Violence and displacements in Cabo Delgado
The humanitarian situation in Cabo Delgado province of Mozambique significantly deteriorated over the last eight months, due to consecutive climatic shocks, insecurity and violence, leading to wide displacements of people, disruption of livelihoods and lack of access to basic services. Over the past months, attacks have increased in scale and scope, with Mocimboa da Praia, Macomia and Quissanga districts hardest-hit. Displacement has risen rapidly as violence has escalated, with more than 250,000 people now estimated to be internally displaced in the province, according to the latest reports. Partners and local authorities are currently conducting assessments across the northern region (mainly Cabo Delgado, Nampula and Niassa districts), to identify new sites for relocation/resettlement of IDPs. Food insecurity has also increased due to violence and disruption of livelihoods. The overlap of insecurity and climatic shocks with pre-existing vulnerabilities in Cabo Delgado—including poverty, marginalization and harmful social and gender norms—significantly heightened protection risks. Due to the escalation in violence, humanitarian access in Cabo Delgado widely reduced in 2020, and humanitarian organizations working in the province are currently facing significant challenges to reaching people in need. Recent attacks on district capitals in Mocimboa da Praia, Quissanga, Muidumbe and Macomia districts have forced many humanitarian actors to temporarily withdraw from vital hub locations into Pemba and Maputo, reducing their ability to assess and respond to rising needs. At the same time, road transport has proven challenging throughout the province as roads and infrastructure are in poor condition and remain susceptible to weather conditions. It is estimated that about 1 million people are critically isolated due to violence and insecurity in the districts of Macomia, Meluco, Quissanga, Mocimboa da Praia, Mueda, Muidumbe, Nangade and Palma.
On 4 June 2020, the Humanitarian Country Team in collaboration with the National Institute of Disaster Management (INGC) launched a Rapid Response for Cabo Delgado aimed at scale-up urgent life-saving, life-supporting assistance and protection to 354,000 people in the period May-December 2020. The total required funding for the plan is US$ 35.5 million. A total of $7 million has already been mobilized through the Central Emergency Response Fund (CERF), allowing humanitarian partners to urgently kick-start operations in view of the rapidly deteriorating situation in the province.