Increasing violence in Cabo Delgado continues to drive massive displacement. At the end of October, more than 355,000 people were displaced across Cabo Delgado, Nampula and Niassa provinces, according to preliminary data from IOM. The numbers are expected to increase further, as a new wave of displacements is ongoing, with hundreds of people arriving every day in Cabo Delgado’s capital Pemba fleeing violence in the northern districts and some islands of the Province.
In Cabo Delgado, several newly displaced families are living in collective centres or with relatives and in urgent need of resettlement assistance.
In the central region of the country, most people displaced by the Cyclone Idai lost their documentation when the storm hit Sofala Province and one and half year on they are yet to receive new ones, according to humanitarian partners. There is an urgent need to advocate and support the Government with the identification of all families who lost their papers and the due issuance of new formal documents.
Criminality, mainly cases of theft, has increased over the last months in resettlement sites across Sofala, Manica and Memba. Thus, training of local community police to strengthen security and order within the sites is needed to reduce criminality and to provide a secure environment to internally displaced people (IDPs) and humanitarian workers.
In the north of the country, the CCCM Cluster organized, between August and September, joint site assessments in Metuge, Montepuez and Chiure districts in Cabo Delgado Province and Meconta District in Nampula Province. The coordinated efforts aimed at supporting the Government in improving the living conditions of IDPs. The objective is relocate them from the current collective centres, where they face harsh living conditions, to areas identified by local authorities for coordinated service provision.
The cluster has also trained Government officials and workers from Metuge and Quissanga districts on camp coordination and management, to facilitate future resettlement.
At least 360 casual workers providing services for IDPs in Cabo Delgado have been trained on prevention of sexual exploitation and abuse over the last month.
In central Momzabique, the CCCM Cluster has finalized the demarcation of 1,422 plots for the Cyclone Idai affected population. In coordination with WFP, FAO and INGC, partners have also updated the numbers of families and people living in all Sofala and Manica resettlement sites. A guideline has been developed with national authorities to include regulate the possibility of resettling other families in need in addition to Cyclone Idai survivors.
The Cluster is now working with UNDP, GREPOC and DPDTA to legalize the household plots at the resettlement sites in Sofala and Manica provinces and issue their DUAT certificate (right to use and benefit from land, in the Portuguese). This will provide support to partners in constructing permanent shelters.
In Sofala, only three resettlement Sites in Dondo District will have the DUAT process supported by UNDP. The remaining 26 resettlements sites and 28 in Manica are not included in this process.
In Cabo Delgado, continuous assessments to identify the extend of needs and response in hard-to-reach areas are still challenging.