Multiple crises, including recurrent climate shocks (drought and floods), conflict and violence and the impact of COVID-19 are disrupting livelihoods across Mozambique and increasing food insecurity in the country. The situation is particularly concerning in the conflict-affected areas of Cabo Delgado, as well as Inhambane, Gaza, northern Maputo and southern Manica provinces.
In the northern region, conflict and erratic weather have disrupted communities’ agricultural activities and livelihoods. By the end of 2020, nearly 840,000 people in Cabo Delgado, Niassa and Nampula were facing Crisis or Emergency levels of food insecurity (IPC Phase 3 and 4), while disruption of markets due to insecurity has driven up the cost of food and household items.
Across the country, at least 2.7 million people were facing severe hunger by the end of the year, majority of them, 1.9 million people, in the rural areas of Mozambique.
Food Security and Livelihood partners scaled up the response, despite security and funding challenges.
The Government’s National Institute of Social Action (INAS) and humanitarian partners, led by WFP and UNICEF, implemented the activities under the COVID-19 response plan in Cabo Delgado (Montepuez, Metuge, Chiure and Mecufi districts), Maputo and Gaza provinces (Inhaca, matutuine and Chicualacuala).
In Cabo Delgado, Food Security partners reached at least 745,800 people with food assistance in December 2020, out of a nearly 979,000 planned.
Partners reached almost 294,000 people with livelihoods assistance in Cabo Delgado during the main agricultural season from September to December 2020, while over 113,000 people received agricultural inputs, support and training in December.
Food Security needs for COVID-19 and conflict-affected areas were not adequately covered due to funding gaps, especially following a rapidly deterioration of the situation.