Ethiopia - Humanitarian Update

Situation Report

Highlights

  • The number of people in need of food assistance in northern Ethiopia has increased from 9 million in November 2021 to more than 13 million people due to increasing food insecurity.
  • The prolonged drought situation remains unabated with no improvement in site affecting at least 8 million people and likely more as it is expanding to additional areas.
  • Increased violence in western Ethiopia with a high number of civilians have been reportedly killed and at least 4,800 people displaced in Oromia Region on 18 June due to violence.
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Ethiopia - Humanitarian Update

Situation Report

Key Figures

13M
Need food assistance in northern Ethiopia

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Contacts

OCHA Ethiopia

Strategic Communications Unit

Ethiopia - Humanitarian Update

Situation Report
Background

Disclaimer

With this edition, OCHA Ethiopia launches the first bi-weekly digital Situation Report covering the humanitarian situation, needs, response and gaps country-wide. The weekly Northern Ethiopia Situation Report has been discontinued and will be included in this report. This report is prepared with the support and collaboration of cluster coordinators and humanitarian partners. In some cases, access and communication constraints mean that updates for the period are delayed and cannot be reflected. Boundaries, names, and designations of districts/zones indicated in the report do not imply official endorsement or acceptance by the United Nations.  Please contact ocha-eth-communication@un.org for any comment or question you may have on this publication.

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Ethiopia - Humanitarian Update

Situation Report
Background

Situation Overview

The overall humanitarian situation in Ethiopia has significantly deteriorated since the beginning of the year leading to increased humanitarian needs across the country. The cumulative impact of ongoing conflict and violence, climatic shocks such as the prolonged drought, and more recently floods, constitute the main triggers of such a rise. More than 29 million people were estimated in need of humanitarian assistance and protection at the beginning of 2022, compared to 23.5 million people at the beginning of 2021, and 8.4 million people in 2020. Nearly three quarters of the people in need this year are women and children.

The ongoing conflict and rising levels of food insecurity and other climate-related shocks continue to have a significant impact on children's access to education. As of May 2022, more than 2.9 million children across Ethiopia remain out of school due to conflict and drought. This represents 17 per cent of the school age population Almost 50 per cent of those out of school children are entering their third year without any access to learning, heightening the risk of a lost generation for children in northern Ethiopia Based on school damage assessments in May, more than 8,660 schools across Ethiopia are fully or partially damaged, 70 per cent of which were in Afar, Amhara and Tigray due to the North Ethiopia conflict. During May, education partners assisted more than 102,000 children across the country with different interventions including school feeding to more than 90,000 children, distribution of learning materials, and alternative learning programs. Majority of children assisted during this period were assisted in Somali Region with more than 50,000 children followed by Amhara Region with more than 41,000 children.

Malnutrition has also been on the rise in several locations across the country since the start of the year, with higher requirements for treatment services. In East Hararghe Zone, Oromia Region, an increase of 50 per cent of cases were recorded in May (3,966 cases) compared to April (2,629 cases) with close to one out five admissions reported with medical complications. Further scale-up of nutrition activities including early detection and treatment of acute malnutrition cases, as well are health care services are required at community level to avoid medical complications. 

Affected people continue to face serious protection issues including violence, insecurity, lack of access to basic services and livelihoods, and neglect of vulnerable groups. IDPs who began returning to their areas of origin in Tigray, Afar and Amhara, for instance, are facing security risks and difficulties to access essential services, including food.  While violence has subsided in these regions, in many cases the extensive damage and destruction of private property as well as civilian and public infrastructure does not provide a conducive environment for safe returns to the places of origin... Shortage of food and drinking water is a major concern in both conflict-affected and drought-affected areas, leading to displacement, loss of livelihoods and negative coping mechanisms.  Based on Government administrative data and UNICEF analysis in May,the number of child marriage cases has increased by 264 per cent in Somali, by 69 per cent in Oromia and by 38 per cent in SNNP – all regions severely affected by drought – compared to the same period (January- April) last year. The risk of explosive ordnance in conflict affected areas has increased, including in critical infrastructure such as schools and main roads, is posing immediate risks to life and hampering access to basic services and livelihoods. On many occasions, specialized protection services are not available due to limited operational presence of protection actors in Oromia Benishangul-Gumuz, SNNP regions.  This is due to limited funding, access constraints, the high needs, and the vast territory to cover. Despite limitations, protection partners assisted 1.8 million people or 22 per cent of the 7.9 million people targeted since the start of year, of which 35 per cent are women, 25 per cent are girls, 20 per cent are boys, and 20 per cent are men.

In northern Ethiopia, the humanitarian situation continues to be dire with high needs across the sectors including high levels of food insecurity and malnutrition. According to WFP’s Emergency Food Security Assessment conducted in January and February (1). more than 13 million people are now in need of food assistance compared 9 million in November 2021 (4.8 million in the Tigray Region, 1.2 million in the Afar Region and over 7 million in the Amhara Region). Agricultural inputs are urgently needed across the region to support the Meher planting season (May-July), to prevent production loss, improve food security, thereby decreasing dependency on food assistance.

In Tigray, about 4,000 metric tons (MT) of seeds are available in the local market, but partners need to transport sufficient cash to support operations including support to farmers. Fertilizers are also urgently needed. While the federal authorities have approved the importation of fertilizers for humanitarian agencies, additional funds are needed for payment and support for the import, transport, and clearance into Tigray for further distribution. To date, humanitarian partners have mobilized financial resources to cover only ten percent of the required 60,000MT fertilizer needs for the upcoming season. Other funding contributions could be mobilized soon.

After more than three months of interrupted road access to Tigray, humanitarian convoys have started to move much needed lifesaving supplies to Tigray since 1 April, however, partners are struggling to distribute the supplies and reach vulnerable people outside Mekelle as fast and wide as possible. In total, since the resumption of convoy movement on 1 April and as of 21 June, 2,987 trucks or 122,212 MT arrived in Mekelle through 23 humanitarian convoys. This included about 109,000 MT of food, 5,391 MT of emergency shelter and non-food items (ES/NFIs), 2,835 MT of water, sanitation, and hygiene items (WASH), 2,232 MT of nutrition supplies, 415 MT of health, 360 MT of protection items, 320 MT of education supplies, 80 MT of agriculture supplies and other1605 MT of mixed cargo. These also included 23 fuel trucks or 987,137 litres of fuel for all humanitarian operations – even though partners require 2 million litres each month – including the fuel required to deliver incoming supplies. In parallel, airlifting of life saving critical supplies to Mekelle continued, although at a slower rate as road convoys resumed. Between 14 and 20 June, 19.7 MT of health and ES/NFIs, bringing the total supplies airlifted by humanitarian partners since 15 December 2021, to about 785 MT or equivalent to 20 trucks. This included 53 per cent nutrition supplies, 30 per cent health supplies,14 per cent ES/NFIs, and three per cent WASH items and agriculture supplies.

Several of internally displaced persons (IDPs) reported in different parts of northern Ethiopia. Between 7 and 14 June, more than 2,600 internally displaced households (13,000 people) from Adigrat in Tigray returned voluntarily to their respective locations of origin. All the returnees received limited cash assistance and emergency shelter and non-food items by partners to support the initial phase of the return and to start off the resumption of their livelihoods.

The humanitarian situation in Afar continues to be dire with food insecurity and malnutrition rates that remain particularly alarming due to the combined effects of drought and conflict, ensuing displacement, lack of market access, and high food prices. About 450,000 people affected by the drought in 15 woredas leading to the death of more than 2,600 March.

Admission of children under five with severe acute malnutrition (SAM) for treatment in March 2022, has increased by more than 30 per cent compared to the average of the same period in the last five years (2017-2021). Admission to therapeutic programs for malnutrition in April (2,483 admission) has also increased by 28 per cent compared to the same period last year (1,794 admission). In April there was an increase of 7.3 per cent in the number of cases accessing stabilization centers for the treatment of severe malnutrition. Dubti General Hospital, the main referral hospital in Afar, has reinforced their capacity, but the demand is still high and other cases need to be referred to Logia Hospital in the region, which will now provide stabilization services with more than 30 beds capacity. However, death rate is still too high in stabilization centers with 10.3 per cent of mortality rate of children admitted in April.

Meanwhile, find and treat screening campaign for malnutrition, Vitamin A supplementation and deworming has started in the entire region including at IDP sites. Twenty-five woredas, out of the 33 woredas with urgent needs, will be supported by therapeutic supplementary feeding programs during the screening. Thirty mobile health and nutrition teams (MHNTs) continue to be operated by partners in Afar, including 10 MHNTs in IDP sites.

According to the authorities in Afar, spontaneous, and organized returns of IDPs have been taking place from various locations including from Afdera and Harsuma to Abala and Erebti woredas in Zone 2. Woreda officials reportedly provided buses and trucks to transport the IDPs. IDPs have been returned despite concerns about insecurity including explosive remnants of war and lack of basic services in places of origin due todestruction. Partners will continue to work with relevant regional authorities to ensure a safe and dignified return, ensuring safety and security as well as restored public services in areas of return ahead of the returns. Meanwhile, at returns areas, WASH partners started maintaining water points in 12 areas; health facilities in Abala, Erebti, Berahle and Konnaba have started their basic services; and flour is provided by partners in Afdera, Erebti, Koneba, Abala and Berahle as there are no grinding mills.

In Amhara, the number of IDPs continues to increase following regular new arrivals. Currently, there are an estimated 1.2 million IDPs across the region. North Wello, Wag Hamra and North Shewa (Debre Birhan) zones are prioritized for response mainly due to increasing IDPs caseloads. Across the region, the number of people requiring humanitarian support is estimated to be at least six million people. An additional estimated 1.4 million returnees in conflict affected areas need early recovery support. Amhara Region has a limited presence of partners who lack funding and response capacity, despite the magnitude of needs. Although partners are providing food, shelter, protection health, nutrition, education, and WASH services and they continue to mobilize further assistance, the response remains inadequate to meet the scale of needs.

Meanwhile, Amhara regional government authorities continued with the relocation of internally displaced people (IDPs) to Jara site in North Wello Zone. To date, and since 14 March, they have relocated nearly 28,000 people out of an estimated 58,000 registered IDPs planned for relocation from Kobo. Additional 126 people were relocated from Mebrait-Haile to the newly constructed shelters in Weleh IDP site bringing total number of IDPs in the site to 4,226. In North Shewa Zone alone, more than 300,000 IDPs live in protracted displacement, being displaced mainly from Oromia Region due to conflict.

On 10 June, there were reports of heavy rains in Shamo Godgwadit kebele, Libo Kemkem woreda in South Gondar Zone which affected more than 590 household (about 2,740 people). Similarly on 11 June, more than 1,409 houses were reported to be severely damaged in five kebelesof North Mecha woreda in West Gojjam Zone due to heavy rains affecting more than 6,300 people. As a result, household food stocks and agricultural products were destroyed and more than 29,000 hectares of fruit trees and crop. The regional authorities distributed blankets, plastic sheets, and food in North Mecha woreda.So far, no assistance provided in Shambo Godgwadit kebele yet.

As North Shewa, North Wello, South Wello and Oromia zones, in Amhara, received normal and below normal rainfall for the Belg planting season (February - May), and therefore only 63 per cent of the land was planted, according to agriculture cluster. Weather conditions for Meherseason in Amhara is currently favorable but was delayed affecting Sorghum and Potato plantations, with needs for replantation. According to partners, out of 4.8 million hectar of land planned for Meher plantation, only nearly 0.5 million hectars were planted as of 23 June due to lack of funding.

Ethiopia is experiencing one of the most severe droughts in the last forty years following four consecutive failed rainy seasons since late 2020 pushing an increasing number of people into an alarming situation. Most recent forecasts project that the October to December season will also be below average, setting the stage for an unprecedented fifth failed rainy season. This climatic shock has compromised already fragile livelihoods heavily reliant on livestock - most of which has died- and deepening food insecurity and malnutrition. People living in these same areas have barely managed to recuperate from the severe drought in 2017 followed by an unprecedented desert locust infestation, which further deteriorated vegetation, to witness again such harsh conditions, the first signs of which started appearing towards the end of 2020. According to current data, at least 8 million people in Somali, Oromia, Southern Nations Nationalities and Peoples’ (SNNP) and South-West regions are currently affected, of which more than 7.2 million people need food assistance and 4.4 million people need water assistance. This figure is under review and is expected to increase once assessment of new areas affected by the drought is completed, including in Afar. According to current data, more than 2.1 million livestock have died, while at least 22 million are at risk and are very weak and emaciated with no or little milk production, the main source of nutrition for children.

In some areas, drought is also compounded with violence, including in southern Oromia Region due to conflict and in Somali Region due to intercommunal conflicts, exacerbating previous humanitarian needs and hindering access to hundreds of thousands of people in need of assistance. Population in Guji and West Guji zones in southern Oromia, for instance, have been affected by violence since 2020, as well as by the current drought. Public facilities such as health centres and schools have been destroyed and the movement of critical aid supplies such as food and nutrition items has been severely hindered. In West Guji Zone, situation has slightly improved in June allowing access to people in need by aid agencies. In Konso Zone, in SNNP Region, some 60,000 people who have been struggling to cope with the drought were affected by inter-communal violence in April. The situation remains tense, affecting access to assist some 23,000 displaced and drought affected people in the zone.

Over the last few months, the drought has increased to affect new areas and new assessment are ongoing. Between 26 May and 2 June, a multi-agency initial rapid assessment mission was conducted in the drought affected Fafan and Sitti zones, in Somali Region, with 2.3 million people living in the two zones, to assess the impact of the drought situation on the ground; assess the humanitarian response and gaps; and to advise partners on response actions required. Motorized boreholes are very limited in the woredas visited in Fafan Zone (Harshin, Awbare, Harorays, K.Bayah and Tuliguled), and the majority depends on surface water have not been filled due to lack of rain. In the areas visited that have sustainable water sources are more resilient than areas that dependmostly or solely from surface water. Screening for malnutrition was conducted in three selected kebeles of Harorays, Tuliguled and Shabeley during the mission. Out of the 79 pregnant and lactating women (PLW) screened, 55 of them or about 70 percent were identified as malnourished. Out of the 106 children under five screened, 9 of them or 7.6 percent were identified with severe acute malnutrition (SAM) and 47 children or 44 percent identified with moderate acute malnutrition (MAM).

In Oromia Region, more than 47,000 heads of livestock have been reportedly perished in East and West Hararghe zone since April 2022. Migration is reported from four Woredas (Gursum, Babile, Midhega Tola, and Fedis) in East Hararghe in search of labour. According to government authorities,an estimated 498,000 people remain displaced by drought and conflict in Southern Oromia, with priority needs being food, healthcare services, emergency shelter, non-food items and clean water. There is limited presence of partners due to security concerns and needs far surpass on-going response as the drought is increasing in scale. Access and conflict have negatively impacted the humanitarian presence especially in Guji and West Guji.

In western Ethiopia, the humanitarian situation is concerning with high levels of humanitarian needs and protection concerns. Hostilities in Benishangul Gumuz, Oromia, and SNNP regions have further caused high numbers of displacement; damage to infrastructure and basic services; exposed the population to major protection risks; and prevented meaningful humanitarian assessment and response. On 18 June, dozens of civilians have been reportedly killed in Tole kebele in Gimbi woreda, West Wellega Zone, Oromia Region, following fighting between armed groups and security forces. Partners have not yet been able to verify information regarding this incident or assess the situation and needs in the area due to restricted access. According to zonal authorities, at least 1,200 households (4,800 people) have been displaced to Diga woreda in East Wellega Zone. Displaced people urgently need emergency shelter, food, and non-food items. It is estimated that more than 500,000 are displaced in Western Oromia due to conflict, with very limited humanitarian assistance due lack of access and limited resources available to partners.   

Between 5 and 11 June, a multisectoral and access assessment mission was conducted to Metekel Zone in Benishangul-Gumuz Region to support the scale-up of the humanitarian response in hard-to-reach areas and step-up coordination support to partners. Findings indicate an improved access in conflict affected woredas. Food, WASH and ES/NFI interventions remain limited compared to existing needs. The most critical risk facing IDPs in the zone is lack of food with a third consecutive agricultural season likely to be lost without optimum production mainly due to lack of access to agricultural inputs and in some cases fear of return to and/or inaccessibility of farmlands. According to zonal official records in Benishangul Gumuz Region, at least 73,000 displaced people have returned to their places of origin in Metekel Zone due to improved security. Reportedly, the returnees are in dire need of agricultural inputs and livestock to avoid losing a third agricultural season.

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Footnotes

1. Northern Ethiopia Emergency Response Situation Report #07 - Ethiopia | ReliefWeb

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Humanitarian Access in Ethiopia

Northern Ethiopia - Access Map

The boundaries and names shown and the designations used on this map do not imply official endorsement or acceptance by the United Nations. © OCHA

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Operational Presence of Organizations

Final Ethiopia Partners presence May 2022-58--01

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Emergency Response

Pooled Funding

The Ethiopian Humanitarian Fund (EHF) has so far received since the beginning of the year a total amount of $US42.2 million in contribution from nine donor countries. Two reserve allocations totaling $22.5 million have been organized since the beginning of the year. A first allocation to respond to the droughts in Somali, Oromia and SNNP regions, and a second allocation to support the initial set-up of IDP relocation sites in Amhara Region have been organized. Meanwhile, the EHF is preparing its first standard allocation strategy to support to respond to various humanitarian needs across the country. The continued support from donors is critical to mobilize resources to enable humanitarian partners delivering assistance to people most in need in conflict and natural disasters-affected areas across the country.

Since the beginning of the year, the Central Emergency Response Fund (CERF) has allocated US$12 million to respond to food insecurity in drought-affected areas in Somali, Oromia and SNNP regions. The UN agency partners receiving the funds havestarted the project implementation in June.

The Pooled Fund Working Group (PFWG)(2) has conducted a mission to Ethiopia between 6 and 10 June to promote effective coordination and collaboration; to monitor the strategic impact of the country-based pool funds (CBPFs); and to address common issues, providing advice and recommendations about appropriate actions and solutions. The delegation included members from Australia, Belgium, Canada, Denmark, Norway, Switzerland, the Island of Jersey, and the United Kingdom. The delegation met with the EHF’s key stakeholders and visited projects in Amhara and Somali regions. 

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Footnotes

2. the PFWG is an advisory body to OCHA, informing the strategic direction and management of OCHA's CBPFs. Membership of the PFWG comprises key stakeholder organizations with decision-making authority at capital or headquarter levels, including contributing Member States and donors; the Advisory Group of the CBPF-NGO Dialogue Platform; representatives from recipient UN agencies; as well as OCHA representatives.

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Cluster Status

Agriculture

Needs

No inputs received for this update.

Response

No inputs received for this update.

Gaps

No inputs received for this update.

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Cluster Status

Camp Coordination and Camp Management

Needs

No inputs received for this update.

Response

Gaps

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Cluster Status

Education

Needs

  • As of May, more than 2.93 million children across Ethiopia remain out of school, including 2.53 million due to conflict and 401,000 due to drought.

  • Within the humanitarian educational needs, more than 2.7 million children need of teaching and learning materials.  

  • About 85 per cent of schools in Tigray need desks and black boards, as well as 4,400 schools in Afar and Amhara

  • 8,666 schools across Ethiopia are either fully or partially damaged and require rehabilitation. 

  • Scale up of school feeding for than 1 million primary school children impacted by school closures.

  • Capacity-strengthening for more than 150,000 teachers, school leaders, zonal and woreda education personnel in mental health and psychosocial support (MHPSS).

Response

  • In May, 102,383 children were assisted across the country with different interventions including school feeding (90,227 children), distribution of learning materials (7,628), and alternative learning programs (3,228). Majority of children assisted were in Somali Region (50,248) and in Amhara Region (41,342).

  • 1,147 teachers provided with capacity building in alternative learning MHPSS.

Gaps

  • Lack of funding for school feeding program, construction of temporary learning schools, rehabilitation and reconstruction of schools, provision of gender sensitive latrines, accelerated and catch-up learning program.

  • In Afar and Oromia regions the needs are extremely high and are not being met due to due to the security situation, lack of funds and low partner presence.

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Cluster Status

Emergency Shelter & Non-Food Items

Needs

  • Across Ethiopia, 4.5 million people are currently targeted for ES/NFI assistance in 2022.

  • More than 280,000 droughts-driven IDPs in Somali, Oromia and Afar regions need of ES and NFI support.

  • About 9,000 houses that were reportedly fully or partially damaged in Amhara Region in need of reconstruction or repairs. Some 40,500 returnees and non-displaced persons remain in temporary shelters or damaged houses in the region.

  • Provision of adequate shelters for 1.2 million IDPs living in highly congested and substandard living conditions in Afar, Amhara, Benishangul Gumuz, Oromia, SNNP, Somali, and Tigray regions.

  • Provision of emergency shelter and NFIs to newly displaced people to 8,951 IDP households in Benishangul Gumuz, Oromia, and Tigray.

  • Reconstruction or repairing assistance for returnees living in damaged shelters or temporary shelters.

  • About 9,000 houses were reportedly fully or partially damaged in Amhara Region that needs reconstruction or repairs. Some 40,500 returnees and non-displaced persons remain in temporary shelters or damaged houses.

Response

  • In May, 45,000 households (249,652 people) were assisted in Amhara, Afar, Tigray, Benishangul Gumz, Oromia, SNNP and Somali regions with emergency shelter and non-food items.

  • Cumulatively, since the start of the year, 171, 000 households or 939,146 people were assisted. This is 21 per cent only of the targeted 4.5 million people.

Gaps

  • Increased influx of new IDPs in Tigray, Amhara, Oromia and Somali regions have added to the already existing unmet needs.

  • Ongoing hostilities and security concerns over the past few weeks affected partners movement and field activities in several locations across the country.

  • Lack of viable land for construction of shelters in Wag Hamra and North Shewa zones in Amhara and lack of fuel in Tigray to transport and distribute ES/NFI items.

  • Lack of accurate data of IDPs especially within the host community due to fluidity and access related issues.

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Cluster Status

Food

Needs

  • Over 20 million people are estimated to be food insecure in the country, including an estimated 13 million people northern Ethiopia.

  • The drought in southern and southern eastern parts of the country has contributed worsening food insecurity on agro-pastoralist and pastoralist households due to loss of food and income sources.

Response

  • As of 8 June, food partners had assisted 2.6 million people in Tigray under round 3 launched in mid-October 2021.  

  • As of 12 June, partners (INGOs, UN and the Government) assisted 17 million people in Afar, Amhara, Benishangul Gumuz, Dire Dawa, Gambella, Harari, Oromia, Sidama, SNNP, Somali and South-West regions under round 5 distribution launched on 22 December 2021. This includes over 7.6 million people assisted in drought affected areas in Afar, Amhara, Harari, Oromia, Sidama, SNNP and Somali regions.

  • Round 1 food distributions have started in the country since April 2022 with nearly 3 million people who have received food rations, including more than 2 million in drought affected woredas in Somali region since then.  

Gaps

  • Lack of funding has resulted in reduction of people targeted in some regions, distribution of an incomplete food basket, and applying rations cuts.

  • Lack of access has resulted in irregular food distributions in Western Oromia (East and West Wollega); Wag Hamra Zone in Amhara and Western Zone in Tigray.

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Cluster Status

Health

Needs

No inputs received for this update.

Response

No inputs received for this update.

Gaps

No inputs received for this update.

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Cluster Status

Logistics

Needs

  • Safe and sustained access and additional transportation routes via road and air to transport the required humanitarian supplies to Tigray. (3)

  • Safe and sustained access to hard-to-reach areas in Amhara and Afar regions.

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Footnotes

3. The Logistic Cluster is only active in northern Ethiopia. 

Response

  • Between 13 and 20 June, convoy # 022 arrived in Mekelle with 299 trucks and convoy #023/2022 with 189 trucks, both carrying approximately 21,017 MT of humanitarian cargo and 2 fuel tankers.

  • Since the corridor Semera – Mekelle reopened in April 2022, a total of 2,897 trucks carrying approximately 122,000 MT of humanitarian cargo and 987,137 liters of fuel arrived in Mekelle.

  • Between 13-20 June approximately 19.7 MT of Health, and ESNFI cargo from airlifted to Mekelle on behalf of 3 partners, bringing the total supplies airlifted to 785 MT on behalf of 25 partners.

  • In Gondar Zone in Amhara, 2.5 MT of shelter items received for storage on behalf of one partner.

  • In Afar, 37.5 MT of food items received in Semera warehouse on behalf of one partner.

  • 11.18 MT of NFIs items released from Semera warehouse for distribution in Afar.

Gaps

  • Limited availability of fuel, impacting transport humanitarian cargo within the region.

  • Lack of operational cash within Tigray.

  • Limited number of Commercial transporters in and to Tigray.

  • Increased needs for storage and transport services in North Shewa, Wag Hamra and Jarra IDP site in Amhara.

  • Needs to speed up deployment of Mobile storage units (MSUs) due to the coming of rainy season in Amhara.

  • Limited transporters to support Afar humanitarian response.

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Cluster Status

Nutrition

Needs

  • In Amhara, it estimated that more than 52,000 children are suffering from malnutrition, including more than 8,000 children with SAM are in hard-to-reach areas in Wag Hamra, North Gondar, and North Wollo without any nutrition service. Joint response from Food, nutrition, WASH and health cluster is required in inaccessible woredas.

  • In Afar, Dubti hospital has reinforced capacity to receive malnutrition case, but it is still not meeting the high cases. Early detection and treatment of acute malnutrition cases, as well are health care services are required at community level to avoid medical complications.

Response

  • In April 2022, 54,884 children suffering from SAM has been admitted to therapeutic feeding programme making the total admission in the first trimester of the year to 201,527, a 30 per cent increase or 47,403 more admissions compared to same period last year (Jan-April 2021).

  • A significant increase of 26 per cent have been observed in drought affected SNNP, Somali and Afar regions respectively.

  • In April 2022, 348,759 people has been assisted through the targeted supplementary feeding programme for treatment of moderate acute malnutrition. This includes 191,543 children under five and 157,216 PLW.

Gaps

  • Lack of commodities specially to address children and PLW with moderate acute malnutrition.

  • Inaccessibility and insecurity in some areas like Wag Hamra Zone in Amhara.

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Cluster Status

Protection

Needs

  • 7.9 million people across Ethiopia need protection services.

Response

  • Since the start of the year, protection partners assisted 1.8 million people or 22 per cent of the 7.9 million people targeted, of which 35 per cent are women, 25 per cent are girls, 20 per cent are boys, and 20 per cent are men.

Gaps

No inputs received for this update.

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Cluster Status

Water, Sanitation and Hygiene (WASH)

Needs

  • In 2022, an estimated 16.2 million people need WASH services across Ethiopia including 8.6 million people in Afar, Amhara and Tigray.

  • The situation is particularly dire in drought affected areas across Afar, Somali, SNNP, Sidama and Oromia where an estimated 8.9 million people need WASH services.

Response

  • Since the start of the year, and until end of May 2022, WASH services were provided across Ethiopia as the following:

  • 3.6 million people received WASH services.

  • About one million people received access to safe drinking water through emergency water trucking.

  • More than 1.4 million people received access to safe drinking water through durable solutions.

  • 401,000 people were provided with lifesaving WASH NFIs.

  • 219,000 people were provided with access to sanitation facilities (latrine, bathing and hand washing facilities) across the country.

  • More than one million people were reached through essential sanitation and hygiene messages.

Gaps

  • Given the scope of needs across the country, many regions still lack adequate partners presence.

  • Lack of funding for partners to implement critical WASH activities across affected areas.

  • The WASH situation in collective sites remains dire as new displacements appear and other IDPs stay for long periods of time in collective sites.

  • Lack of access to updated WASH data.

  • In Tigray despite an increase in supplies entering the region, critical supplies such as water point spare parts, rehabilitation kits, electromechanical equipment and generators are still not receiving clearance, impacting the sector’s capacity to rehabilitated water systems across the region.

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