The number of people displaced by violence and insecurity, especially in Cabo Delgado Province, continue to increase on a daily basis. At the end of December 2020, nearly 670,000 people were displaced in Cabo Delgado, Nampula and Niassa Province, almost 580,000 of them in the last year alone. Children account for an estimated 45 to 50 per cent of people displaced.
More than 90 per cent of displaced people are staying with family and friends in host communities whose already meagre resources are being strained by the growing influxes. In Ibo district, the number of displaced people surpassed the host community members, while in Pemba City, more than 100,000 people arrived 2020, on top of the original population of around 224,000 people.
Meanwhile, 10 per cent of displaced people are staying in collective sites, which are overcrowded, lack privacy, and have limited access to safe shelter, water and sanitation.
Both people staying with host families and in overcrowded collective centres are in urgent need of not only shelter support but also essential household items to minimize their unhealthy and harsh living conditions.
In addition, the COVID-19 pandemic remains a major risk for people living in overcrowded conditions in urban areas or resettlement sites, and in rural areas without access to basic services, including water, sanitation and health care. The Cluster targeted at least 369,000 out of 7.4 million people in need of shelter and non-food items because of the COVID-19 pandemic.
At least 25 per cent of the displaced people received shelter assistance in the assessed districts of Cabo Delgado. However, assistance was extremely limited in districts receiving an increasing influx of displaced people, including Ancuabe, Montepuez, Mueda, and Palma.
ICRC and the Mozambique Red Cross (CVM) reached 6,500 people in Pemba with shelter and non-food items (NFI) kits, including 450 families in Eduardo Mondalne, 303 in Cariaco, 300 in Natite and 247 in Paquitequet. More than 124,500 IDPs remain in need of shelter and NFIs assistance in Pemba.
Still in Cabo Delgado, humanitarian partners, led by IOM, completed the construction of 230 emergency shelters in Ntokota, Metuge District. The construction of the remaining 1,140 is ongoing. IOM also supported the construction of emergency shelters for eight vulnerable displaced families in Pemba, who survived a boat accident when trying to reach the city. Another three families from the host community were supported with roof repairs.
CARE and UNHCR distributed shelter and NFIs kits to more than 3,700 families in Chuire District, including 164 families in Katapua, 487 in Ocua and 92 families in Chiure Velho.
In Namuno, CRS-Caritas reached more than 900 people with shelter and NFIs kits.
ICRC distributed 400 shelter and NFIs kits in Quirimbas Islands, covering 20 per cent of families displaced in Ibo District.
IOM completed the distribution of shelter and NFIs kits in Nanjua B, Ancuabe District, for the remaining 366 families out of 976 assisted.
In Niassa Province, CRS-Caritas distributed shelter and NFIs kits to nearly 3,100 people in Marrupa District, covering 94 per cent of the 1,432 families in need in the area.
In Nampula, IOM completed the construction of 130 shelters (phase II) in Corrane, out of the targeted of 1,092.
The Government priority to assist people sheltering in temporary and relocation sites makes it difficult to support those living with host families.
Limited access due to security limitations continues to hinder access to people displaced in hard-to-reach insecure areas or those on the move and in need.
There is an important lack of resources and materials for massive shelter construction.
Displaced people hosted in several districts of southern Cabo Delgado, including Balama, Chiure, Mecufi and Namuno reported they have not received any kind of shelter assistance. This indicates an important gap in the response, as these regions are currently accessible.
Preliminary results from multisectoral rapid response assessments indicate that at least 3,262 people in Meluco and 72,000 in Montepuez districts in Cabo Delgado are yet to receive any type of shelter and NFI assistance. People displaced are building shelters with local materials but are yet to settle in the houses due to lack of access to food in the relocation area.
In Nicavaco, partners reported availability of construction materials but technical support is needed to facilitate the construction.