Ethiopia - Northern Ethiopia Humanitarian Update

Situation Report

Cluster Status

Protection

Needs

  • The inability of IDPs to meet basic needs remains a root cause of protection issues. There are reportedly increasing negative coping mechanisms and reports of gender-based violence (GBV) and sexual exploitation and abuse (SEA) incidents by partners, IDPs leaders, and host community members. Mental health and psychosocial support (MHPSS) and tailored health services to survivors of GBV are ongoing critical needs.

  • NFIs, including aid devices for persons with disability, and dignity kits to support persons with specific needs.

  • Strengthen the staff capacity and knowledge gap on clinical management of rape survivors, community engagement on GBV response, mitigation and prevention

  • Comprehensive GBV services mapping and localized referral mechanisms.

  • Additional women and girls’ friendly spaces in most affected areas across Tigray.

  • Availability of clinical management of rape (CMR) supplies as well as training of health personnel of CMR.

  • Equipment of a child friendly space, distribution of dignity kits, reinforcement of GBV case management protocol and provision of office supplies at One Stop Centers.

  • Awareness campaigns and information about risks linked to unexploded explosive ordnance (UXO) and firearms in displacement sites.

Response

  • Protection partners are supporting the relocation pilot to “Sabacare 4” relocation site in Mekelle with the registration and relocation of IDPs from Ayder, Libanos and Muse sites. Protection related activities included registration, identification, and referral of persons with specific needs (89 identified), information sharing and door-to-door vulnerability, NFI needs assessments (415 households visited) and distribution of solar lights (354 households). Protection partners are setting up permanent protection services in the site such as women and girls’ friendly spaces, child friendly spaces and protection desks.

  • Dignity kits were distributed to women and girls of reproductive age in 2 locations Kisanet and Adi Haki IDP sites. Distribution is planned to continue in the coming weeks.

  • World Vision, in collaboration with Bureau of Labour and Social Affairs, identified 19 unaccompanied and separated children in Adigrat. Out of the 19 children, 6 were assisted with psychosocial support.

  • Rehabilitation and Development Organization conducted home visit to 11 people with disabilities and carried out regular assessment for 187 people with disabilities in all IDP sites in Axum and 40 people in Adwa.

  • In Maichew, UNHCR conducted key informant interviews in three Woredas (Alaje, Qorem, and Alamata) to assess the protection needs. Ethiopian Red Cross Society assessed three Woredas (Raya Azebo, Mekhoni, and Raya Chercher) and identified 34 civilian children and adults with disabilities affected by the conflict.

  • Some 351 people reached with GBV awareness messages.

Gaps

  • Lack of fuel for transportation of stocks to conduct outreach missions to hard-to-reach areas.

  • Lack of mapping services, specialized services and presence of partners in locations outside Shire and Mekelle.

  • Lack of supplies, including to help people with disabilities and dignity kits.

  • Capacity gap in areas such as Prevention of Sexual Exploitation and Abuse (PSEA) and Accountability to Affected Population (AAP), protection mainstreaming, and case management.

  • Proper GBV case management services remain insufficient in most locations in Tigray.

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