Situation Report

Situation of internally displaced people (IDPs) remains fragile

According to IOM-DTM’s IDP and Returnee Report 38 (July – September 2021), no new mass displacements were reported during the year while the trend of previously displaced families returning to their places of origin continued. Between June 2020, when the highest figure of IDPs in Libya was recorded with over 425,000 individuals, and September 2021, over half of all families previously displaced have now returned to their places of origin. Although an encouraging trend, some 200,000 people remain displaced in Libya despite the cessation of hostilities and improvements in the general security situation. This is a 6 per cent decrease compared to the previous reporting round (May – June 2021) but indicates that while the overall humanitarian situation has improved, Libya remains in the post-crisis stage of transition and recovery.

The number of returnees identified between July-September 2021 increased slightly to about 648,000 people compared to previous months. Returns of displaced families to their places of origin have continued, albeit at a slower rate, indicating that the remaining IDP population consists of the most vulnerable families affected by conflict and socio-economic challenges, some experiencing displacement for more than a decade. Several obstacles, such as lack of security or social cohesion in the places of origin, damaged infrastructure, unavailability of basic services and destroyed houses that are uninhabitable upon return need to be addressed to encourage further return of displaced families or to enable them to access other durable solutions.

Data collected on drivers of displacement in the report indicates that internal displacement in Libya for most displaced people (88 per cent of the currently displaced IDPs) was linked to the previous deterioration of the security situation including the conflict focused on western Libya over the course of 2019 and 2020. Beyond the deterioration of security situation, persistent lack of basic services, and the deterioration of the economic situation, also continue to impact internal displacement.

In collaboration with the Ministry of State of Displaced Affairs and Human Rights, humanitarian partners have begun work on developing a strategy on IDP durable solutions, as part of the Centrality of Protection Framework to ensure the voluntary, safe and sustainable return of displaced communities, with the office of the RC/HC supporting the government’s efforts.