Humanitarian access in Libya
In November, a total of 355 access constraints were reported by humanitarian partners, consistent with the number of constraints recorded in the previous month. Of the total number of reported constraints, 52 per cent were related to bureaucratic restrictions on movements of humanitarian personnel and supplies into Libya. Despite relative progress achieved in October, visa constraints impeding INGO staff continue to represent the vast majority (approximately 71 per cent) of reported restrictions on movements into the country. The Humanitarian Access Working Group (HAWG) is working closely with the Commission for Civil Society, the main government entity overseeing civil society in Libya, to garner support for a clear framework for visa processes.
A predictable and sustainable system for the importation of health items is also urgently needed. Import delays in Misrata Airport and Benghazi Seaport continued. Similar to the previous six months, the Health Sector has been the most impacted by access constraints, representing 36 per cent of reported sector-related constraints. This included reports of attacks against health facilities and instances of aid diversion.
Bureaucratic restrictions of movements within Libya continued to be the second most reported type of constraint, making up 25 per cent of all reported constraints. Constraints included, stringent internal security procedures, delays in obtaining clearances for movements between municipalities due to COVID-19 related restrictions and the limited operation presence of international humanitarian partners.
There were four incidents involving interference in the implementation of humanitarian activities in November. Three of the reported incidents involved migrants and refugees in detention centers and disembarkation points in the West and one incident concerned the threat of eviction of over 90 vulnerable families in Janzur Municipality. Mantikas in the west (43 per cent of total constraints) continued to be the most heavily affected, followed by the east (33 per cent) and the south (24 per cent). Tripoli and Benghazi represented more than a third of all constraints reported.