Situation Report

Cluster Status

Food Security and Livelihoods

severely food-insecure people


  • Prior to COVID-19, an estimated 2 million people were projected to be facing severe food insecurity (IPC Phase 3) across the country, including 160,000 people in Cabo Delgado. Households have not yet recovered from the devastation caused by Cyclones Idai and Kenneth that affected over 770,000 hectares of staple crops.

  • According to the recent Famine Early Warning Systems Network (FEWS NET) estimates, many poor households in Cabo Delgado are expected to continue facing Crisis (IPC Phase 3) outcomes through September 2020. The latter might result in a severe deterioration of the overall food and nutrition security which could have a significant impact on livelihood.

  • Due to rainfall deficits in most provinces, crop growing conditions were generally worse than last year and average conditions.

  • The population in rural areas affected by deficit and/or irregular rainfall is also food insecure due to lower production of staple foods such as maize.

  • Additionally, in Maputo and Matola cities, some 300,000 people are in need of food assistance.

  • The reduction in rice imports foreseen by trade restrictions may reduce availability and increase price of imported rice.


  • Few residual caseloads of about 316,000 people will continue to be assisted from resettlement centres and residual caseloads.


  • One of the major gaps is the limited funding to respond to diverse needs due to different shocks affecting the country concurrently.

  • Currently, the Cluster coordination position is not funded.