Humanitarian access in Libya
In May 2020, humanitarian agencies reported 1,023 incidents of access constraints across the country. This represents a 20 per cent increase from March and roughly consistent with April reporting.
Similar to April, restrictions of movement of personnel and supplies into Libya constitutes the majority of reported incidents in May (64 per cent). These constraints include delays in obtaining and renewing work permits and registrations for humanitarian agencies to operate in Libya, as well as delays issuing visas and security clearances. It also includes delays in humanitarian supplies entering the country due to delays in obtaining customs clearances. But also reflects challenges of personnel travelling to Libya due to the continued suspension of commercial and UNHAS flights in May.
Restrictions on activities and movement of personnel and goods within Libya make up 27 per cent of all incidents reported. This includes delays and difficulties as a result of COVID-19 related restrictions, including curfews and restrictions in movements from one location (municipality) to another.
In addition to constraints related to the movement of humanitarian personnel and supplies, other reported incidents included constraints related to insecurity (4 per cent), environmental factors, such as electricity outages or fuel shortages (3 per cent), violence against humanitarian personnel, facilities or assets (four reported incidents) and restrictions/obstruction to affected populations’ access to services (one reported incident).
Most reported incidents were related directly or indirectly to the Coronavirus pandemic. This was largely due to prevention measures and the associated impacts to movements and transportation, either locally or globally. Out of all incidents of access constraints reported, 768 (or 75 per cent) are directly or indirectly linked to COVID-19 imposed restrictions and precautionary measures.
Geographically, the West region had the highest number of reported incidents (41 per cent), followed by the East region (36 per cent) and the South (23 per cent). The Health Sector had the highest number of reported constraints (26 per cent), followed by the Protection Sector (22 per cent). More than half of all incidents that can be attributed to a specific sector were related to COVID-19.
The Humanitarian Country Team in Libya continues to work with the authorities at all levels to facilitate humanitarian access. The analysis provided by access reporting supports efforts to work with all relevant stakeholders to pursue ways to mitigate these constraints in order to reach those in need of humanitarian assistance.