Bureaucratic restrictions remains largest access constraint
In April, a total of 191 access constraints were reported by humanitarian partners through the Access Monitoring and Reporting Framework (AMRF). With 58 per cent of the total reported constraints, bureaucratic restrictions on movements of humanitarian staff and relief items into and within Libya continue to make up the largest portion for more than a year. The absence of clear processes for visas for INGO staff and for registration of INGOs in Libya has led to inconsistent procedures and validity durations of visas and work permits. Similarly, there are still no clear and consistent processes expressed by the relevant authorities with regards to customs clearances, which in the past resulted in the disposal of imported supplies, particularly for the health sector, due to medical supplies being detained beyond their expiry dates at airports and seaports. Unless reliable processes for customs clearances are established, this situation is likely to recur.
In total, 59 per cent of the reported access constraints impacted humanitarian sector activities. The Health Sector has been the most impacted by access constraints, representing 41 per cent of reported sector-related constraints. Mantikas in the west (59 per cent of total constraints) continued to be the most heavily affected, followed by mantikas in the south (27 per cent) and the east (14 per cent).
International humanitarian actors need to expand their footprint, while also increasing engagement with national partners in line with the recommendations put forth by the Peer to Peer Mission, which took place in Libya in December 2020. Partners are looking at how best to do this in conformity with partnership principles and accountability frameworks.