In Cabo Delgado, the overlap of insecurity and climatic shocks with pre-existing vulnerabilities—including poverty, marginalization and harmful social and gender norms—significantly heightened protection risks.
As a result of the interlocking shocks they are having to face, people in Cabo Delgado have been exposed to: violence against civilians, including loss of life; trafficking; exploitation, abuse and neglect; sexual and gender-based violence (GBV); sexual exploitation and abuse; child labour; child marriage; and exclusion and discrimination related to lack of documentation, land and property rights.
In other areas already affected by food insecurity, households are likely to exhaust what little savings they had and resort to negative coping mechanisms, including increasing child marriage and transactional sex.
There is a need for assistance to women and girls hosted in Pemba, Metuge and Montepuez (IDPs also move towards new areas, many of whom are already being displaced for the second time).
The reactivation of referral pathways that are no longer functional in most of the affected areas with limited access is also a priority.
It is needed remote support to GBV cases and their respective follow-up at community level, especially in districts with critical insecurity situations such as Macomia, Quissanga, Palma, Muidumbe and Mocimboa da Praia.
It will be important to conduct a safety audit visit with GBV/CP/Protection and SRH partners to assess GBV/SRH and Protection risks and needs and implement the necessary measures. Assess capacity for provision of mobile clinics on the sites for screening of MCH/FP and PSS.
There is a need to ensure the continuity of GBV services and reduce risks of COVID-19 for survivors.
In Cabo Delgado, coordination is ongoing with all provincial partners (DPGCAS, DPS, SDSMAS) on implementation of activities including COVID-19 response, such as GBV prevention, ensuring continuity of SHR services in Health Units.
The government-led Multisectoral Mechanism for GBV prevention and cases management (DPGCAS, DPS, IPAJ, PRM) in Cabo Delgado is already in place with an integrated service centre with a room with eight beds established, but still has not all the services covered.
In Sofala, UNHCR distributed of prevention materials (WASH kits) to 510 households within the scope of COVID-19 prevention in May. The list of beneficiaries included mostly girls and women heads of households, and people with disabilities.
With support from UNFPA, BeGirl, Mahlahle and PLAN International, a ToT was conducted on menstrual hygiene and management to 26 girls and focus groups involving 41 girls and 11 boys. At the same time, girls' panties with reusable dressings were distributed.
Community radio stations were engaged in the dissemination of spots about GBV and COVID-19.
Support was provided by DPGCAS and the Police to the multi-sectoral technical groups of GBV in Dondo and Nhamatanda, through work sessions, with the support of the District Attorneys, to raise the awareness of the community courts to report GBV cases to the competent authorities.
Additional support is likely to be needed in Macomia, Quissanga, Palma and Mocimboa da Praia, Cabo Delgado where there could be a potential increase in the incidence of violence.
Refer pathways for reporting of individuals in situations of vulnerability must be improved.
Movement restrictions are impacting the availability of critical support services for survivors of GBV.