Situation Report

Cluster Status

Food Security and Livelihoods

people reached in September 2020


  • Multiple crises, including recurrent climate shocks (drought and floods), conflict and violence and the impact of COVID19 are disrupting livelihoods across Mozambique and increasing food insecurity in the country. The situation is particularly concerning in the conflict-affected areas of Cabo Delgado, as well as Inhambane, Gaza, northern Maputo and southern Manica provinces.

  • According to estimations of the Food Security Cluster, nearly 4 million people are estimated to be acutely food insecure in Mozambique, due to the third consecutive year of drought in southern and some central regions of the country and the socio-economic consequences of the coronavirus pandemic. In Cabo Delgado, the Cluster estimates that more than 712,000 people require urgent food assistance.


  • Food Security and Livelihood partners are scaling up response, especially food assistance in preparation for the upcoming lean season that starts in November 2020. In addition, livelihood partners are also planning to support farmers during the major agricultural season, starting in October 2020.

  • More than 632,000 people received food assistance in September alone, and nearly 290,000 people were provided livelihood assistance during the winter agricultural season from May to August 2020. An additional 130,000 people are targeted to received agricultural inputs and other livelihoods support between September and December 2020.


  • Lack of resources is leading to food assistance pipeline breaks, particularly in conflict-affected areas of northern Mozambique.

  • Food Security needs for COVID-19 and drought-affected areas are not adequately covered and require additional funding.