Situation Report

Sector Status

Water, Sanitation and Hygiene

pple reached w/ WASH services or supplies
litres of water provided to informal areas


  • More than 383,600 people (63,939 households) have been affected by the floods with 230,700 displaced (46,149 households) since March, according to the Kenya Red Cross Society (KRCS).

  • At least 109 water facilities have been damaged leaving at least 246,180 people without access to safe water in seven counties: Mandera, Garissa, Tana River, Kisumu, Busia, Siaya and Migori.

  • At least 70,000 people in six counties—Kilifi, Kakamega, Taita Taveta, Wajir, Isiolo and Turkana—depend on unsafe water sources requiring household water treatment and storage support to prevent disease outbreaks. Affected population currently use unsafe sources including rivers, ponds and water trucking which require treatment.

  • Mombasa County has reported low levels of response both in access to WASH IPC supplies and hygiene/risk communication.

  • Cholera outbreak in Marsabit still a threat.

  • Infection prevention and control is still a critical need both in the public and private space, particularly populations in the informal settlements and ASALs where access to safe water is still a challenge. Community transmission in Kenya is reported to account for more than 85 per cent of COVID-19 infections.


  • At least 600,000 people reached with safe water from newly constructed 62 boreholes in Nairobi informal settlements. More than 16 million liters supplied per day from new infrastructure including 93 new storage tanks.

  • Repair of flood damaged water systems in seven counties ongoing and will reach about 70 per cent of the affected population with support from partners and county governments.

  • More than 5 million people have received critical COVID-19 behaviour change messages on prevention and control of in 39 reporting counties.

  • More than 1,153 million reached with hand-washing stations; an increase of 451,334 from two weeks ago. At least 15,000 vulnerable households (75,000 people) in Nairobi informal settlements received soap supply for one month to improve safe hygiene practices.


  • Damage to water infrastructure needs more investment for major repair or replacement of equipment and protection such as dykes will be needed for long term sustainability.

  • Menstrual hygiene management needs of 50,000 women and adolescent girls are still unmet .