Situation Report

Cluster Status

Water, Sanitation and Hygiene (WASH)

of people access improved water supply


  • Access to clean water and appropriate sanitation is a major challenge in the country, where 80 per cent of urban dwellers live in informal settlements. Conditions in informal settlements are overcrowded, and most people living in them lack access to adequate housing, basic services and sanitation. Only half of Mozambicans have access to improved water supply and just one in five use improved sanitation facilities. Of the 1,643 health centres in the country, some 19 per cent do not have access to water, and 17 per cent do not have sanitation facilities for patients.

  • There is a need for additional hygiene kits for identified IDPs in Cabo Delgado, Niassa and Nampula provinces.

  • Accommodation centres in Cabo Delgado lack adequate water storage, latrines, and soap.


  • In Nampula province, WASH Cluster has identified a WASH partner for assessments in the new IDP location.

  • UNICEF dispatched hygiene kits to INGC for these new arrivals based on preliminary report of hygiene item needs.

  • In Cabo Delgado, distributions of household water treatment chemicals is ongoing in cholera-affected districts.

  • Helvetas is providing water storage tanks in the accommodation centres.

  • Revised latrine designs were provided to adapt new emergency latrines constructed for the accommodation centers.

  • The district administrator directed the Director SDPI to identify a site for IDP accommodation to release the schools.

  • In Cabo Delgado, WASH activities are ongoing in the districts of Pemba, Metuge, Mecufi, Chiure, Ancuabe and assessment of the situation ongoing in Ibo.

  • With regards to COVID-19 response, WASH assessments were completed in all provincial capital and isolation wards and potential partners were identified. UNICEF conducted WASH assessments in the planned isolation wards in Ancuabe and Chiure.

  • First dispatch of IPC WASH supplies is planned for priority health facilities while remaining procurement is ongoing.

  • ICRC, MSF, Food for the Hungry and UNICEF are fully involved in the COVID-19 preparedness and response including the preparation of the two isolation wards in Pemba (focus on WASH component).


  • Due to access constraints, all activities are currently on hold in Mocimboa da Praia, Quissanga, Muidumbe and Macomia.

  • Financial gap for private and parastatal water operators is becoming more urgent as operators are reporting loss of revenues but still require operating costs for electricity, chemicals, and labour.