Humanitarian Preparedness and Response
There are currently 227 UN staff supporting the humanitarian response in the region (63 international and 107 national staff in Mekelle and 6 international and 51 national staff in Shire). OCHA is strengthening access and civil-military coordination capacity with recent deployment of five additional staff. Similarly, NGO partners have significantly scaled-up with 32 NGOs currently responding in Tigray (up from 17 pre-crisis). Additional staff continue to be deployed to support the scale up of operations and to ensure protection-by-presence amid reports of ongoing violence against civilians. With at least 1,141 additional national staff and 108 international staff deployed, the total NGO staff in Tigray is approximately 1,850. The international NGOs are operating both directly and through local partners, including REST, Adigrat Diocese Catholic Secretariat (ADCS); Daughters of Charity, EKHCDC, Organization for Social Services, Health and Development (OSSHD), the local administrations in Tigray and community-based women-led institutions. There are 57 partners (Government, UN, NGO) operating across the region.
Food security remains the largest component of the emergency response. As of 5 May, the three food operators - the National Disaster Risk Management Commission (NDRMC), Joint Emergency Operation Program (JEOP) and the World Food Programme (WFP) - have distributed more than 20,000 Metric Tons (MT) of food for the first round of assistance for 2021, reaching 1,214,530 million people in 32 Woredas across Eastern, Central, North-western, Southern and South-eastern Zones.
So far, and since the third week of February, 4,578 severely malnourished children received therapeutic feeding treatment by Nutrition Cluster partners. Approximately 350,000 households or 1.75 million people will be targeted for emergency seed support in the next three months.
WASH partners and the Government Water Bureau continue to provide water trucking to nearly 730,000 people. Meanwhile, partners rehabilitated and maintained nine water systems in Enderta, Hintalo Wajirat (South-Eastern zone) and Mekelle, benefiting more than 67,000 people.
As of 8 May, the construction of 1,200 shelters in “Sabacare 4” IDP site in Mekelle were fully completed and 800 shelters are near completion, bringing the total construction to 2,000 shelters out of the targeted 3,310 shelters in the site. Additional camp management partners are needed to complete the construction, which will accommodate more than 19,000 people.
So far, and since December 2020, the Logistics Cluster partners have facilitated the transport of over 2500 metric tons of humanitarian cargo on behalf of humanitarian partners along the main routes into Tigray, primarily Gondar – Mai Tsebri - Shire routes.
Meanwhile, of the approximately 20,000 Eritrean refugees who were previously residing in the northern camps of Hitsats and Shimelba, the UN refugee agency verified some 10,000 refugees who are now in Adi Harush, Mai Aini, Mekelle, Adigrat or in Addis Ababa. It is estimated that 7,000-10,000 Eritrean refugees are still in hard to reach areas across the region.