Increasing violence in Cabo Delgado continues to drive massive displacement. According to the latest IOM’s Displacement Tracking Matrix (DTM) assessment, by the end of 2020, nearly 670,000 people were internally displaced in Cabo Delgado (607,100), Nampula (59,960) and Niassa (978). Almost 580,000 people were uprooted from their homes in 2020 alone. In addition, over 1,200 people have been displaced by violence in Sofala (134) and Zambezia (1,084) provinces.
Overall, trends since June 2020 denote a progressive increase in the number of internally displaced people in all districts in Cabo Delgado Province, except for Palma (decrease of 33 per cent - 11,565 individuals), Ancuabe (decrease of 872 individuals), and Pemba (decrease of 1,957 individuals).
More than 90 per cent of people displaced in Cabo Delgado, Nampula, Niassa, Zambezia and Sofala provinces live with friends and relatives, while a small percentage of families live in temporary shelters, formal and informal sites or in partially destroyed houses.
Finally, according to the DTM assessment, the top three priority needs identified for people displaced in Cabo Delgado were food assistance (95 per cent of localities), shelter (90 per cent) and access to safe drinking water (38 per cent). These results are consistent with the trends observed in previous assessments. Additional priority needs identified in localities hosting displaced people include non-food items (34 per cent of localities), access to income-generating activities (31 per cent), sanitation and hygiene (20 per cent), access to education (7 per cent), and access to documents (5 per cent).
In addition, displacement and resettlement sites across Mozambique remain a critical hotspot for COVID-19 transmissions, due to the limited access to basic services, including water, sanitation and health attention. There are reports of at least 6,000 people leaving resettlement sites due to the fear of contracting the disease.
In Nothern Mozambique, CCCM Cluster partners organized, between October 2020 and December 2020, nine joint site assessments in Ancuabe, Chiure and Metuge districts in Cabo Delgado Province. The coordinated efforts are aimed at determining suitability of site locations for relocation of people internally displaced and ensuring minimum standards are in place prior to any movements.
A total of 23 sites have been assessed and site planning and development started in 7 sites. Displaced people were relocated to two sites, while development activities continued in the other five settlements to ensure viable living conditions and adequate space for various service provision activities, including for COVID-19 prevention and response.
Across the sites under development by CCCM teams in Northern Mozambique, 4,122 plots have been demarcated, 6,247 plots are under development, and 1,664 have been occupied across 3 functioning sites. A distribution of 156 solar streetlights are planned to reduce protection concerns across the sites and 40 solar lights are under installation at Corrane settlement in Nampula Province.
The CCCM cluster team carried out two technical trainings on site planning, site demarcation and use of GPS devices, including on the job mentoring. A total 12 officials from the provincial government were trained at the Provincial Directorate of Land and Territorial Planning and 13 technical officials from Metuge (6), Chuire(3) and Ancuabe (4) districts were also trained. Plans are in place to carry out further trainings in 2021.
In Cabo Delgado, continuous assessments to identify the extent of needs and response in hard-to-reach areas remains challenging due to insecurity.
The attacks in Mocimboa da Praia and Muidumbe have hampered data collection efforts in these districts and due to inaccessibility, these districts could not be assessed.