Escalating violence in Cabo Delgado Province is increasing the need for protection services, especially for hundreds of thousands of people displaced by the conflict. Insecurity and displacement, also affecting people in the central region of the country, increase the risk of child abuse and exploitation, gender-based violence, and exposes already vulnerable people, including elderly and those living with disabilities to harsh conditions. Services are being disrupted, constraining access of people affected to life-saving assistance.
A new wave of displacement, with over 11,000 arriving in Pemba from the northern districts of Cabo Delgado over the last two weeks of October increases the need for services for people recently pushed from their homes due to insecurity.
Child Protection-specific assessments are urgently necessary for an in-depth picture of the situation of children displaced in Cabo Delgado, Nampula and Niassa, at the same time as a scaled up response to assist those fleeing violence.
Appropriate psychosocial support services for children within COVID-19 context is urgently needed.
The Protection Cluster providing services for newly displaced people arriving in Pemba over the last weeks of October, including through identifying vulnerable cases and information in local languages on existing services and where they can receive assistance and support.
The Protection Cluster has fostered the complementary capacity-building work among partners. On the week of 21 September, different UN agencies and NGOs participated in the training of Protection Focal Points, who will be directly engaging with displaced communities in Metuge District, Cabo Delgado. Referral groups training were also conducted in Balama and Ancuabe districts of the Province. In mid-September, the Protection Working Group in Nampula conducted a series of training on internal displacement for local authorities in Nacala a Velha, Memba and Erati-Namapa, reaching over 70 participants.
Joint multi-sectoral missions to assess the proposed resettlement sites in Metuge and Chiure districts were conducted at the end of September. The next step is to conduct community engagement exercises to assess the main needs and intentions of both IDP and host communities in Metuge and Chiure.
In Nampula Province, following the successful multi-sectoral assessment of Coranne site for the relocation of IDP families hosted in four accommodation centres in Namialo, preparations of the site to receive the IDPs are underway. Community consultations with the target communities concluded on 24 September and the finding will inform the relocation process.
The Nampula Protection Working Group distributed essential relief items to nearly 2,200 IDPs. The distributions were carried out in full observance of COVID-19 prevention measures.
In mid-September, UNHCR and UN Women conducted the third round of dialogue with women groups in Nampula city. The session was facilitated by OPHENTA and discussions focused on the rights and duties of IDP women and girls. These weekly dialogues involve 12 women per session.
Visa restrictions negatively impact the effective implementation of protection activities in Cabo Delgado.
The rapidly deterioration of humanitarian situation, coupled with the lack of humanitarian access to crisis-affected populations in northern Districts of Cabo Delgado, continue to hinder the effective delivery of assistance to all affected populations.
IDPs in Nampula are in need of urgent livelihood opportunities aimed at creating economic self-reliance.