ground continue to report significant challenges to their operation due to cash shortages.

Almost 420,000 IDPs living in 131 IDP sites in Tigray, require more than 6,200 m3 of water every day through 313 water truck trips. This operation requires 2,200 liter of fuel per day. However, humanitarian partners had to significantly reduce response programs and activities due to lack of fuel. Out of 46 WASH partners, only 11 partners are operating in 22 woredas in Mekelle, Central, South-Eastern, and Eastern zones.

On 17 November, an inter-agency team visited Sheraro and Adi Hageray Woredas in North-Western Tigray. The mission identified food shortage in the 14 IDP sites in Sheraro and found that only two of the four hospitals in the area are operational, but with severe shortages of essential medicines and medical supplies. In Adi Hageray, there is no availability of sustainable water supply with residents reportedly traveling 20 kilometers to fetch water. Water supply in the three IDP sites in town, totaling about 10,000 people, is also scarce. 

In Afar Region, renewed fighting in Awsi and Hari zones, bordering Amhara region, reportedly displaced tens of thousands of people. The ongoing fighting is preventing humanitarian partners from reaching the affected population. The closure of Dessie and Kombolcha markets in Amhara is negatively impacting livelihoods, including the livestock market, and subsequently the food security situation in Afar.  For instance, price for cereals, rose rapidly by 20-25 per cent in two months. The destruction of the electricity transmitter in Kombolcha has disrupted both electricity and water supplies in Semera, Dubti and Logia towns. Most Government offices in the region are closed or providing limitedl services.

UNICEF reported that the conflict has affected 455 schools with more than 88,000 students across 13 Woredas in the Afar Region, including more than 35,000 girls. Out of the affected schools, 98 schools are hosting IDPs, or are partially damaged or looted. Some 214 schools, all in Zone 4, are closed due to active fighting. As a result, more than 30,000 students, including more than 11,000 girls, are forced to stay out of school. The conflict has also destroyed 45 schools. 

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Visual

Humanitarian Access in northern Ethiopia

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Tigray Humanitarian Operational Capacity

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Emergency Response

Humanitarian Preparedness and Response

In Tigray, partners continue to reduce their operations due to the lack of cash, fuel, and supplies. However, they continue to respond to the most urgent needs with the limited resources available. Food partners were able to assist a limited number of people in few prioritized locations in Tigray during the reporting period. Since mid-October, 157,000 people have been assisted with food. IDPs and host community are provided with emergency shelter and/or NFIs reaching only 35 per cent of the 2.4 million people targeted in Tigray since the start of the year. Thousands of children were reached with alternative learning programs in major towns across the region during the reporting period.

At a reduced capacity, health partners continued to provide lifesaving healthcare services through direct support to health facilities or through mobile health and nutrition teams in 16 woredas across Tigray Region. Sixteen Mobile Health and Nutrition Teams (MHNTs) are operational in the region, down from 47 in September.

In Amhara, initial assessments of the humanitarian warehouses in Kombolcha last week revealed damaged equipment, vandalized storage units, and substantial amounts of food looted. Despite these losses, food partners started a food assistance operation on 23 November to reach more than 450,000 people in Dessie and Kombolcha over the next two weeks. Nutrition partners are scaling up their activities by increased screening of children and pregnant and lactating women, treatment for malnutrition, and prepositioned nutrition stocks and feeding commodities in different zones in the region. Four mobile MHNTs deployed to Debre Berhan to provide services to IDPs.

In Afar, nutrition partners conducted a large-scale screening across the region, reaching nearly 84 per cent of the targeted children under five (more than 238,500 children). More than 96 per cent of the targeted pregnant and nursing women (more than 71,000 women) were screened for malnutrition across the region. Partners dispatched nutrition and feeding commodities to Semera sufficient to treat 4,000 severely malnourished children (SAM) in Afar region for the next two months. MHNTs are deployed in 25 Woredas in Afar providing emergency health and nutrition services.

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Emergency Response

Funding Update

The cumulative funding gap for both the Mid-Year Review of the Humanitarian Response Plan and the revised Northern Ethiopia Response Plan stands at more than $1.3 billion. An estimated $613 million has been mobilized towards the Northern Ethiopia Response Plan, and $490 million for response towards the Mid-Year Review Humanitarian Response Plan. However, this is far from sufficient to cover the increasing humanitarian needs.

Since the beginning of the year, $73.5 million have been received in firm contributions to the Ethiopia Humanitarian Fund (EHF) from 10 donors. Thanks to new contributions received since the beginning of October, the current fund balance stands at $11 million in confirmed funding. Continued support from donors is urgently required to enable humanitarian partners delivering assistance in conflict and natural disasters-affected regions across the country. Overall, the OCHA-managed pooled funds (the EHF and the Central Emergency Response Fund-CERF) have allocated to date a total of $106.9 million to Ethiopia humanitarian response in 2021. A new joint EHF and CERF allocation is ongoing.

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Feature
major gaps-38- nov 25

CLUSTER INPUTS

Humanitarian partners continue to face challenges and operational constraints in delivering assistance across northern Ethiopia. Below are some common areas of concern, which were reported this week from across the clusters. Cluster-specific gaps are included following to the cross-cutting gaps. 

Gaps: (all clusters) 

  • Insufficient amount of cash in Tigray to pay salaries for staff, including teachers, health workers, and contractors to implement humanitarian programs.

  • Insufficient amount of humanitarian supplies entering Tigray, including food and medicines due to bureaucratic impediments. 

  • Insufficient amount of fuel in Tigray to transport supplies, distribute food, water, and other life-saving assistance, relocate displaced people from schools, and improve IDP sites, forcing partners to halt or significantly reduce operations. 

  • Limited or no access to some areas due to ongoing fighting and insecurity

  • Low funding levels amidst the large number of IDPs in northern Ethiopia and mounting needs.

  • Lack of electricity and telecommunications in Tigray and parts of Amhara and Afar causing delay or lack of reporting and information on the situation. 

  • Limited presence of partners in some areas of northern Ethiopia due to lack of financial resources and capacity.

  • Lack of commercial commodities in the private market in northern Ethiopia leading to price increase.

  • Insufficient storage capacity and transportation of commodities in Amhara.

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Cluster Status

Agriculture

Needs

  • Strengthening of control operations for Desert Locust in infected areas in Tigray and Afar.

  • Support for irrigation farming, seed multiplication and provision of vegetable seeds, livestock vaccination and feed, veterinary services, cash, income-generating activities, and support agricultural facilities damaged and looted due to the conflict in northern Ethiopia.  

  • Agriculture support for 1.5 million people in need in Amhara, including 200,000 households for irrigation support, out of a total of four million people requiring agricultural support by the end of the year. 

  • Providing animal vaccines and medications with reported animal diseases in Tigray.

Response

Gaps

  • Lack of equipment, sprayers, pesticides to effectively control Desert Locust infestation and other agricultural diseases in Tigray. 

  • Shortage of labour for the harvest as most young people left their districts in Tigray.

  • Lack of hand tools for harvesting hindering mobilizing labour from towns and IDP centers in Tigray.

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Cluster Status

Camp Coordination and Camp Management

Needs

  • Food, non-food items, cooking energy, milling support, drinking water, dignity kits, medications, and scholastic materials for the displaced children at IDP sites across northern Ethiopia. 

  • Safe and dignified relocations of IDPs from schools to alternative shelters across northern Ethiopia. 

  • Additional spaces to reduce the risk of communicable diseases, including COVID-19, and to provide privacy and protection and critical medications for people with chronic diseases at IDP sites across northern Ethiopia and support mechanisms to people living with disabilities

  • Latrines desludging at IDP sites in Tigray.

  • Lack of critical medications for people with chronic diseases and skin infection at IDP sites in Tigray.

Response

  • 129 pregnant women and 77 people, including 52 women, at IDPs sites in Mekelle received non-food items. 

  • More than 1,800 people, including more than 1,200 women participated in COVID-19 awareness sessions in IDPs sites in Mekelle. 

  • Medical ointments provided for people with scabies in IDP sites in Shire. During the reporting period, 675 new cases of scabies, including 438 women and girls, reported in six IDP sites in Shire, Tigray, double the cases from the week earlier.

  • Camp management and psychosocial counselling training conducted for 33 IDP committee members and authorities in Adigrat, Tigray.  

Gaps

  • Lack of land, and construction materials in the local market, to construct alternative shelters for IDPs in Tigray.

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Cluster Status

Education

Needs

  • Access to education of an estimated 2.7 million children in northern Ethiopia is affected by destroyed/damaged schools and IDPs sheltering in schools.

  • Renovation of schools damaged or looted and clearance from explosive ordinance across northern Ethiopia.  

  • Awareness raising on landmines and explosive ordinance at schools.  

  • Scholastic materials, energy biscuits and school feeding, uniforms for students and psychosocial support for students and teachers across northern Ethiopia.

  • Alternative learning and recreational activities, and resilience programmes for children. 

  • WASH facilities and COVID-19 preventive measures at schools.  

Response

  • About 11,600 children, including nearly 5,800 girls, reached with alternative learning programmes in Mekelle, Shire, Axum and Adwa, Tigray.

  • 235 facilitators, including 127 women, received training on child-centred pedagogy, COVID-19 safety protocol and psychosocial support across Tigray.

  • 700 children aged 7 will graduate from pre-school programme this week in Shire and were linked with formal primary schools. 

  • 55 radios devices and outdoor play materials for recreational activities and play based learning were distributed to five education facilities within the IDP sites in Shire. 

  • Meals provided to 4,280 pre-school children in IDP sites in Shire.

  • In Debre Berhan Town in Amhara, more than 1,630 non-IDP children, including 1,142 girls, received scholastic materials, 325 non-IDP girls received emergency school feeding support, 300 non-IDP children reached with alternative learning program and 268 non- IDP teachers received training.

  • Thirty (30) teachers received training on effective instruction and inclusive learning at Chilga 1, Chilga 2, East Denbila and West Denbia, Amhara.

Gaps

  • Movement restrictions due to insecurity and communications blackout, especially in Berhalle, Koneba and Megale areas in Afar.

  • Power shortage and closure of the Regional Education Bureaus and Government offices in Afar lead to the suspension of most of education projects. 

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Cluster Status

Emergency Shelter & Non-Food Items

Needs

  • Adequate shelters and NFIs for IDPs living in highly congested and substandard living conditions and relocation of IDPs from schools to adequate alternative shelters across northern Ethiopia.

  • Provision of emergency shelter and NFIs to newly displaced people across the three regions.

  • Rental assistance schemes or other arrangements for IDPs living in host communities.

  • Alternative shelters for IDPs from Western Zone in Tigray living in primary schools across the region.

  • Shelter and NFI assistance for IDPs willing to return to areas of origin, and for IDPs currently living in the host community in Tigray.

  • According to the recent revised Northern Ethiopia Response, 2.4 million people are targeted for Shelter/NFIs in Tigray till the end of the year down from about 2.8 million in May. 

Response

  • Between January and 22 November, 819, 000 people, including about 418,000 women and girls or 35 per cent of the 2.4 million people targeted, reached with ES/NFI assistance in Tigray.

  • 460 households reached with in-kind emergency shelter kits in Axum, Tigray.

  • In Amhara, nearly 20,500 people reached with ES/NFI items. 

Gaps

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Cluster Status

Food

Needs

  • More than 8 million people are estimated to be in need of food assistance in Northern Ethiopia. 

  • Increased number of people from the host community in need of food assistance in the three regions.

  • Maintain timely and sustained food assistance including sustained flow of fuel, cash and supplies in Tigray

  • Food assistance will be required at least up to next year’s harvest season during the last quarter of 2022 in Tigray, as the agricultural planting season was missed in some parts of the region. 

  • In Amhara, more than 5 million people are food insecure.  2.6 million people to be assisted in North Wollo, Wag Hamra, West Gojam and South Gondar zones, and 650,000 people to be assisted in North Gondar zone. 

Response

  • Between 11 -17 November, 2,763 people were assisted with food under Round 2 in Saharti, South- Eastern Zone, Tigray. 

  • Under Round 3, which started in mid-October, and between 11 -17 November, about 68,000 people were assisted in Raya Alamata town, Southern Zone and Zana town in North-Western zone. This is only 7.8 per cent of the at least 870,000 people to be assisted on average per week to serve 5,2 million people within a six-week cycle. 

  • Since mid-October, nearly 157,000 people have been assisted with food in Zana, North-Western Zone, Zata, Southern Zone and Raya Alamata, Southern Zone as of 17 November.

  • In Amhara, and under Round 3, JEOP assisted additional 43,435 people in Meket Woreda in North Wollo Zone. In total, food partners assisted more than 948,000 people under Round 3 in Amhara.  

  • Under Round 4, food partners reached 157,704 people during the reporting period, making the total number of people assisting to 179,333 people. 

  • In Afar, 3,729 people received food assistance in Berahile Woreda in Zone 2, increasing the number of people assisted under Round 4 to 51,180 people. Partners will assist 534,000 people in zones 1, 2 and 4 with food.

Gaps

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Cluster Status

Health

Needs

  • An estimated 888,000 children (6-59 months) in Tigray and more than 360,000 children in Amhara need polio oral vaccination. 790,000 children need measles vaccination in Tigray.

  • Nearly 30,000 HIV patients’ treatment is interrupted due to ongoing conflict and damages to health facilities in Amhara.

  • Essential medical equipment, supplies, vaccines, and medicines including cholera kits, interagency emergency health kits (IEHKs), malaria and scabies medicines, SAM kits, and reproductive health kits needed in Tigray.

  • Disease surveillance in Tigray indicate high cases of malaria, dysentery, and scabies. Medications for those disease are also needed.

  • More than 500 health facilities, and 1,706 health posts are damaged and/or looted due to the conflict in Amhara Region.

Response

  • Sixteen health partners continued to provide lifesaving healthcare services through direct support to health facilities or through mobile health and nutrition teams in 16 woredas in Mekelle, Central, and North-Western zones in Tigray, down from 25 woredas a week earlier.

  • Sixteen MHNTs are currently operational in Tigray down from almost 47 teams in September.

  • Nearly 23,000 people in Tigray, including more than 13,000 women and girls, received different health services, including outpatient consultations, mental health, health education, and reproductive health services. 

  • In Amhara, several health facilities resumed services. This includes Nefas Mewucha Hospital and 10 health centers in South Gonder, Meket Hospital and three health centers in North Wello, and two health centers in North Gonder. 

  • Mental health and psychosocial service provided at Zenzelema IDP site in Amhara.

  • More than 800 children under five provided with Vitamin A supplementation and more than 700 pregnant women received iron folic acid in Amhara.

Gaps

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Cluster Status

Logistics

Needs

  • Improved access and security as well as additional access routes to transport the required humanitarian supplies within and into northern Ethiopia.

  • Warehouse capacity in Semera is 100 per cent full. Additional warehouse is needed to accommodate incoming cargo till dispatching supplies to Tigray once the movement restrictions are lifted.

Response

  • Currently, 160 Logistics Cluster facilitated trucks of 40 MT each on behalf of 17 partners are awaiting in Semera to be dispatched to Tigray. Four Logistics Cluster trucks on behalf of one partner headed back to Addis Ababa.

  • An additional 1,800 m2 of warehouse storage space acquired in Addis Ababa to accommodate the increased needs of storage for partners due to ongoing slowdown of cargo movement into northern Ethiopia.

  • Storage capacity of warehouse in Semera increased, with an additional 1,000 m². 

  • Two warehouses in Gonder and Kombolcha in Amhara with a total storage capacity of 3,040 m². 

  • The Logistics Cluster supported one partner to transport of 220 MT from Addis Ababa to Gondar, Amhara.

Gaps

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Cluster Status

Nutrition

Needs

  • An estimated 1.6 million children under five years and pregnant and lactating women in Tigray and an estimated 1.4 million in Amhara and an estimated 80,000 in Afar need malnutrition preventative and treatment interventions. 

Response

  • In Tigray, more than 28,000 children under five years were screened for malnutrition during the reporting period, out of whom 777 children or 2.8 per cent were diagnosed with Severe Acute Malnutrition (SAM) and more than 5,600 or about 20 per cent were diagnosed with Moderate Acute Malnutrition (MAM). 

  • More than 18,800 pregnant and nursing women screened last week, of whom more than 11,600 or 69 per cent were diagnosed with malnutrition.

  • More than 4,000 children under five years received Vitamin A supplementation and 760 pregnant women received Iron and Folic Acid supplementation in Tigray last week. 

  • As seen in the graph below, there is a slight decrease in proxy Global Acute Malnutrition rate (GAM) in Tigray from 32 per cent in Week 42 to 20 per cent in Week 45. This is not associated with any improvement in the nutrition situation but reflects the constraint on the programme activity at this time due to lack of cash and fuel. 

  • In Amhara, more than 13,200 children under five years were screened for malnutrition of whom 60 children or about 0.5 per cent were diagnosed with SAM and 448 or 3.4 per cent with MAM.

  • More than 13,240 cartons of Ready-to-Use Therapeutic Food (RUTF) and more than 302 cartons of therapeutic milks for treatment for SAM (enough for two months) prepositioned in different zones in Amhara. 

  • About 760 cartons of high energy biscuits prepositioned in Debre Berhan and Bahir Dar cities in Amhara.

  • Four mobile MHNTs deployed to Debre Berhan to provide services to IDPs.

  • 120 MT of supplementary feeding commodities dispatched to Gondar.

  • In Afar, through the find and treat screening assessment across the region, more than 238,500 children under five years (83.6 per cent of the targeted children) screened for malnutrition. Out of the screened children, more than 5,100 or 2.1 per cent were diagnosed with SAM and nearly 61,200 children or 25.7 per cent were screened for MAM. The overall proxy GAM rate was 27.8 per cent. SAM cases were referred to outpatient treatment, while MAM cases were referred to feeding programs. 

  • More than 71,300 pregnant and nursing women (96 per cent of the target) were screened for malnutrition across the Afar Region. More than 32,350 women or about 45 per cent were diagnosed with malnutrition. Women with acute malnutrition were referred to supplementary feeding program.  

  • More than 4,000 cartons of RUTF dispatched to Semera, Afar, to serve for the next two months. This can treat more than 4,000 children with SAM. 

  • In the last two weeks, 670 cartons of RUTF distributed to health facilities in Afar.

  • MHNTs are providing emergency health and nutrition service in 25 Woredas in Afar.

Gaps

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Trend of proxy SAM and GAM in children under 5 in Tigray (June-November 2021)

Trend of proxy SAM and GAM in children under 5 (Jun - Nov 2021)

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Cluster Status

Protection

Needs

  • Provision of protection services at IDP sites across northern Ethiopia.

  • NFIs, including aid devices for persons with disability, and dignity kits for women and girls across northern Ethiopia.

  • Comprehensive gender-based violence (GBV) services mapping and localized referral mechanisms, health services for survivors, risk mitigation and prevention activities in northern Ethiopia.

  • Scale up child protection services and referrals in all the three regions.

  • Identifications and documentation of unaccompanied and separated children and alternative care arrangement in Tigray.

  • Material support (tents, recreational kits) to establish and strengthening new and existing child friendly spaces at IDP sites across northern Ethiopia. 

  • Mine action awareness for school openings and voluntary return of IDPs to their homes in Tigray.

Response

  • Core relief items distributed to IDPs and most vulnerable communities in Korem and Ofla Woredas, Southern Zone, Tigray.

  • Nearly 1,300 children, including 721 girls, were identified and documented for protection service in Mekelle, Shire, Enderta, Axum, Adwa, Adigrat, Maichew, RayaAzebo, Deguatembien and Chercher in Tigray.  

  • 310 unaccompanied and separated children (USAC), including 195 girls, identified and documented in Mekelle, Seharti, Adigrat, Adwa, Axum, Maichew, RayaAzebo and Chercher in Tigray during the reporting period.    

  • More than 1,900 children, including more than 957 girls, received mental and psychosocial services in Mekelle, Enderta, Maichew, Adigrat, Adwa, Axum, and Shire in Tigray.

  • Nearly 5,000 people, including more than 3,400 women, reached with child protection communication messages in Tigray

  • Nearly 500 girls and 330 women of reproductive age received dignity kits in Tigray.

  • 560 children under the age of 17, including 355 girls, as well as more than 4,000 women, and 1,400 men, engaged with awareness raising and messaging for GBV prevention and risk mitigation.

  • Sixty-two people, including 43 women, received training to identify, prevent and respond to child protection cases in Mekelle, Shire, Axum, Adwa, Enderta, Maichew, RayaAzebo and Chercher in Tigray.

  • 3,600 dignity kits delivered to local authorities for distribution at IDPs sites in Afar. 

Gaps

  • Insufficient protection services, notably GBV case management and mental health and psychosocial support services and absence of child protection services in some areas across northern Ethiopia.

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Cluster Status

Water, Sanitation and Hygiene (WASH)

Needs

  • Completion of WASH facilities in Mekelle Town, Eastern, Central and North-Western zones of Tigray.

  • Rehabilitation of sanitation facilities at schools used to shelter IDPs after their relocation across northern Ethiopia.

  • Adequate provision of WASH services to prevent disease outbreaks at IDP sites across northern Ethiopia.

  • WASH NFIs, and hygiene kits to IDPs living in shelters and with host communities.

  • Installation of water storage tankers after being delivered to IDP sites in Amhara.

  • In Tigray, about 418,000 IDPs living in 131 IDP sites requires 6,269 m3 of water daily or 313 water truck trips. This need 2200 liter of fuel.

  • 9,283 water points or more than 54 per cent of the 17,080 water points in Tigray are not functional affecting more than 3.5 million people without having access to safe drinking water. Provision of fixing and maintaining water points is required.

Response

  • More than 1.2 million people have been reached through emergency water supply in Tigray since April.

  • During the reporting week, more than 33,000 people reached with 3,492 m3 of water in Adwa, Hawzen and Mekelle towns, Tigray. 

  • Nearly 28,500 people reached with safe drinking water after rehabilitation of durable water points in South-Eastern, Southern and Central zones in Tigray.

  • About 190,000 people benefited from sanitation facilities including latrine, bathing, and handwashing facilities in Tigray.

  • More than 586,000 people reached with WASH NFIs including soap in response to Scabies risks in Tigray.

  • More than 7,000 households in Eastern Zone in Tigray received water treatment chemicals.

  • More than 186,000 people reached with sanitation and hygiene messages in Tigray.

  • In Amhara, partners constructed 80 trench latrine seats, 14 shower rooms, two water tank installations and six solid waste disposal pits at Ebinat IDP site, South Gonder Zone, 40 trench latrines seats Zenzelema IDP site, and 12 shower rooms and six trench latrine seats in Debark IDP site. 

  • Partners continue to provide water trucking in Ebinat, South Gonder Zone and Amdework town, Wag Hemra Zone. More than 4,650 people received water in four IDP sites in Debre Berhan, North Shewa Zone. 

  • In Afar, partners supplied fuel for 12 boreholes in Logia town.

Gaps

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