More than 250,000 persons are displaced by violence in Cabo Delgado with spill-over effect to Nampula and Niassa provinces. Protection to displaced people and host communities is needed to avoid recruitment of children into armed groups, kidnapping of women and girls and abuse of power by security personnel.
There is a need of integrated emergency support (including WASH, Shelter, NFI, Protection and Health) and access to adequate services and infrastructure in new sites identified by the government in Metuge to relocate approximately 25,000 IDPs currently accommodated in schools.
According to INGC, Nampula Province is currently hosting 9,180 individuals, most of them accommodated in transit centre in Namialo. Shelter, Food and NFI items support are the main priority needs identified through rapid assessments carried out by clusters partners in this district. IDPs also need support on Wash items and services.
There are more than 95,000 IDPs in Central Mozambique to date and continued advocacy needed to ensure sustainable durable solutions for them. Main needs include, but not limited to lack of durable shelter, limited access to income generating activities. Centrality of protection must be ensured throughout the entire emergency response cycle, including the recovery phase of the response.
Protection needs due to COVID-19 across the country are varied and the Protection Cluster is carrying out an analysis to better understand the impact on vulnerable populations.
The negative impact, including secondary impacts of COVID-19, on vulnerable groups, including in urban and peri-urban areas among poor households are significant and the impact on income-generating activities and access of persons with specific needs to services are limited.
There were reported cases of approximately two young girls that were sexually assaulted by security forces in Ibo Island, and 20 women and girls kidnapped and exposed to GBV while detained by armed factions in Mocimboa da Praia and Quissanga districts, that need to be rescued and provided with psycho-social and legal support, according to the District and Provincial attorney and the GBV response Integrated Mechanism.
In order to provide the adequate integrated support to women and girls GBV survivors, the Secção de Atendimento a Familia e Menores Víctimas de Violência identified the need of five tents and equipment to provide this service for the survivors in Metuge, Pemba, Chiúre and Mecufi.
Forty social workers in eight districts (Ibo, Macomia, Quissanga, Pemba, Metuge, Montepuez, Chiúre, Mecufi) need support with telecommunication (cellphones) to ensure the continuity of GBV response services and regular reporting of cases to the other actors of the integrated GBV response mechanism (DPGCAS, Police, Health and IPAJ).
Protection Cluster partners have targeted 9,180 IDPs in Nampula, 26,485 in Montepuez, about 25,000 in Metuge and 20,000 in Ibo, and two rapid needs assessments on IDP populations from Montepuez and Namialo in Nampula have taken place already.
Focus group discussions on IDP intentions and host population perceptions took place in Metuge area in coordination with CE/AAP WG (Community Engagement and Accountability to Affected Populations Working Group).
A Nampula Protection Working Group was activated in June 2020 due to arrival of IDPs in the Province. Several rapid protection needs assessments conducted in Namialo District and the Nampula PWG has taken part in NFI distribution for the IDPs in the Province
Vulnerability criteria and prioritization guideline developed as well as the Protection Cluster Strategy for Mozambique updated until December 2020.
Advocacy Note on centrality of protection in recovery efforts during Idai Response Recovery Phase developed together with Department of Gender, Children and Social Affairs in Sofala Province.
Principled movement of people to be ensured to the greatest extent possible during relocation of persons displaced by violence in Cabo. Community consultations with displaced people and host communities in Metuge District completed in July 2020 continued advocacy on humanitarian access in Cabo Delgado and a more coordinated response to respond to serious protection cases such as abuse of power by security personnel. Such advocacy is carried out on all levels (national and sub-national).
Cluster partners have provided masks for 1,000 IDPs and vulnerable host community members for COVID-19 prevention that were produced by women and girls IDPs attending vocational and life-skills sessions as part of psycho social support, in three Women Friendly Spaces located in Pemba, Metuge and Montepuez .
Centrality of protection in recovery efforts in central Mozambique must be ensured and a protection risk assessment conducted as part of recovery activities. Vulnerable individuals prioritized for assistance in the creation of sustainable durable solutions in resettlement neighborhoods.
Lack of humanitarian access to crisis-affected populations in northern Districts of Cabo Delgado hamper the effective needs-based delivery of humanitarian assistance to all crisis-affected populations.
Deterioration of humanitarian situation in Northern Mozambique and serious human rights violations, including abuse of power by security personnel on the rise and response structures must be strengthened to meet the growing needs.
A number of humanitarian staff unable to enter the country to strengthen the response, especially in Cabo Delgado, as visas and entry permits not being issued due to COVID-19 State of Emergency.
In Cabo Delgado, Gender-based Violence (GBV) AoR partners have gaps in terms of technical knowledge and capacity to provide services (psycho-social support, GBV cases management, provision of integrated services, among others.
1458 emergency response toll-free hotline information on referral pathway, still requires wide dissemination among affected populations in Cabo Delgado.
In Nampula, the majority of the IDPs are dispersed and accommodated in family homes, rented houses and host families, making it difficult to cluster partners and the government to map and obtain the real number of IDPs.
There are no reception or transit centres in the communities hosting the IDPs in Nampula province, which makes the provision of a structured humanitarian assistance challenging.
There is a gap in terms of community workers in Nampula districts to carry out information and awareness campaign on good hygiene and sanitation practices, sexual and reproductive health services and to identify and report GBV cases among the IDPs ad host communities.
In Sofala, attention needs to be given to the establishment of permanent infra-structures for the continuity of integrated services for GBV survivors in the resettlement areas