Northern Ethiopia - Humanitarian Update

Situation Report

Highlights

  • More than 65,500 MT of food brought into Mekelle between 1 April and 6 June by the main food partners through 18 humanitarian convoys via the Semera-Abala-Mekelle road.
  • 4,485 displaced and returnee households in North Shewa, North Wello and Wag Hemra zones in Amhara Region received emergency shelter and non-food items.
  • 243 IDPs from North and South Wollo and Oromia Special zones returned to eight different destinations in Oromia, with Debre Birhan serving as the collection point.
  • Latest nutrition data in Afar indicate that admissions of severely malnourished children increased by 28 per cent compared to the same time in April last year.
Ethiopia
The boundaries and names shown and the designations used on this map do not imply official endorsement or acceptance by the United Nations. © OCHA

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Northern Ethiopia - Humanitarian Update

Situation Report

Key Figures

9.4M
People targeted in Amhara, Afar and Tigray

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Northern Ethiopia - Humanitarian Update

Situation Report

Funding

$957M
Requirements Northern Ethiopia
$338M
Outstanding gap

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Contacts

OCHA Ethiopia

Strategic Communications Unit

Northern Ethiopia - Humanitarian Update

Situation Report
Background

Disclaimer

OCHA Ethiopia prepares this report with the support of Cluster Coordinators. The data/information collected covers the period from 31 May to 6 June 2022. In some cases, access and communication constraints mean that updates for the period are delayed and cannot be reflected. Boundaries, names and designations of districts/zones indicated in the narration in the report do not imply official endorsement or acceptance by the United Nations. Please contact ocha-eth-communication@un.org for any comment or question you may have on this publication. The next issue of the sitrep will be published on 16 June 2022. 

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Northern Ethiopia - Humanitarian Update

Situation Report
Background

Situation Overview

The situation in northern Ethiopia remains generally calm but unpredictable. In Tigray, some locations, including in parts of Central, Eastern and Western zones continue to be hard to reach for partners. Security incidents in Sheraro disrupted partners’ humanitarian operations, while many have resumed operations. Similarly in Amhara, Abergele, Adi Arekay, Tsagibji, six kebeles in Zequala, two kebeles in Sekota Zuria and one kebele in Waja are hard to reach areas. 

On 3 June, a joint rapid assessment and response mission was conducted to Nuraqua Town, Abergele Woreda in Wag Hemra Zone, Amhara Region. This is the first time since December 2021. The mission mainly assessed the security and humanitarian access situation and health concerns in the town. The mission also delivered four medical kits (medicine and renewable equipment) and two malaria kits to Nuraqua Health Centre. As a follow-up, the planning of an inter-agency and multi-sector needs assessment is ongoing to inform and scale-up the response to the internally displaced persons (IDPs) and other vulnerable groups in the town and surrounding areas. In Afar, a Prevention from Sexual Exploitation and Abuse (PSEA) delegation mission to Semera was conducted on 6 June where the delegation met with high-level regional government officials and UN/NGO representatives and interacted with IDPs.

Meanwhile, humanitarian supplies continue to arrive in Tigray Region via the Semera-Abala-Mekelle road since 1 April. Between 1 April and 6 June, more than 65,500 MT of food have been brought into Mekelle, Tigray by the main food partners through 18 humanitarian convoys. Of the more than 65,500 MT of food brought in and based on the reports received to date, at least 14,700 MT of food have been distributed to more than 907,000 people in the region as of 1 June. This is in addition to food assistance provided for refugees in Northwestern Zone. The rest of the completed and ongoing distribution is awaiting updates from the field with some delays due to communication challenges. There was also more than 4,900 MT of ES/NFI, more than 3,800 MT of nutrition items, more than 2,400 MT of WASH items, more than 400 MT of health items, 360 MT of protection items, 280 MT of education and 80 MT of agriculture items brought into Mekelle between 1 April and 6 June. An additional 1,250 MT of mixed cargo also carried food and NFIs into Mekelle. 

Humanitarian supplies also continued to be airlifted from Addis Ababa to Mekelle, Tigray. During the reporting week, approximately 11 MT of health (7.4 MT) and nutrition (3.6 MT) cargo were airlifted on behalf of three partners.

Despite this positive progress, significant gaps remain to address the vast humanitarian needs in Tigray, primarily fuel shortage. Considering confirmed distributions, ongoing distributions and confirmed dispatches (but not yet distributed) food partners reported that, as of 9 June, at least 16,000 MT of food commodities remained in Mekelle as partners are unable to dispatch them to various woredas due to lack of fuel (at least 135,000 liters of fuel required). This stock is enough to serve around 950,000 people with common food baskets.

Meanwhile in Amhara, IDPs continue to suffer from overcrowded and sub-standard living conditions in IDP sites, while reports of new arrivals are received. Overall, there are an estimated 1.3 million IDPs across the region, the majority in protracted displacement from Oromia and other regions. For instance, in Debre Birhan, currently hosting more than 20,000 IDPs, there are reports of a continuous IDP influx from Oromia Region due to insecurity. Authorities in Debre Birhan are planning to return the IDP to selected areas in Oromia that are considered “safe and secure”, on a voluntary basis. So far, 243 IDPs from North and South Wollo and Oromia Special zones were returned to eight different destinations in Oromia, with Debre Birhan serving as the collection point. The authorities plan to return an additional 4,000 IDPs. However, the majority of the IDPs prefer not to return to their places of origin in Oromia due to security concerns.

Return operations are also ongoing in Tigray Region with 2,645 displaced households (5,278 individuals) returned from Adigrat to their woredas of origin with the support of local authorities and partners. All returnees received cash for transportation, core relief items and protection counselling from partners. Similarly, in Afar, local authorities-led IDP returns continued. The first phase of these returns is targeting IDPs from Abala residing at Logia, Semera, Dubti, Guya and Harsuma IDP sites. The exact number of those who have returned is not yet known, however, it is estimated that approximately 450 households have returned from Harsuma. Remaining IDPs in Harsuma have been reportedly dismantling and packing their temporary shelter in preparation for their return. Meanwhile, in Afar, discussions are ongoing to plan the return of IDPs in Dubti site. Improved security conditions, including the issue if unexploded ordnances (UXOs) and the need for the rehabilitation of social services in the return areas were highlighted by IDPs during consultations to support their return. 

Overall, most of the areas of return across northern Ethiopia have been severely impacted by the conflict with lack of adequate basic facilities. There is the potential need for humanitarian assistance to continue in areas of return until access to basic services is restored. 

Across northern Ethiopia, children’s schooling continues to be affected by the impact of the conflict. An estimated 1.4 million children in Tigray are entering their third year without access to education. Similarly, an estimated 700,000 students in Amhara are out of school with 493 schools in North Gondar and North Wollo zones still closed, and an additional 97 schools sheltering IDPs and/or being used by armed forces in North Wello, North Gondar and Wag Hemra zones. In Afar, 245 schools in conflict-affected areas remain closed and five schools are currently sheltering IDPs, affecting the schooling of more than 53,000 children.

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Northern Ethiopia - Humanitarian Update

Situation Report
Visual

Humanitarian Access in northern Ethiopia

Northern Ethiopia - Access Map

The boundaries and names shown and the designations used on this map do not imply official endorsement or acceptance by the United Nations. © OCHA

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Northern Ethiopia - Humanitarian Update

Situation Report
Emergency Response

Humanitarian Preparedness and Response

The overall operating environment in Northern Ethiopia remains constrained mainly by the lack of essential services and functioning markets, as well as the inability to bring in sufficient supplies, fuel, and cash to Tigray, limited access to people in hard-to-reach areas, and limited presence of partners on the ground in some areas.

In addition, the drought affecting the Horn of Africa, is expanding to northeast areas of the country and notably to Afar Region, further aggravating the humanitarian situation in the region. According to local authorities, hundreds of thousands of people in Afar are food insecure as a result of the drought impact. Malnutrition amongst children under five and pregnant and lactating women is also increasing due to the combined effect of conflict and drought, requiring an additional scaled-up response. Latest nutrition data indicate that admissions of severely malnourished children increased by 7 per cent compared to March 2022 and by 28 per cent compared to the same time in April last year.

The current response is not yet meeting the increasing needs of most vulnerable people as the resources available are not matching the requirements. Despite the challenge however, the Government and humanitarian partners continue to deliver assistance with available resources, while mobilizing additional resources. 

In Tigray, between 26 May and 1 June, more than 395,000 people were assisted with food. Cumulatively since 1 April, and as of 1 June, food partners have assisted more than 907,000 people in Tigray; and 2.2 million people (since Round 3 food distribution started in mid-October 2021 and as of 1 June or 36 per cent of the planned caseload of 6.3 million.

In Amhara, during the reporting period, more than 3,400 people were assisted with (Round 1 distribution for 2022) in Lay Gaint and Tach Gaint woredas of South Gondar Zone. Cumulatively, as of 5 June, the food partners have cumulatively assisted more than four million people under Round 4 allocation which started on 21 October 2021; more than 10.4 million people under Round 5 allocation which started on 22 December; and some more than 770,000 people were assisted under Round 1 allocation for 2022.

In Afar, more than 68,000 people, including more than 50,000 IDPs were assisted with food in Abala, Berhale, Dalol and Megale woredas in Kilbati Rasu Zone during the reporting week under the current food distribution cycle. Cumulatively, and as of 5 June, more than 992,000 people have been assisted with food since late February. 

Looking at the emergency shelter and non-food items (ES/NFI) response, between 1 January and 6 June, only about 152,000 people in Tigray out of the 2.4 million targeted for the year, were assisted. In Amhara, between 31 May and 6 June, about 4,500 displaced and returnee households or more than 20,000 individuals in North Shewa, North Wello and Wag Hemra zones received ES/NFI support. An additional 1,000 households (4,500 individuals) were assisted with cash-for-rent support in Ziquala, Wag Hemra Zone. In Afar, more than 2,900 displaced households in Kilbati Resu Zone received ES/NFI support between 31 May and 6 June, including more than 1,800 ES/NFI kits distributed for IDPs in Berhale Town and 1,100 NFI kits distributed to IDPs in Afdera and Berhale.

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Situation Report
Emergency Response

Funding Update

The cumulative funding gap for both the 2021 Mid-Year Review of the Humanitarian Response Plan and the 2021 revised Northern Ethiopia Response Plan stands at more than US$1.2 billion. An estimated $619 million has been mobilized towards the Northern Ethiopia Response Plan, and $656 million for response towards the Mid-Year Review Humanitarian Response Plan. However, this is far from sufficient to cover the humanitarian needs.

At the start of 2022, the Ethiopian Humanitarian Fund (EHF) carried over a balance of US$ 8.1 million, after committing $24.7 million for the second 2021 standard allocation. A total of $26.4 million received in confirmed contributions from the governments of UK, Canada, Switzerland, Germany, Norway, and Sweden. An additional $5 million contribution pledged from the governments of Switzerland and US for the 2022 programming. The EHF has launched a first-round reserve allocation for US $ 17.5 million which is in the finalization process for the drought response. It has also launched a second-round reserve allocation of $5 million for construction of IDP relocation sites in Weleh, Wag Hamra Zones, and Jara, North Wello Zone, in the Amhara Region. With this, the EHF estimated fund balance stands at $15 million. The continued support from donors demonstrates efforts to mobilize resources to enable humanitarian partners delivering assistance to conflict and natural disasters-affected people.

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Inter-sectoral gaps

Inter-sectoral gaps

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Situation Report

Cluster Status

Agriculture

Needs

  • Provision of 60,000 MT (1,500 trucks of fertilizers); 50,000 MT of improved crop seeds; 1,500 MT of vegetable seeds; 40,000 liters of pesticides; and 34,000 liters of fungicides for the upcoming major agriculture season (Meher), in Tigray.

  • Provision of veterinary vaccines and drugs to at least 12 million livestock and 5,000 MT of animal feed in Tigray.

  • Rehabilitation and/or restoration of 198 partially damaged veterinary clinics and farmers training centres across Tigray.

  • Provision of seeds, irrigation schemes, and livestock interventions (animal health services and provision of supplementary animal feed) to support 2.6 million people in Amhara, and 1.1 million people in Afar.

Response

  • In Amhara, 900 displaced households in Wag Hamra IDP sites received multipurpose cash support.

Gaps

  • Lack of fertilizers and seeds for the Meher season in Tigray and lack of veterinary vaccines and treatment drugs. 40,000 liters of fuel for the distribution of available fertilizers and staple crop seeds in Tigray.

  • Lack of required amount/type of seed for Meher season planting in Amhara Region.

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Situation Report

Cluster Status

Camp Coordination and Camp Management

Needs

  • Voluntary returns of IDPs to their places of origin across northern Ethiopia, including the ongoing relocation in Amhara in North Wello, Wag Hamra and Debre Birhan and the planned return in Afar notably in Zone 2.

  • Provision of CCCM support for 1.8 million people in Tigray.

  • Critical medications for people with chronic diseases and skin infections at IDP sites in Tigray.

  • Food, non-food items, firewood, cooking oil, milling support, drinking water, dignity kits, blankets, mattresses, kitchen sets, medication, at IDP sites across northern Ethiopia and education service and school materials for the displaced children.

  • Additional space to reduce the risk of communicable diseases, including COVID-19, and to provide privacy and protection at IDP sites across northern Ethiopia.

  • Support mechanisms for people living with disabilities in IDP sites.

Response

  • In Tigray, 2,645 displaced households (5,278 individuals) were returned from Adigrat to

    woredas of origin through local authorities’-led returnoperation with the support of the Relocation Task Force. All returnees received cash for transportation, core relief items and protection counselling from partners.

  • 65 displaced households benefited from the improvement work conducted in the TVET IDP site in May-Tsebri. The construction of three communal kitchens were also completed in the TVET and Daero IDP sites of May-Tsebri.

  • 36 fire extinguishers and 50 Injera baking traditional stoves distributed to the IDPs in Sebacare4.

  • Distribution of blankets to 125 individuals (77 women) at the preparatory IDPs site in Shire.

  • In preparation for the rainy season, CCCM partner delivered 13 trucks of selected soil for levelling of shelter floors, and improvement of footpaths in Hibret IDP site. The same partner also completed the construction of a 100-meter main drainage in Hibret IDP site benefiting both IDP and host communities.

  • CCCM partner completed the installation of six handwashing stands in Endabaguna site in Shire and donated 20 hand sanitizers and 20 masks to IDP committees in the site. The same CCCM partner donated SSSMT (Small Scale Site Maintenance Tools) kits that include six wheelbarrows, 26 plastic chairs and 6 plastic tables in Endabaguna site.

  • 400 households infected by scabies were supported with liquid soap.

  • Sanitary napkins were distributed to girls and women of reproductive age (14-49) in three sites of Abi Adi. A total of 1,187 girls and women benefited from the distribution.

  • In Amhara, authorities in Debre Birhan facilitated the return of 243 IDPs from North and South Wollo and Oromia Special zones to eight different destinations in Oromia, with Debre Birhan serving as the collection point during the reporting week.

  • Site cleaning campaign was conducted at the Paper Factory IDP site on 3 June. Following the exercise, IDP committees reached a consensus to engage more regularly on similar activities through community mobilization.

  • In Wag Hemra/Sekota, 150 solar hand flashlights were distributed to the women's committees and vulnerable women's groups at the Weleh, Metek, and Mebrat hail IDP sites.

  • Ten fire extinguishers were installed in communal kitchens and shelters at Weleh IDP site, and fire safety training was provided to youth, and woman committees at Weleh IDP site.

  • In North and Central Gondar, shelter care and maintenance is taking place in Kebero Meda and Dabat IDP sites.

  • In Afar, local authorities-led IDP returns continue. The first phase of these returns is targeting IDPs from Abala residing at Logia, Semera, Dubti, Guya and Harsuma IDP sites. The exact number of those who have returned is not yet known, however, the site management partner of Harsuma, estimates that approximately 450 households have returned from Harsuma. Remaining IDPs of Harsuma have been observed dismantling and packing their belongings.

  • CCCM partners and CCCM site committees facilitated the distribution of food undertaken by food partners at Silsa Guyha IDP site.

  • CCCM partner began the construction of MPS (Multi-Purpose Shed) and Kitchen at Guya and China IDP sites.

Gaps

  • Increased needs given the growing number of IDPs in Afar and Amhara versus the available resources.

  • In Afar, lack of basic services particularly drinking water on top of other WASH components, shelter and health at IDP sites.

  • Lack of sufficient CCCM partners in Amhara including in the new Jara and Weleh IDP sites.

  • Delays to identify suitable land as an alternative relocation site in Debre Birhan.

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Cluster Status

Education

Needs

  • Reconstruction and rehabilitation of schools damaged/impacted by the conflict: an estimated 1.4 million children in Tigray are entering their third year without access to learning. An estimated 700,000 students in Amhara are out of school with 493 schools in North Gondar and North Wollo zones still closed, and an additional 97 schools sheltering IDPs and/or being used by armed forces in North Wello, North Gonder and Wag Hemra zones. In Afar, 245 schools in conflict-affected areas remain closed and five schools are currently sheltering IDPs, affecting the schooling of more than 53,000 children.

  • Provision of WASH facilities and access to clean water in conflict-affected schools in northern Ethiopia.

  • Psychosocial support for 4,400 educators in Tigray and nearly 122,000 educators in Amhara.

  • Construction of 167 temporary learning spaces in Tigray, 712 in Afar and 50 in Amhara.

  • 46,598 teachers in Tigray require immediate life-saving multi-purpose cash and food assistance to keep schools open.

Response

  • In Tigray, 28,507 children were supported with access to formal and non-formal learning in Adigrat, Axum, Mai Tsebri, Mekelle (SC4) IDP camp and Shire during the reporting week.

  • 12,590 children (6,420 girls) aged 5 to 14 are enrolled in Alternative Learning Programmes (ALP), Accelerated School Readiness (ASR) and early childhood development (ECD) classes.

  • 17,893 children (9,125 girls) are accessing pre-primary, primary, and non-formal learning, also benefitted from school meal program.

  • 10,938 student attending formal and non-formal learning in Mekelle, Adigrat and Adwa received learning materials (student kits, stationary materials and learning aids).

  • In Amhara, 1,196 (579 girls) new children were reached through school feeding service in Sehala, Sekota, Zequala woredas and Sekota Town. In addition, 29,445 children (14,209 girls) continued receiving school feeding service in 52 schools across Sehala, Sekota, Zequala woredas and Sekota Town.

  • Also in Amhara, during the reporting period,  a two-day literacy and numeracy boost training was given to 76 teachers (37 women) in Zequala and Sekota woredas ; a five-day emergent literacy and math training was given to 112 ESSD facilitators (78 women) from Dehana, Sekota and Zequala woredas; a two-day early stimulation training was given to 60 (48 women) principals, teachers, health extension workers, women health development members from Dehana, Sekota and Zequala woredas with the aim of supporting the cognitive development of children under 3 years; a three-day mental health and psychosocial support (MHPSS) training was given to 55 teachers (40 women) in Kobo Town of North Wello Zone; a two-day training was given to 72 (22 women) school feeding committee, 167 cookers (all women) and 101 (9 women) ZED, WEO experts and school leaders on different topics.

  • Two community mobilization sessions were conducted at Debark and Dabat woredas in North Gondar Zone reaching 105 individuals (37 women) with messaging on access to services (ALP/ASR).

Gaps

  • Lack of food for school feeding programs in Tigray.

  • In Tigray, an estimated 34 per cent of primary schools (488 schools) are closed due to lack of payment of teacher’s salaries, food shortage, lack of learning materials and insecurity.

  • 245 schools in conflict affected areas in Afar remain closed and five schools are currently housing IDPs out of 1,195 schools in the region, affecting more than 53,000 students.

  • In Amhara, more than 493 schools remain closed in North Gondar and North Wello zones affecting 230,232 students, while 97 schools cannot receive students as IDPs are sheltering there or some being used by armed forces in North Wello, Wag Hemra and North Gondar zones affecting 39,201 students. It is estimated that 700,000 students in Amhara are still out of school.

  • Limited number of education partners in Amhara and Afar to deliver activities.

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Situation Report

Cluster Status

Emergency Shelter & Non-Food Items

Needs

  • Adequate shelters and NFIs for IDPs living in highly congested sites and facing substandard living conditions across northern Ethiopia.

  • Provision of shelter and NFI assistance to IDPs willing to return to their areas of origin, and to IDPs currently living within host communities across northern Ethiopia.

  • Rental assistance schemes or other arrangements for IDPs living in host communities in northern Ethiopia.

  • In Tigray, maintenance work at Sebacare 4 IDP site in Mekelle and for over 700 shelters in Shire following the storm at the end of April and ahead of the rainy season. Provision of plastic sheets to repair or replace the damaged shelters in Tigray ahead of the rainy season.

  • In addition, close to 8,000 people in Sheraro need shelter assistance and NFIs including newly arrived IDPs from Western Zone, and construction of 1,200 shelters in Adi Abay relocation site to respond to the shelter needs.

  • In Amhara, 18,000 people in North Wello, 41,000 in Wag Hamra and 40,000 in North Shewa zones need emergency shelter NFIs. Construction of emergency shelter for 58,000 people in North Wello, 6,100 in Wag Hamra and 42,000 North Shewa zones is also required.

  • Also in Amhara, 40,500 returnees and non-displaced people remain in temporary shelters or damaged houses ahead of the upcoming rainy season. About 9,000 houses were reportedly (fully or partially) damaged in North Wello, South Wello, North Shewa, Oromia Special Zone. Additional resources are required to reconstruct/repair damaged shelters in affected areas.

  • Provision of shelter for the 20,000 IDPs relocated to Jara and Weleh sites, Amhara.

  • In Afar, 83,000 displaced households need shelter and NFI support of whom 38,000 are in Kilbati Resu/Zone 2.

Response

  • In Tigray, between 1 January and 6 June, 151,830 people (77,434 women and girls) were reached with ES/NFIs out of the 2.4 million targeted population for the year.

  • 527 NFI kits were distributed in Hawelti IDP site in Mekelle benefitting 2,635 individuals during the reporting week.

  • In Amhara, 4,485 displaced and returnee households (20,183 individuals) in North Shewa, North Wello and Wag Hemra zones received ES/NFI support between 31 May and 6 June.  

  • An additional 1,000 households (4,500 individuals) were reached through cash-for-rent support in Ziquala, Wag Hemra Zone.

  • 180 blocks (810 units) of communal shelters were constructed in Jara site in North Wello Zone and 20 blocks (120 units) of communal shelters were constructed in Weleh site in Wag Hemra Zone.127 IDPs from Sekota Town were transferred to newly completed shelters in Weleh site as of the reporting period.

  • In Afar, 2,905 displaced households in Kilbati Resu Zone received ES/NFI support between 31 May and 6 June, including 1,805 ES/NFI kits distributed for IDPs in Berhale Town and 1,100 NFI kits distributed to IDPs in Afdera and Berhale.

Gaps

  • Additional resources are required to reconstruct damaged shelters in the areas of return before the upcoming rainy season in Amhara.

  • Limited partners’ presence in Afar and Amhara, and in some areas in Tigray including Mai Tsebri and Sheraro.

  • Lack of viable land for construction of communal shelters in Wag Hamra and North Shewa zones.

  • Lack of information on displaced people and host communities in hard-to-reach locations and in return locations across northern Ethiopia.

  • Increased prices of construction materials.

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Situation Report

Cluster Status

Food

Needs

  • More than 9 million people need food assistance in northern Ethiopia throughout 2022.

  • Provision of food assistance in hard-to-reach areas in Tigray, Amhara and Afar.

  • Increased food needs due to increased number of IDPs in parts of Amhara and in Afar.

  • Provision of food to the newly displaced people in Kobo Town in North Wollo Zone and in Sekota Town and Ziquala in Wag Hamra Zone, and provision of food to the 20,000 IDPs relocated to Jara and Weleh sites in Amhara.

  • In Afar, more than 600,000 people in the region are targeted for food assistance.

Response

  • In Tigray, between 26 May and 1 June, 395,428 people were assisted with 6,489 MT of food in Central, Eastern, Northwestern, Southeastern, Southern zones and in Mekelle.

  • Cumulatively since 1 April and as of 1 June, food partners have assisted around 907,200 people in central, Eastern, Northwestern, Southeastern, Southern zones and in Mekelle with 14,700 MT of food; and 2.2 million people in Central, Eastern Northwestern, Southeastern, southern zones and Mekelle (36 per cent of the planned caseload of 6.3 million people) have been assisted with 31,048 MT of food since Round 3 food distribution started in mid-October 2021 and as of 1 June.

  • In Amhara, 3,454 people were assisted with 57 MT of food (Round 1 distribution) in Lay Gaint and Tach Gaint woredas of South Gondar Zone during the reporting week.

  • Cumulatively as of 5 June, food partners have assisted 4,017,669 people with 67,949 MT of food under Round 4 allocation which started on 21 October 2021; some 10,442,631 people were assisted with 176,942 MT of food under Round 5 allocation which started on 22 December; and some 770,178 people were assisted with 12,833 MT of food under Round 1 allocation for 2022.

  • In Afar, 68,391 people (including 50,355 IDPs) were assisted with 1,160 MT of food in Abala, Berhale, Dalol and Megale woredas in Kilbati Rasu Zone under Round 5 allocation during the reporting week.

  • Cumulatively as of 5 June, food partners have assisted 992,309 people with 15,500 MT of food under Round 5 allocations.

  • Also in Afar, milled cereals have started to be distributed in IDP sites.

Gaps

  • Due to fuel scarcity, food partners have been forced to scale down or temporarily suspend dispatch since late May. As of 8 June, at least 16,000 MT of food commodities (enough to serve around 950,000 people with common food baskets) remained in Mekelle since partners are unable to dispatch them to various woredas due to lack of fuel (at least 135,000 liters of fuel required).

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Situation Report

Cluster Status

Health

Needs

  • 3.9 million people in Tigray and more than 10 million people in Amhara need health services and interventions.

  • Provision of medical equipment, supplies, vaccines, and medicines including tuberculosis, cholera kits, interagency emergency health kits (IEHKs), malaria and scabies’ medicines, severe acute malnutrition (SAM) kits, and reproductive health kits.

  • In Tigray, movement of cash for the COVID-19 vaccination campaign in Tigray.

  • Feeding support for health staff in Tigray who have not been paid salary for the past 11 months.

Response

  • In Tigray, ten health partners provided healthcare services to the affected population either through direct support to health facilities or through 34 Mobile Health and Nutrition Teams (MHNTs) in 29 woredas out of the 88 targeted during the reporting week. At least 32,565 people were with different health services during the reporting week.

  • Shipped medical supplies, including Interagency Emergency Health Kits, pediatric SAM kits for the management of severe acute malnutrition, malaria kits, personal protective equipment (PPE) and medical equipment, have started to be distributed to 35 earmarked health facilities in Tigray. So far, Mekelle General Hospital received 1.9 MT of supplies, Ayder Referral Hospital received 2.1 MT of supplies, Yekatit 11 Primary Hospital received 0.6.

Gaps

  • Limited fuel and medical supplies in Tigray.

  • Insufficient medical supplies to be used by the deployed MHNTs in Amhara.

  • Shortage of drugs, medical supplies, and equipment to restart essential health services at damaged/looted health facilities as well as at IDP sites in Amhara.

  • Shortage of vehicles from regional up to district levels in Amhara for the transport of supplies.

  • Absence of supplementary feeding supplies and emergency nutrition kits for malnutrition management in Amhara.

  • No free health-care services available at Gondar Hospital with discussion ongoing on possible reimbursement mechanisms so that IDPs can access life-saving health services at the hospital.

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Cluster Status

Logistics

Needs

  • Safe and sustained access and additional transportation routes via road and air to transport the required humanitarian supplies to Tigray

  • Safe and sustained access to hard-to-reach areas in Amhara and Afar regions.

Response

  • In Tigray, a total of 779 trucks carrying approximately 32,400 MT of humanitarian supplies arrived in Mekelle during the reporting week (convoy #14 of 92 trucks arrived in Mekelle on 31 May, convoy #15 of 192 trucks arrived on 1 June, convoy #16 of 194 trucks arrived on 3 June, convoy #17 of 108 trucks including 3 fuel tankers of 137,913 liters arrived on 4 June and convoy #18 of 193 trucks arrived on 6 June).

  • The cluster also airlifted approximately 11 MT of health and nutrition cargo on behalf of three partners during the reporting week, out of which 7.4 MT were health items and 3.6 MT were nutrition supplies.

  • Additional storage capacity was secured in Mekelle. The cluster now has 3,500 m² warehouse storage space available for humanitarian partners.

  • The cluster received 71.3 MT of WASH, shelter, health and protection items in the Mekelle warehouse on behalf of five partners.

  • In Amhara, 115 MT of teff seeds were dispatched by the cluster from Kombolcha warehouse on behalf of one partner during the reporting week. Storage space for 29.4 MT of shelter items in Gonder was also requested by one partner. 

  • In Afar, the cluster received 22.82 MT of WASH and NFI items in Semera warehouse on behalf of two partners during the reporting week; while seven partners collected 79.11 MT of NFIs from the Semera warehouse for distribution in Afar and transportation to Mekelle.

Gaps

  • Limited availability of commercial transporters in Tigray and to Tigray.

  • Increased needs for storage and transport services in North Shewa, Wag Hamra and Jara IDP site in Amhara.

  • Limited transporters to support Afar humanitarian response.

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Northern Ethiopia - Humanitarian Update

Situation Report

Cluster Status

Nutrition

Needs

  • About 454,000 children are estimated to be malnourished in Tigray in 2022. Out of this about 116,000 are severely malnourished and more than 338,000 are moderately malnourished and need treatment. About 120,000 pregnant and lactating women (PLW) are estimated to be malnourished. More than 460,000 children and more than 307,000 PLW need of supplementary feeding and about 667,000 PLW need blanket supplementary feeding.

  • In Amhara, an estimated 1.4 million children and PLW and an estimated 80,000 children in Afar need preventative and treatment interventions to address malnutrition.

  • Additional nutrition supplies (RUTF, F100, F75, RUSF, CSB++) to address the increasing malnutrition levels amongst children under five years and pregnant and lactating women across northern Ethiopia, particularly Afar in recent weeks where malnutrition rates are increasing.

Response

  • In Tigray, during the reporting week, the cluster received 5,000 liters of fuel to finalize the distribution of therapeutic feeds for the remaining 240 health facilities earmarked for distribution.

  • Of 85,397 children under-5 screened for malnutrition during the reporting week, 19,768 children (23.4 per cent) were malnourished, of whom 2.14 per cent were severely malnourished. Following the screening, 1,470 severely malnourished children were admitted to the outpatient therapeutic treatment and 30 severely malnourished children were admitted in the inpatient facility.

  • Of 13,924 pregnant and breastfeeding women screened, 8,139 women (58.5 per cent) were malnourished. At least 11,222 moderately malnourished children and 2,754 malnourished women were admitted for management of acute malnutrition.

  • Also in Tigray, the Infant and young child feeding (IYCF) messaging reached 9,213 caregivers, helping them improve feeding practices. 864 pregnant women received iron folic acid supplement.

Gaps

  • In Tigray, there are no RUSF available for the management of moderate acute malnutrition.

  • In Afar, low presence of nutrition partners in Kiblati Zone/Zone 2 limiting the scaling-up of the response. No partners in Agatina IDP site.

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Northern Ethiopia - Humanitarian Update

Situation Report

Cluster Status

Protection

Needs

  • In Tigray, family tracing and reunification and alternative care services for 9,330 recorded unaccompanied and separated children (UASC) considering notably the ongoing IDPs return and relocation process.

  • Material support (tents, recreational kits) to establish and strengthen new and existing child-friendly spaces at IDP sites across northern Ethiopia.

  • Provision of protection services at IDP sites across northern Ethiopia, including child protection, gender-based violence (GBV) and Sexual GBV (SGBV) prevention and response, and mental and psychosocial support.

  • NFIs, including aid devices for persons with disability, and dignity kits for women and girls across northern Ethiopia.

  • Comprehensive GBV services mapping and localized referral mechanisms, health services for survivors, risk mitigation and prevention activities in northern Ethiopia.

  • Scale-up child protection services and referrals in all the three regions.

  • UXO, landmine and explosive awareness raising activities across northern Ethiopia.

Response

  • In Tigray, during the reporting week, 82 (43 girls) children with child protection concerns were identified and documented; 1,550 (779 girls) unidentified and separated children (UASC) cases were identified and documented; 4,137 (2,382 girls) children and their care givers received basic non-specialized mental health and psychosocial support (MHPSS); 28 (13 girls) children have got referral to MHPSS support; 5,364 (3,327 women) were reached with awareness raising messages on child protection, prevention, and response in Northwestern, Eastern, Mekelle, Central, Southern and Southeastern; 1,541 (812 women) were reached through parenting support for caregivers; and 4,115 (2,161 girls) children participated in supportive child friendly spaces activities.

  • More than 1,300 children (768 girls) reached with protection risk prevention and awareness activities during the reporting period; 120 children with protection need referred to health services.

  • 780 women received dignity kits in Chifra and 25 people received NFIs (clothes, shoes…) in Chifra.

  • Two girl-friendly spaces were rehabilitated in Chifra and Ewa woredas.

Gaps

  • Lack of health, education services and food items for referred children and caregivers in Afar.

  • Severe overcrowding at the Semera IDP site in Afar and inadequate and insufficient water, sanitation, food and health care, including lifesaving emergency health care in two IDP sites.

  • Lack of well-developed alternative care system in Tigray for UASC, and lack of family tracing, reunification, and alternative care due to lack of cash and material for the reunification package.

  • Lack of tailored services for children with special needs in Tigray.

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Northern Ethiopia - Humanitarian Update

Situation Report

Cluster Status

Water, Sanitation and Hygiene (WASH)

Needs

  • Rehabilitation of sanitation facilities in schools that are used to shelter IDPs following their relocation across northern Ethiopia.

  • Adequate provision of WASH services to prevent disease outbreaks at IDP sites across northern Ethiopia.

  • About 9,300 water points (more than 54 per cent of the 17,080 water points in Tigray) are not functional, affecting more than 3.5 million people to safe drinking water.

  • In Tigray, about 418,000 IDPs in 131 sites need 295 trips of water trucking every day, requiring 1,990 litres of fuel.

  • Construction of more than 17,000 latrines at IDP sites in Tigray.

  • According to regional authorities in Afar, more than 336,000 IDPs in 11 sites require 168 trips of water trucking every day to fill the minimum standard of 10 liters of water per day per person.

  • In Afar, construction of 560 latrine blocks and bathing shelters in IDP sites, and solid waste management in all 11 IDP sites.

  • In Amhara, provision of WASH services in the new relocation IDP sites.

Response

  • In Tigray, 22 woredas across Central, Eastern, Southern, Mekelle, Southeastern and Northwestern zones were supported with WASH activities during the reporting week, including 7,600 people reached with water trucking service (1,218 M 3 of water delivered); 9,000 people accessed clean water through repair and rehabilitation of 29 water points.

  • In addition, 62 latrine stances were constructed/rehabilitated/cleaned benefitting 3,100 people; four hand washing facilities were repaired/maintained benefitting 300 IDPs; 53 WASH NFIs were distributed to 219 people and 11,627 were reached through 164 hygiene promotion and cleaning campaign during the reporting week.

Gaps

  • Limited water quality monitoring due to lack of supplies in Tigray.

  • Low stock of key WASH NFIs, including water treatment chemical, water containers and hygiene supplies in Tigray, Afar and Amhara.

  • Pumps, generators, pipes, and roto tanks supply for the damaged water supply schemes in Afar.

  • Long distances for water trucking services in Afar.

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