Ethiopia - Northern Ethiopia Humanitarian Update

Situation Report

Highlights

  • All-time lowest food distribution in Tigray as stock and fuel almost entirely exhausted reaching only about 10,000 people between 6-12 January.
  • More than 578,000 people reached with food assistance under two food distribution rounds in Amhara during the reporting week.
  • About 377,000 people or about 71 per cent of the 534,000 targeted population, reached with food assistance under the current food distribution in Afar, as of 16 January.
  • More than 145,000 children received measles vaccination in Tigray so far, but the campaign faces challenges including lack of fuel, cash, and cold chain capacity.
  • An estimated hundreds of thousands of internally displaced persons have returned to their places of origin in Amhara.
Ethiopia
The boundaries and names shown and the designations used on this map do not imply official endorsement or acceptance by the United Nations. © OCHA

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Ethiopia - Northern Ethiopia Humanitarian Update

Situation Report

Key Figures

9.4M
People targeted in Amhara, Afar and Tigray
63,110
Refugees in Sudan since 7 November

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Funding

$957M
Requirements Northern Ethiopia
$337.5
Outstanding gap

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Contacts

Hayat Abu Saleh

Head, Strategic Communications Unit, Ethiopia

Saviano Abreu

Head of Communications, Eastern and Southern Africa

Ethiopia - Northern Ethiopia Humanitarian Update

Situation Report
Background

Disclaimer

OCHA Ethiopia prepares this report with the support of Cluster Coordinators. The data/information collected covers the period from 11-17 January 2022. In some cases, access and communication constraints mean that updates for the period are delayed and cannot be reflected. The next issue of the sitrep will be published on 27 January 2022. 

 

 

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Results from the Northern Ethiopia Response Plan (since 1 May)

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Ethiopia - Northern Ethiopia Humanitarian Update

Situation Report
Background

Situation Overview

The situation in northern Ethiopia remains tense and fluid with reported clashes in some areas in Amhara along the border with Tigray in North Gondar, Wag Hemra, North and South Wello, and North Shewa zones. Fighting was also reported along Afar and Tigray border areas. Drone strikes reported on 15 January against Maychew, Korem in Samre towns in Southern and South-Eastern zones in Tigray reportedly killing a dozen of civilians and injuring several others. Another airstrike reported on 13 January on two stationary vehicles in May Tsebri town, in North-Western Zone, with no reported casualties.  The hostilities are putting the civilian lives at risk and hindering humanitarian access and delivery of aid to those affected areas. 

Returns of internally displaced persons (IDPs) to their places of origin in Amhara continue to be reported during the week, with an estimated hundreds of thousands of people have already returned. Mapping of return locations, confirming the number of people returned, and assessing damages in return areas are ongoing.  In Tigray, partners supported the return of more than 8,000 IDPs to their villages and towns in Central and Eastern zones during the reporting week. About 5,000 people from Dedebit IDP site in North-Western Zone were relocated to Selekleka on 15 January due to security concerns following an airstrike on the site a week earlier that reportedly killed scores of IDPs. 

On the other hand, displacement continued to be reported in northern Ethiopia. Between 8-14 January, few thousand people were displaced from North Gondar Zone in Amhara and several hundred people from North-Western zone in Tigray. The displaced people who arrived in Debark Town in North Gondar are in urgent need of non-food items including sanitation and hygiene, medical services, livelihood support, , cash, food, shelter, protection, technical and potable water. More than 200 people arrived in Mekelle from Zelambasa in Eastern Zone.

The transport of humanitarian supplies into Tigray, via the Semera-Abala-Mekelle corridor, remain on halt since 14 December due to the ongoing fighting in Abala. Meanwhile, 68 trucks of humanitarian supplies are in the dry port in Semera waiting to proceed to Mekelle. This includes more than 2,400 metric tons (MT) of food, nutrition, WASH, NFI, health, and protection items such as dignity kits for women and adolescent girls. Trucks are offloaded in the warehouse in Semera until convoys’ movement resumes. Overall, 1,338 trucks have entered the region since 12 July, which represents less than 10 per cent of the required supplies needed to meet the vast scale of humanitarian needs of 5.2 million people, or 90 per cent of the population in Tigray.  

Four tankers carrying more than 155,000 liters of fuel are also awaiting approvals in Semera. No fuel for humanitarian operations has been allowed into Tigray since 2 August, except for two WFP trucks. As partners are unable to receive sufficient fuel loans locally, they have no choice but to reduce, postpone or cancel critical distributions such as food, medicine, and nutrition interventions.  

Consequently, the scale of food distributions has reached an all-time low in Tigray as food stocks and fuel have almost been entirely exhausted.  Food assistance partners are facing severe fuel shortages with less than 5,000 litres of fuel (excluding contingency stock) available as of 18 January. Partners who had been forced to suspend dispatch more than a month ago were only able to resume on 15 January with some limited amount of fuel they received locally.   Other partners have suspended food dispatch as their transporters could no longer access fuel locally. As of 18 January, partners reported around 1,200 MT of food commodities available within Tigray, out of which, there is only enough stock to feed around 28,400 people with a complete three-commodity common food basket for one round. WFP reported that stocks of nutritionally fortified food for the treatment of malnourished children and women are now exhausted, while the last cereals, pulses and oil are distributed. 

In Afar, a field mission was conducted between 12-14 January to Erebti, Berhale and Dallol Woredas in Zone 2 to assess humanitarian access and the needs of IDPs. There is an estimated 15,000 IDPs in Dallol who are staying with host communities and an estimated 2,000 IDPs -mainly women and children- live in two government buildings in Erebti. In Berhale, an estimated 42,000 IDPs live with host communities or are renting accommodation and more than 5,000 IDPs live in a government building. The IDPs and the host communities who have exhausted their resources need humanitarian assistance. Humanitarian response is significantly low in Afar due to insecurity and lack of access in some areas, low presence of partners, and lack of funding. 

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Ethiopia - Northern Ethiopia Humanitarian Update

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Humanitarian Access in northern Ethiopia

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Tigray Humanitarian Operational Capacity

Overview Page Humanitarian Operational Capacity Tigray

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Emergency Response

Humanitarian Preparedness and Response

The humanitarian preparedness and response operations in Northern Ethiopia continue to be significantly restricted by several factors, including conflict and bureaucratic impediments such as the inability to bring sufficient supplies, fuel, and cash to Tigray, the high number of people in need, limited access to people in hard-to-reach areas due to insecurity, limited presence of partners on the ground, especially in Afar, and lack of funding. 

The measles campaign launched during the first week of January in Mekelle and another 8 towns across Tigray region targeting more than 767,000 children, aged between 6 and 59 months, is ongoing, reaching more than 145,000 children to date. Health partners report that the campaign is facing serious challenges including lack of fuel, cash, cold chain capacity, vehicles, and limited number of health care workers.

Twelve health partners continue to provide healthcare services to the affected population through the provision of direct support to health facilities or through mobile health and nutrition teams in Mekelle, Central, North-Western, and South-Eastern zones in Tigray, reaching more than 10,000 people with outpatient consultations and about 7,500 people with mental health and psychosocial services during the reporting week. 

Despite the very limited resources, more than 15,000 IDP children, of which more than half are girls, have received non-formal alternative learning programs in Mekelle, Adwa and Axum, Wukro and Endabaganu IDP sites, in Tigray, while about 5,000 children received learning and recreational materials in Mekelle and Shire IDP sites. According to local authorities, 80 per cent of primary schools in Tigray are now open with about 70 per cent enrolment (90 per cent enrolment in urban areas and 40 per cent in rural areas). In Amhara, back to school campaign started in North Gondar, South Gondar, Wag Hemra, and Oromo zones with 1,765 schools opened.

UNHAS continues to operate two flights per week between Addis Ababa and Mekelle in Tigray. No humanitarian workers were cleared to travel by road from Semera to Mekelle since 28 October. A limited amount of operational cash was transferred on UNHAS flights, but this remains below the amount of cash needed to support operations and programs and provide a meaningful response at the required scale. The limit of ETB 2 million per agency per week remains in effect. 

Between 6-12 January, about 10,500 people were reached with food assistance in Adet and Naeder woredas in Tigray under the current food distribution cycle. Cumulatively, partners have assisted about 495,000 people in Tigray in the last three months (from mid-October-12 January) under the current round, whereas 870,000 people need to be reached every week so that the 5.2 million people targeted receive food during the six weeks food distribution cycle. 

In Amhara, more than 578,000 people reached with food assistance during the week under two food distribution rounds (325,000 under Round 4 and more than 253,000 people with food under Round 5). Cumulatively, as of 16 January, about 2.9 million people have been reached with food under Round 4 distributions, launched on 21 October 2021, and more than 2.1 million people have been reached under Round 5 distribution launched on 20 December. Agriculture partners dispatched about 70 MT of wheat seeds to be distributed to farmers in South Wello while more than 1.5 MT of onion and 0.4 MT of tomato seeds were distributed in North Wello, South Wello, North Shewa and Oromo zones. More than 40,000 people received emergency shelter and non-food items during the reporting period in Amhara, bringing the total number of people reached to more than 612,000 people as of 9 January. 

In Afar, more than 47,000 people were reached with food assistance in Fanti Rasu and Kilbati Rasu zones. In total, 377,000 people or 71 per cent of the people targeted for food assistance in zones 1, 2 and 4 were reached by 16 January. Thirty mobile health and nutrition teams continue to provide essential nutrition services in remote and conflict-affected communities in Afar, while emergency nutrition program commenced in three conflict-affected woredas of Gulina, Erebti and Dallol. 

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Ethiopia - Northern Ethiopia Humanitarian Update

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Emergency Response

Funding Update

The cumulative funding gap for both the 2021 Mid-Year Review of the Humanitarian Response Plan and the 2021 revised Northern Ethiopia Response Plan stands at US$1.2 billion. An estimated $618.6 million has been mobilized towards the Northern Ethiopia Response Plan, and $655.6 million for response towards the Mid-Year Review Humanitarian Response Plan. However, this is far from sufficient to cover the increasing humanitarian needs.

At the start of 2022, the Ethiopia Humanitarian Fund (EHF) carried over a balance of $3.8 million from the previous year, after committing $24.3 million for the 2021 second standard allocation.  An additional $8 million is received in confirmed pledges from the governments of Canada, Germany, Sweden, and Switzerland in the new year, which increased the EHF fund balance to $11.8 million. The continued support from donors demonstrates efforts to mobilize resources to enable humanitarian partners delivering assistance in conflict and natural disasters-affected areas across the country. 

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Inter-sectoral gaps

Major gaps 13 Jan 2022-01

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Cluster Status

Agriculture

Needs

  • Agricultural support needed for 3.7 million people in Tigray, 1.8 million people in Amhara, and 1.1 million people in Afar in 2021. This includes provision of seeds, irrigation schemes, and livestock interventions (animal health services and provision of supplementary animal feed).

  • Support to develop an effective control of Desert Locust infestation and other agricultural diseases  in Tigray and Afar regions. 

  • Scale-up animal health services to protect livestock assets, maximizing dry season vegetable production, seed multiplication and supporting farmers to properly save seed in Tigray, Amhara and Afar.

  • Rehabilitation and/or restoration of 100 partially damaged veterinary clinics across Tigray.

  • Provide emergency seeds pack (cereals, legumes, vegetables, and maize) and fertilizer to 323,000 farm households (1.62 million people); animal feed provision and seed support to 88,000 farmers (440,000 people) in Tigray.

  • Nearly 37,000 MT of seeds required for food production and more than 6,000 MT for multiplication in Tigray.

Response

  • In Amhara, about 70 MT of wheat seeds will be distributed to farmers in South Wello.

  • About 1.6 MT of onion and 0.4 MT of tomato seeds have been distributed in North Wello, South Wello, North Shewa and Oromo zones, Amhara.

Gaps

  • Limited transporters and trucks to deliver seeds to the respective areas in Amhara. 

  • Lack of disaggregated data for the distributed inputs for better targeting in Amhara. 

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Cluster Status

Camp Coordination and Camp Management

Needs

  • 1.8 million people in Tigray need CCCM support.

  • Lack of critical medications for people with chronic diseases and skin infections at IDP sites in Tigray.

  • Support for safe and dignified relocations of IDPs from schools to alternative shelters and voluntary returns in all northern Ethiopia. 

  • Provision of protection support to IDPs from evictions across the three regions due to reopening of schools. 

  • Food, non-food items, firewood, cooking oil, milling support, drinking water, dignity kits, blankets, mattresses, kitchen sets, medication, and school materials for the displaced children at IDP sites across northern Ethiopia. 

  • Latrines desludging at IDP sites in Tigray and Amhara.

  • Additional space to reduce the risk of communicable diseases, including COVID-19, and to provide privacy, protection, and critical medication for people with chronic diseases at IDP sites across northern Ethiopia and support mechanisms to people living with disabilities.

Response

  • More than 5,000 IDPs from Dedebit IDP site were relocated to Selekleka following the airstrikes on the site on 7 January.  

  • 4,149 IDPs (2,350 households) who have voluntarily elected to return from Mekelle to their places of origin in Central and Eastern zones have received assistance. To date, 5,294 individuals (3,198 households) have returned in five convoys since 8 December from Mekelle to South-Eastern, Central and Eastern zones. 

  • Ongoing mobilization to assist 219 people (43 households) who arrived in Mekelle from Zelambasa in Eastern Zone have been placed in Adishmdhun site.  

Gaps

  • Lack of partners in Amhara considering ongoing returns.

  • Strengthening capacity by training for CCCM partners to improve implementation and reporting.

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Cluster Status

Education

Needs

  • Reconstruction and rehabilitation of schools damaged during the conflict: 4,107 schools in Amhara (25 per cent completely damaged), affecting more than 1.8 million children; 203 schools in Afar were damaged (32 per cents completely damaged), affecting more than 150,000 students and more than 1,000 schools were damaged or looted in Tigray affecting an estimated 160,000 students.  Renovation of 660 schools and four colleges that were severely damaged, and 3,446 other schools were that were partially damaged in Amhara.

  • Provision of WASH facilities and access to clean water in affected schools in northern Ethiopia, 

  • Scholastic material and education supplies for 550,000 children in Tigray and 980,000 children in Amhara.

  • School feeding for 345,000 children in Tigray and more than 675,000 children in Amhara. 

  • Psychosocial support for 4,400 teachers in Tigray and about 117,000 teachers in Amhara.

  • Provision of 167 Temporary Learning Spaces in Tigray.

  • Increased access to alternative learning programs for 30,000 IDP children in Tigray and about 27,000 IDP children in the Amhara region.

Response

  • In Tigray, 15,456 IDP children, including 7,769 girls, were reached with non-formal alternative learning programs in Mekelle, Adwa and Axum, Wukro and Endabaganu IDP sites. About 5,000 children, including more than 2,480 girls, received learning and recreational materials in Mekelle and Shire IDP sites. 

  • In Amhara, a back to school campaign started in North Gondar, South Gondar, Wag Hemra, and Oromo zones with 1,765 schools opened.

  • Also in Amhara, learning, recreation, and stationary materials, including tents to be used as temporary learning centers, blackboards, chalks, learning kits, as well as energy biscuits, were distributed to students at IDP sites and host community schools benefiting 5,923 children in North Shewa Zone.

Gaps

  • Insecurity hampering some schools from opening in parts of Amhara, Afar, and Tigray. 

  • Lack of salary or any in-kind support for teachers in Tigray impacting school re-opening. 

  • Lack of teaching and learning materials in Tigray, Amhara and Afar.

  • Limited education partners in Amhara and Afar.

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Cluster Status

Emergency Shelter & Non-Food Items

Needs

  • Adequate shelters and NFIs for IDPs living in highly congested and substandard living conditions and relocation of IDPs from schools for their re-opening to adequate alternative shelters across northern Ethiopia.

  • Provision of shelter and NFI assistance to IDPs willing to return to areas of origin, and to IDPs currently living within the host community across northern Ethiopia.

  • Rental assistance schemes or other arrangements for IDPs living in host communities in Tigray, Amhara and Afar.

  • 4.2 million people need assistance with ES/NFIs in Tigray, and 1.7 million people in Amhara. 

  • Rehabilitation of more than 27,912 houses and 330 public institutions, including hospitals and schools, that were reportedly damaged in the South Wello Zone in Amhara. 

  • 560,410 people in Amhara need ES/NFI assistance. 

Response

  • In Amhara, 40,772 people reached with emergency shelter and non-food items during the reporting period, bringing the total number of people reached to 612,699 people as of 9 January. 

Gaps

  • Emergency shelter solution for returnees, activities to decongest space for relocated IDPs at collective centres, and NFI assistance for conflict-affected people in Amhara. 

  • Limited partners’ presence considering the magnitude of the displacement and need in Amhara.

  • Lack of information on displaced people and host communities in hard-to-reach locations in Amhara.

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Cluster Status

Food

Needs

  • An estimated 9.4 million people need food assistance in Northern Ethiopia, including IDPs and people in the host community.

  • Maintain timely and sustained food assistance including regular flow of fuel, cash and supplies into Tigray.

  • Food assistance will be required at least up to next year’s harvest season during the last quarter of 2022 in Tigray, as the agricultural planting season was missed in some parts of the region. 

  • There are concerns of worsening food security situation in Amhara and Afar among most vulnerable people, particularly in locations where food distributions have not been possible.

Response

  • In Tigray, Between 6-12 January, 10,571 people received 179 MT of food in Adet and Naeder woredas under Round 3 food distribution. Cumulatively, partners have assisted 495,179 people with 8,261 MT of food in Central, Eastern, North-Western, South-Eastern, and Southern zones as of 12 January under this Round 3, launched in mid-October 2021.

  • The Joint Emergency Operation Program (JEOP) partners have started Round 3 distribution since late December, assisting 40,784 people (1 percent of its planned caseload) with 691 MT of food in Adet, Adigudom, Ahsea, Chila, Erob, Hintalo, Naeder and Neqsege woredas as of 12 January. 

  • Under Round 2, started in mid-May last year, 5,534,555 people were assisted with 81,408 MT of food in Tigray.

  • In Amhara, between 10 January – 16 January, JEOP assisted a total of 324,941 people with 5,503 MT of food for the fourth round of assistance in South Gondar, Wag Hemra, North Wello, South Wello and West Gojam zones.

  • UN and INGO partners assisted 253,573 people with 4,298 MT of food under Round 5 distributions, commenced on 20 December, including 160,984 people in in North Gondar Zone and 92,589 people in Mersa, Woldia and Hara towns in North Wello Zone.

  • Cumulatively, as of 16th January, 2,884,887 people have been reached with 48,700 MT food under Round 4 distributions launched on 21 October 2021, and 2,124,011 people have been reached with 28,277 MT food under Round 5 distributions launched on 20 December. 

  • In Afar, between 10 January - 16 January, 805 MT of food which were distributed to an estimated 47,514 people in Fanti Rasu and Kilbati Rasu zones.

  • Cumulatively, as of 16 January, 377,308 people have been reached with 6,395 MT food since the launch of round 4 distribution on 21 October. This is 71 per cent of the targeted 534,000 people for food assistance in zones 1, 2 and 4 in Afar region under the current round.

Gaps

  • As of 18 January, food partners have less than 5,000 litres of fuel (excluding contingency stock) in Tigray. 

  • As of 18 January, food partners have about 1,200 MT of food commodities available within Tigray, out of which, there is only enough stock to feed around 28,400 people with a complete three-commodity common food basket for one round.

  • The halt of humanitarian cargo movement through the Semera-Abala corridor is depriving people from food distribution and the longer the food commodities are kept in Semera, the higher the risk of stock spoilage and infestation due to harsh environment. Insecurity is contributing to the delay in dispatching and distributing food commodities to vulnerable people in conflict- affected and hard-to-reach aeras in Amhara and Afar, including North Wollo and Wag Hemra zones.

  • Serious concerns over the safety and security of cargo drivers through the Semera-Abala-Mekelle corridor as they face many forms of intimidation and abuse on route.

  • All food partners in Tigray are operating on credit, and some, particularly local non-governmental organizations, have not been able to pay their staff salary since June 2021. If access to cash remains severely restricted, partners might be forced to stop operations or lose manpower. 

  • The limited public electricity supply in the region increases protection concerns and exacerbates the issue of cooking energy shortage, which remains one of the main concerns shared by the affected communities, particularly in urban setting, as it hinders food utilization. 

  • Delay of transportation by food partners to deliver food in some areas in Amhara. 

  • Delays with beneficiary registration in Amhara.

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Cluster Status

Health

Needs

  • 3.9 million people in Tigray need health services and interventions in Tigray.

  • Essential medical equipment, supplies, vaccines, and medicines including cholera kits, interagency emergency health kits (IEHKs), malaria and scabies’ medicines, SAM kits, and reproductive health kits needed in Tigray. 

  • Cholera vaccines for the second round of the oral cholera vaccination campaign in Tigray. 

  • An estimated 888,000 children under five years in Tigray and more than 360,000 children in Amhara need polio oral vaccination. 790,000 children need measles vaccination in Tigray.

  • Drugs for medical facilities and medical kits (including trauma kits) required in Tigray for the management of casualties from weapons of war.

  • In Amhara, more than 500 health facilities, and 1,706 health posts damaged and/or looted due to the conflict need rehabilitation and support.

  • In Afar, only 94 health facilities, or 22 per cent of the 414 facilities, are functional, including 2 hospitals and, 31 health centers. The rest needs rehabilitation and support. 

  • Provision of medications, treatment, and access to health services. Malaria, typhoid fever, severe acute malnutrition (SAM), dysentery and epidemic typhus were reported as top 5 diseases in Afar.

Response

  • In Tigray, twelve health partners provided healthcare services to the affected population through the provision of direct support to health facilities and MHNTs in 19 woredas in Central, Eastern, Mekelle, North-Western and South-Eastern zones in Tigray reaching 10,454 people with outpatient consultation and about 7500 people with mental health and psychosocial services during the reporting week. 

  • The measles campaign reached so far 145,473 children in 8 towns in Tigray.

Gaps

  • Fuel, cash, cold chain capacity, vehicles, and limited number of health care workers for the measles campaign in Tigray.

  • Reduction in the number of operating mobile health and nutrition teams (MHNTs) in Tigray from 57 few months ago to 18 MHNTs operated by only 7 partners. Frequency of MHNTs’ field visits was reduced due to the shortage of fuel and medicines.

  • Lack of medicines and trauma kits in health facilities in the region as supplies have not entered Tigray in months. 

  • Shortage of drugs, medical supplies, and equipment to restart essential health services at damaged/looted health facilities in Amhara.

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Cluster Status

Logistics

Needs

  • Safe access and additional transportation routes via road and air to transport the required humanitarian supplies within and into Tigray, Amhara and Afar regions.

  • Increased storage space for partners in Amhara.

Response

  • In Amhara, 24 MT of solar lanterns and jerrican items were transported from Gondar warehouse to Dabat.

  • 1,000 square meters of storage space secured in a warehouse in Kombolcha, Amhara.

  • Offloading trucks is ongoing in Semera in Afar.

  • To date, 54 per centage of storage capacity is being used in Afar. 

Gaps

  • Lack of communication and coordination with stakeholders on the ground in Afar.

  • Lack of coordination with active partners in Amhara.

  • Private transporters are unwilling to transport supplies to conflict affected areas across northern Ethiopia. 

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Cluster Status

Nutrition

Needs

  • An estimated 1.6 million (children under five years and pregnant and lactating women) in Tigray and an estimated 1.4 million in Amhara and an estimated 80,000 in Afar need malnutrition preventative and treatment interventions.

  • About 56,000 children projected to be severely malnourished in Tigray, more than 460,000 children and more than 307,000 pregnant and lactating women (PLW) in need of supplementary feeding and about 667,000 PLW need blanket supplementary food.

Response

  • In Tigray, between 10-14 January, 33,782 children were screened for malnutrition out of which 6,934 or 20.5 per cent identified with proxy GAM and 672 or 2 per cent who were identified with severe acute malnutrition (SAM) were admitted for treatment of wasting. 

  • Out of 5,574 PLW screened, 6,262 or more than 66 per cent were identified with malnutrition in Tigray. 

  • 8,786 caregivers, pregnant and lactating women reached with infant and young child feeding (IYCF) messaging and 320 pregnant women received iron folic acid supplement in Tigray.

  • Integrated in the measles campaign in Tigray, 80,402 children received Vitamin A supplements, and 53,149 children received albendazole for deworming. In addition, 5,054 and 2,720 IDP children received vitamin A and albendazole respectively. 

  • In Amhara, 14,298 children under five and 6,012 PLW were screened for malnutrition during the reporting period. 

  • Find and treat malnutrition campaign is ongoing in Tarmaber, Kewet and Menze Gera of North Shewa zone while the second-round campaign commenced in Dessie, Amhara.

  • In Afar, 30 MHNTs continue to provide essential nutrition services in remote and conflict-affected communities.

  • Emergency nutrition program commenced in three conflict-affected woredas (Gulina, Erebti and Dalul), Afar.

Gaps

  • Zero stock balance of nutrition supplies to support targeted and blanket supplementary feeding and treatment of SAM in Tigray.

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Cluster Status

Protection

Needs

  • Family tracing and reunification and alternative care services for unaccompanied and separated children (UASC) considering the ongoing IDP return and relocation process in Tigray.

  • Referral and immediate response to children in need of life saving support, including food and medication, and basic social services in Tigray.

  • Material support (tents, recreational kits) to establish and strengthening new and existing child friendly spaces at IDP sites across northern Ethiopia.

  • Provision of protection services at IDP sites across northern Ethiopia, including child protection, gender-based violence (GBV) and Sexual GBV (SGBV) prevention and response, and mental and psychosocial support.

  • NFIs, including aid devices for persons with disability, and dignity kits for women and girls across northern Ethiopia.

  • Comprehensive GBV services mapping and localized referral mechanisms, health services for survivors, risk mitigation and prevention activities in northern Ethiopia.

  • Scale up child protection services and referrals in all the three regions.

Response

  • 891 households displaced from Afar region who are currently sheltering in different schools South-Eastern Zone in Tigray received wheat flour.

  • 390 children, including 182 girls, with child protection concerns in Tigray identified and documented at RayaAzebo, Chercher, Mekelle, Shire, Axum, Adwa, Adigrat, Maichew and Wukro of whom 109 children, including 61 girls, referred to social services.  

  • 89 UASC, including 48 girls, identified, and documented in Mekelle, Shire, Adwa, Axum, RayaAzebo and Maichew during the reporting period. From the new and previously identified and documented cases, 33 UASC, including 18 girls, placed on alternative care in Mekelle and Shire, and seven children, including three girls, reunified with their families in RayaAzebo and Mekelle.   

  • 6,078 children, including 2,584 girls, participated in supportive child friendly spaces, and received basic support by community workers in Mekelle, Enderta, Maichew, Adigrat, Adwa, Axum and Shire, Tigray.

  • 7,490 people, including 4,322 women, reached with child protection communication messages and 13 people received capacity building training to identify, prevent and respond to child protection cases in Mekelle, Shire, Axum, Adwa, EdagaHamus, Saesie, Adigrat, Maichew and RayaAzebo in Tigray Region.

  • 3,712 women, 2,820 men, 640 boys and 808 girls under the age of 17, were engaged through awareness raising and messaging for GBV prevention and risk mitigation in Tigray.

  • 1,132 women and 191 girls provided with mental health and psychosocial support and case management services in Tigray.

Gaps

  • Insufficient protection services, notably child protection and GBV case management and mental health and psychosocial support in some areas across northern Ethiopia due to several operational constraints including low capacity of partners, limited resources, and lack of access to some areas. 

  • Lack of well-developed alternative care system in Tigray for UASC.

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Situation Report

Cluster Status

Water, Sanitation and Hygiene (WASH)

Needs

  • Rehabilitation of sanitation facilities at schools used to shelter IDPs after their relocation across northern Ethiopia.

  • Adequate provision of WASH services to prevent disease outbreaks at IDP sites across northern Ethiopia.

  • About 9,300 water points or more than 54 per cent of the 17,080 water points in Tigray are not functional affecting the access of more than 3.5 million people to safe drinking water. 

  • In Tigray, about 418,000 IDPs in 131 sites require 295 trips of water trucking every day which requires 1,990 litres of fuel daily.

  • 17,184 latrines are required at IDP sites and 35,184 latrines for IDPs at host communities in Tigray.

Response

  • In Tigray, 46 WASH cluster partners are currently operating in 37 woredas across Central, Mekelle, South-Eastern, Southern, Eastern and North-Western zones.

  • During the reporting period, 14,685 m3 of water was supplied via water trucking reaching 124,577 people while an additional 85,790 people were reached through the rehabilitation of 145 hand pumps and 10 motorized boreholes in Tigray.

  • 205 latrines and 40 bathing facilities were constructed or rehabilitated benefiting 5,600 people in Tigray

  • 29,614 people reached through hygiene promotion sessions in Tigray.

Gaps

  • Water quality monitoring is minimum due to lack of supplies in Tigray. 

  • Minimum available stock of key WASH NFI in Tigray, including soap, water treatment chemical and water storage containers. 

  • Western zone and some bordering areas to the zone in Tigray remain hard to reach.

  • Delay in reporting from partners in Amhara and Afar.

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