The conflict has uprooted hundreds of thousands of people across Tigray, leaving people in urgent need of emergency shelter and basic household items, including kitchen utensils, blankets, mats, among others. While most displaced people are seeking shelter with relatives and friends, thousands are also living in overcrowded collective centres in different parts of Tigray. During the reporting period, partners highlight a marked increase in the number of newly arriving displaced people in Shire, Adwa, Mekelle, and Axum.
Cluster-led rapid assessments in Adwa, Axum, Shire and Abi Adi from 11 to 15 March further revealed a dire situation for newly displaced people. Large numbers of displaced people are taking shelter in schools, churches and host communities, though many are forced to stay in open air, exposing women and girls in particular to gender-based violence (GBV), in addition to other health and protection-related concerns. This situation is especially concerning given the upcoming rainy season, which threatens to aggravate the plight of displaced people in inadequate shelters. Partners highlighted that the situation in Abi Adi is particularly alarming, given that people have been displaced multiple times given recurrent episodes of fighting, while receiving very little humanitarian assistance. The response remains sub-optimal in all woredas visited, with sometimes up to 60 people staying in a single classroom. Findings from these recent assessments reflected many of the concerns highlighted by previous assessments in Mekelle, where people are sheltering in over-crowded classrooms, many of which have broken doors and windows and lack adequate lighting and sanitation facilities. In view of imminent plans to re-open schools and universities, which have been used as shelters for displaced people, partners operating in both Mekelle and Shire underscore the urgent need to identify and ensure adequate living conditions in alternative shelters. Meanwhile, authorities also report an increasing number of new arrivals in other major towns.
Since the conflict began, the Cluster has reached more than 146,000 displaced people with emergency shelter and core relief items, and distribution is ongoing for a further 59,719 people.
During this reporting period, Save the Children International (SCI) distributed 1,000 emergency shelter and non-food items kits (ES/NFI) to 5,500 people in Adwa while Samaritan’s Purse completed distribution of 600 ES/NFI kits to 3,300 people. In Adwa and Axum towns, the International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC) distributed 2,100 ES/NFI kits to 11,550 people and 1,900 ES/NFI kits to 10,450 people respectively. A national NGO, Action for Social Development and Environmental Protection Organization (ASDEPO) distributed 1,000 ES/NFI kits to 5,500 people in Adwa. ZOA International distributed 2,000 ES/NFI kits to 11,000 people in Wukro. Concern World Wide distributed 1,000 ES/NFI kits to 5,500 people in Tsead Emba. Distribution of 500 ES/NFI kits for 2,750 people in May Tsebri town by Plan international is ongoing as is the distribution of 1,000 ES/NFI Kits for 5,500 people in Edaga Hamus by a national NGO; Development for Peace Organization (DPO).
Cluster-led rapid needs assessments have been conducted in Axum, Adwa and Abi Adi
Unavailability of ES/NFI kits on the domestic market
According to partners, the number of new arrivals in Shire and Adwa Towns continues to increase.