Situation Report

Cluster Status

Food Security and Livelihoods

people in need in Cabo Delgado


  • Since 22 March, the outbreak of COVID-19, additional 2.5 million now totaling 4 million people are estimated to be food insecure across the country. This number is expected to increase further as the COVID-19 situation evolves while control measures including restrictions to basic services and market prevail.

  • According to the recent Famine Early Warning Systems Network (FEWS NET), Crisis level of food insecurity (IPC Phase 3) persists in Inhambane and Gaza provinces, northern Maputo and southern Manica areas, where poor rural households are facing food gaps as a result of the third consecutive year of drought and resulting into poor production and higher food prices .

  • In central Mozambique, Stressed level of food insecurity (IPC Phase 2) continue in provinces affected by cyclones and floods especially in Sofala, Manica and Tete provinces.

  • In Cabo Delgado, over 354,000 people including IDPs are estimated to be severely food insecure (IPC Phase 3) and in need of urgent humanitarian food assistance. A rapid multi-sectoral assessment took place in mid-July, in light of the government’s urgent decision to relocate internally displaced population (1,900 families) currently in Metuge District to the new accommodation site in Ngalane. The assessment found gaps related to access to basic services, such as: access to water, electricity, health, education and markets .


  • Food and Security Cluster (FSC) partners reached 196,000 food-insecure people with food assistance in June 2020.

  • For livelihood assistance, 127,649 people were provided livelihood assistance between April to June 2020 and 45,000 people planned to July to December 2020 (FAO- 25,000, SCI-15,000 and IrisGlobal-5,000).


  • Food security needs in the southern parts of the country affected by drought (Gaza and Inhambane provinces) are not part of current response plans (COVID-19 Flash Appeal and Cabo Delgado Rapid Response Plan). In the above areas in particularly southern semiarid areas (Gaza, Maputo and Inhambane provinces) and the southern portions of Manica and Sofala provinces, poor rural households are facing food gaps driven by the third consecutive year of drought (IPC Phase 3).

  • Limited funding to respond to diverse needs of different shocks affecting the country concurrently.