Libya

Situation Report
Analysis

IOM Displaced Tracking Matrix Round 41 update

The latest IOM Displacement Tracking Matrix (DTM) IDP and Returnee Report Round 41, covering data collection from February to April 2022, shows a reduction in the number of internally displaced people down to 159,996, from 168,011 at the end of January 2022. Although the number of IDPs is decreasing, the trend has slowed. These IDPs face risks of protracted displacement, with challenges posed by damaged houses and infrastructure in their places of origin, lack of public services upon return such as access to quality health and education services, and also continued insecurity or protection risks faced by several communities due to lack of social cohesion (for example affecting IDPs displaced from Murzuq). Since 2016 when tracking of population movements began, a total of 680,772 displaced persons (136,155 families) have returned to their places of origin, due to improvements in the security situation.

Although the number of internally displaced has been steadily decreasing, the migrant population increased further compared to previous, indicating a return to pre-pandemic migration dynamics, as most COVID-19 mobility restrictions were lifted, according to IOM DTM Migrant Report Round 41. Migrants in Libya face several challenges including significant barriers in accessing health services as up to 78 per cent of the migrants interviewed report having either no or limited access to essential health services. Additionally, one in five migrants also report facing challenges in accessing clean and sufficient drinking water, as 19 per cent of the migrants interviewed stated having insufficient access to clean drinking water.

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