Ethiopia - Tigray Region Humanitarian Update

Situation Report

Cluster Status

AGRICULTURE

Needs

  • The Agricultural systems have been devastated by months of fighting and extensive looting and destruction. Crops and animals have been looted or burned, particularly in the Eastern and Central zones. Farmers are becoming increasingly desperate, with partners describing their food security status as catastrophic. Livestock production across the Tigray Region has also been devastated due to the lack of feeding, water and health services, with outbreaks of foot and mouth disease (FMD) in at least two woredas in East and South East zones.

  • Field assessments conducted in four zones (South, South East, East and Central zones) found that Office of Agriculture employees at the woreda level are unable to fully operate since all office vehicles and equipment have been looted, although many of the personnel have resumed their work. Offices in one third of the assessed woredas have also had their animal clinic equipment destroyed, and drugs and vaccines looted. The total extent of the impact and gravity of the situation remains unknown in other unassessed parts of the Region, such as in Northern and Western Tigray.

Response

  • The Cluster has finalized and endorsed the input distribution guideline, which outlines the required amount of support for each affected household.

  • In consultation with Crop, Livestock and Input Directorates, the Agriculture Cluster has conducted an emergency seed (grain and forage) availability assessment.

  • The Agricultural Cluster has conducted field assessments in 21 woredas across four zones.

  • The sub-national Agriculture Cluster was re-activated and held its first meeting on 11 March.

Gaps

  • Partners report that resource mobilization is constrained by the lack of declaration of the agriculture emergency in Tigray as a crisis at the regional or national level.

  • Essential office equipment has been looted from woreda and kebele-level offices of agriculture and the offices have not been re-equipped hindering full operations in the office. Funding to re-equip the office of agriculture at woreda-level, in addition to providing emergency agricultural inputs (seed, fertilizer, chemicals and animal drugs), is an urgent priority.

  • Limited communications with woredas, as well as security issues, pose significant challenges to the response.

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