Situation Report

Sector Status

Multi-Purpose Cash

HHs in need of short-term cash transfers


  • Partners estimate that households in immediate need of short-term cash transfer support include 2,413,640 vulnerable households spread across the entire country; 761,165 households in the informal settlements of the major cities; as well as an additional 120,000 households already targeted under the regular cash transfer programmes but have not been included due to budgetary constraints.

  • Majority of Kenyans (80 per cent) are working in the informal sector, making them vulnerable to different types of shocks, particularly the economic impact of the COVID-19 pandemic.

  • At least 133,657 jobs in Kenya have reportedly been lost in the formal sector and potentially a similar number of even more in the informal sector due to COVID-19 economic impacts, with low income earner being the most vulnerable according to the Ministry of Labour and Social Protection.

  • At least 19 per cent of people in Nairobi informal settlements are reportedly skipping meals per day and 64 per cent skipping meals several times per week, according to a COVID-19 KAP survey done in May 2020.

  • Child Poverty has a high likelihood of increasing under the current COVID-19 situation and related compounding factors that have reduced economic activities, reduced employment opportunities, caused high food and commodity prices among other extenuating factors .


  • Support to accelerated development of the Enhanced Single Registry (ESR) including application programming interface (API) to enable partners link their support to MLSP’s ESR due to a surging demand for use of the existing social protection system for cash transfer programs to support the most vulnerable.

  • Cash transfer to support the most vulnerable pastoral and agropastoral households in selected ASAL counties (Garissa, Isiolo, Samburu and Tana river) within the context of COVID-19, and communities affected by floods and the desert locust invasion. The cash transfers cover the cost of food and agricultural inputs and services of beneficiary households during the lean season and prepare for October-December planting season.

  • Temporary cash transfer for six months will start in the coming days targeting 3,000 children in Kisumu, Garissa, Turkana, Mombasa and Nairobi counties who are released from institutions. The support will include an integrated package of child protection services.

  • Advanced plans are underway through the Joint Devolution Programme, to provide temporary cash top-up in the coming weeks to 3,000 households under the National Safety Net Program in Garissa, Kajiado, Kilifi, Kakamega and Migori Counties.

  • Unconditional multi-purpose cash transfers for three months to 20,000 vulnerable households in informal settlements valued at 7,668 Kenyan Shillings (about US$72) per household per month (50 per cent of the Minimum Expenditure Basket) as set by the Kenya Cash Working Group. Households benefiting from the existing Social Protection cash transfers of 2,000 Kenyan Sillings per month (about US$19) will receive a complementary allocation to ensure availability of the same amount. Plans are underway for similar support  to vulnerable households in Mombasa.


  • Coordination challenges leading to potential duplication of efforts hindering the purpose of horizontal expansion to reach more vulnerable persons. Partners are providing mapping and technical expertise to the Kenya Cash Working Group to support coordination.

  • Challenges with the Single Registry data, which does not have updated data on children, vulnerable households in informal settlements, and other vulnerable groups, such as urban refugees and undocumented migrants.