Situation Report

Cluster Status

Water, Sanitation and Hygiene (WASH)

of people access improved water supply


  • The WASH Cluster conducted an assessment in Montepuez with Servicos Distritais de Planeamento e Infraestruturas (SDPI) and local leaders. The government has indicated IDPs in host communities in postos administrativos with an estimated 20,000 families. IDP area of origin is indicated as the northern districts of Cabo Delgado. This is resulting in increased. Demands on existing WASH infrastructure with additional and/or rehabilitation of water points and more latrines required in host communities. The Montepuez centralized network requires extension to critical slums (bairros).

  • The WASH Cluster conducted an assessment to proposed IDP accommodation sites in Metuge District with SDPI and FIPAG. There is need to connect the IDP sites to centralized networks as opposed to borehole drilling to define the implement requirements.

  • Soft soil types and availability of local materials for latrine construction are positive for latrine construction.


  • WASH is working with partners to reallocate planned borehole drilling to areas with increased demand for water due to influx of IDPs, including 30 planned in Pemba City, in coordination with SPI and SDPIs.

  • In Pemba city, nine standpipes were rehabilitated and Mahate hospital connected to centralized network.

  • Distributions for hygiene items for IDP households ongoing in coordination with the Shelter and Protection Clusters, with 850 families reached across Cabo Delgado districts.

  • Sixty emergency latrines and 57 bathing units were installed for the temporary accommodation centres in Metuge.

  • Upgrading of WASH infrastructure including laundry facilities, increased water storage, segregated toilets, waste management equipment and facilities ongoing in six isolation treatment centres (three in Nampula, two in Cabo Delgado and one in Maputo City).

  • WASH Cluster is participating in reorganization of markets and installing handwashing stations in these high risk areas and developed guidance document for market reorganization process.

  • Infection prevention and control WASH items delivered to health facilities and isolation treatment centres in Cabo Delgado, Nampula, Zambezia, and Tete. Supplies are being dispatched now to Inhambane.


  • Low presence of humanitarian partners and lack of access in many districts of Cabo Delgado remains challenge for response.

  • Long-term case management strategy remains a gap where WASH requires significant time and investments to meet facility requirements for treatment of COVID-19 patients.

  • Multiple duplicative coordination structures are challenging to meet coordination needs.

  • About 45 per cent of health facilities in the country do not have access to water. WASH in health facilities across the country is a large gap.

  • Humanitarian partners are needed in Mocimboa da Praia and Ibo to respond cholera outbreak.