Nigeria

Situation Report

Highlights

  • Up to 5.1 million people risk being critically food insecure during the next lean season (June - August 2021), a level similar to 2016-2017 when famine was looming over Borno State
  • The UN Central Emergency Fund has allocated $15 million for urgent food aid. The Humanitarian Coordinator has called for the international community to follow and step up support
  • The number of people in need of urgent assistance in north-east Nigeria rose from 7.9 million at the beginning of 2020 to 10.6 million since the onset of COVID-19
  • Borno, Adamawa and Yobe states recorded COVID-19 cases, some in IDP camps. Aid actors have adapted the response, including setting up hand washing stations and quarantine shelters
  • Despite challenges, aid workers have already reached over 3.6 million people with life-saving assistance in Borno, Adamawa and Yobe states since the beginning of the year
Nigeria Situation Update Photo
November 2020, Bakassi IDP camp, Maiduguri - Aisha Usman's daughter Falmata is one year old and malnourished. Aisha herself is sick and has no money to see a doctor to get treated. Her husband left her after stealing all her gold and she has lost everything. She is supported by UNHCR and GISCOR who conduct protection screening in the camp and organise mobile legal court sessions in the camp. Aisha is hoping she will obtain justice and her husband will pay her for the gold he has stolen from her. Photo: OCHA/Eve Sabbagh

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Situation Report

Key Figures

10.6M
People in need of humanitarian assistance
7.8M
People targeted for humanitarian aid
1.9M
People internally displaced
4.3M
People in need of food security assistance
1.1M
People in need of nutrition assistance
1.2M
People in inaccessible areas

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Situation Report

Funding

$1.1B
Required
$535.2M
Received
50%
Progress
FTS

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Contacts

Trond Jensen

Head of Office, OCHA Nigeria

Eve Sabbagh

Head of Public Information, OCHA Nigeria

Nigeria

Situation Report
Background
Copy of WHD2020 #RealLifeHeroes SM Template (2)

Situation Overview

In July, the execution of five civilians in Borno State, among whom three aid workers, sent shock waves throughout the humanitarian community. The UN Secretary-General and the Humanitarian Coordinator in Nigeria vehemently condemned the killings and reiterated calls that humanitarians and civilians should never be targeted and should be protected at all times. Their lives, and the lives of all humanitarians who were killed in the line of service, were commemorated and honored on World Humanitarian Day on 19 August, under the theme “Real Life Heroes”. On this occasion, people across Nigeria paid tribute to aid workers on the frontlines, including health workers and community volunteers who steadfastly continue to deliver support to those in need amid the COVID-19 pandemic.

Insecurity along roads is a grave concern for the safety of aid workers and civilians, particularly as non-state armed groups increasingly set up illegal vehicular checkpoints (ICVPs) along main supply routes. In July, a total of 14 ICVP incidents were recorded, mainly in Borno State, up from a five such incidents in June. In August, the trend increased even further with 16 incidents recorded over the month. This concerning trend not only presents risks for aid workers and other civilians of being abducted or killed, but also impedes the delivery of life-saving assistance.

The ongoing rainy season is also constraining the transport of relief items, as heavy rains and subsequent flooding across Borno, Adamawa and Yobe (BAY) states are exacerbating road conditions and key supply routes are nearly impassable. Furthermore, heavy rainfalls have affected tens of thousands of civilians, mostly internally displaced persons, living in camps and camp-like settings across the BAY states. In July and August, heavy rainfalls and floods affected nearly 100,000 people (20,935 households) across the operational areas and humanitarians promptly pumped out water and provided sandbags, emergency shelter repair kits and other urgent relief items.

The rainy season also poses additional risks for the outbreak of endemic diseases like malaria and cholera, and humanitarian organizations combined awareness-raising and prevention with continued efforts to prevent the spread of COVID-19. Partners continued to raise awareness on disease outbreaks and hygiene measures to prevent COVID-19, as well as promoted proper hygiene in camps and host communities.

Overcrowding in camps and camp-like settings also increases the risks of disease outbreaks, and the humanitarian community continues to advocate for the decongestion of IDP camps. A decongestion strategy is under development by the CCCM and shelter sectors in order to expand IDP camps and build additional shelters to mitigate risks.

While partners are advocating for the decongestion of camps, the Borno State Government urged the Borno State Task Force on the Return of Refugees and IDPs to accelerate the process to resettle IDPs in early August, with hopes to relocate all IDPs from Maiduguri to their Local Government Areas of origin by May 2021. On 10 August, the Borno State Government resettled 500 IDPs in Monguno to their area of origin in Kukawa LGA. Humanitarian partners, who are not currently on ground in Kukawa, were however not engaged in the process and there are concerns many IDP returnees in Kukawa are left without basic assistance or protection services, raising concerns whether the conditions for IDPs are conducive to allow for resettlement. Humanitarian partners are continuing to advocate for all returns to be in line with the Kampala Convention and for the conditions to allow for safe, voluntary and dignified returns.

Humanitarian partners continue to deliver assistance despite additional challenges posed by COVID-19, heightened insecurity and access constraints. Funding for the Humanitarian Response Plan 2020 is however at a historic low. As of end of August, only 33 per cent of the total $1.08 billion funding appeal to provide life-saving assistance for 7.8 million people had been received. A high-level online event “North-east Nigeria: Act Now, Avert the Worst” was held on 13 August to raise awareness of the worsening humanitarian crisis in the north-east. For this high-level briefing, the UN Resident and Humanitarian Coordinator, Mr Edward Kallon, was joined by the Minister of Humanitarian Affairs, Disaster Management and Social Development, Hajiya Sadiya Umar Farouq and Borno State Governor, Prof Babagana Zulum, as well as other UN and NGO representatives. Together the panel stressed that the COVID-19 pandemic exacerbates the dire humanitarian situation in Borno, Adamawa and Yobe states, and risks wreaking havoc on the most vulnerable population. The high-level event also called on urgent funding to avoid reversing progress made since the joint humanitarian response started in 2015.

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Situation Report

Sector Status

Child Protection Sub-Sector

1.8M
People targeted for child protection
$27.3M
Funding required (USD)

Needs

There is growing concern that the deferred opening of schools due to the COVID-19 pandemic control measures in north-east Nigeria will continue to heighten the risks of children to be neglected and exposed to violence at community level. This risk is even more heightened for girls, particularly adolescent girls who are the least likely to resume school once they reopen and face being subject to child marriage and sexual violence.

Through the LGA-level child protection coordination mechanisms, the Child Protection Sub-Sector (CPSS) has identified gaps in the delivery of child protection case management and mental health and psychosocial support services. These gaps were reported in Borno’s Gwoza LGA, including Pulka and Mafa, as well as in several LGAs in Yobe. Whilst some child protection actors have been identified to cover some of the gaps, the critical underfunding of the child protection humanitarian response in north-east Nigeria at a time of growing needs in child protection services due to the COVID-19 pandemic remains a major challenge.

Response

The Child Protection Sub-Sector (CPSS) conducted a virtual orientation session on referrals in child protection. The session enhanced child protection actors understanding of the purposes of referrals and how they should be used in a safe and timely manner while fostering the child’s best interests.

Through the LGA-level child protection coordination mechanisms, the CPSS documented messages from children about concerns and hopes for their well-being. Once reviewed and collated, these messages will be translated and recorded with the support of TWB and will be available in audio, art and written format. The messages will also inform the Humanitarian Planning Cycle (HPC) for 2021 as part of measures to enhance child participation and child-centric planning in the humanitarian response.

Gaps

To continue promoting integration of child protection in other sectors, the CPSS will hold an orientation session for the Logistics Sector. This session will identify linkages between the two sectors and how logistics actors can help prevent and mitigate protection risks for children.

The CPSS will conduct a new consultation with child protection actors in Adamawa, Borno and Yobe states.

Whilst the LGA-level coordination mechanisms have been strengthened in Borno State and the Mubi axis in Adamawa State, there is a clear need to strengthen LGA child protection coordination mechanisms in local areas in Adamawa and Yobe states. To this end, the CPSS will work closely with the relevant ministries responsible for child welfare to identify child protection actors with the capacity to take on the role of child protection focal point agencies in selected LGAs. In addition, the CPSS will offer support in identifying a child protection actor to support the state-level child protection coordination in Yobe State.

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Visual

Child Protection Sub-Sector

Renovated Emergency Pediatric Wards - Maiduguri - Nigeria

The Emergency Pediatric Wards at the University Of Maiduguri Teaching Hospital, which were renovated with the support of Plan International. The renovation was done as part of the COVID-19 response to provide children affected by COVID-19 as well as other children the medical support they need. Photo: Plan International

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Situation Report

Sector Status

Shelter and Non-Food Items

$76.3M
Funding required (USD)
1.0M
People targeted for Shelter/NFI support

Needs

At the end of September, 55,464 Household (HH) needed shelter and 64,373 HH needed NFI assistance across Borno, Adamawa and Yobe states. The shelter/NFIs needs are generated by forced displacement due to attacks, natural disaster, and poor living conditions. According to Sector partners reports, the majority of the affected populations in need are Internally Displaced Persons (IDPs) in camps, IDPs in host community and returnees who are living in makeshift shelters or shelters that are either partially or completely damaged and affected by floods. Up to 1,522 HH of IDPs , including 800 HH in Magumeri and 627 HH in Gongulong, were sleeping out in the open and constrained to use inadequate materials to construct provisional shelters. They have limited access to NFIs and fully rely on humanitarian assistance to survive. A better, durable solution is needed to address the risks and vulnerabilities of the affected population and reduce dependency on humanitarian assistance. The volatile security situation has immensely affected the response. Shelter and NFI Sector activities (Shelter and NFI) have been hindered and Partners movements are restricted. Areas where people are most in need, such as Magumeri, are hard to reach for aid workers. Indeed, a needs assessment conducted in Magumeri in August highlighted the urgent need for shelter and NFI for the new arrivals. However, they have not yet received assistance due to the difficulty to access the area. Land Issues continue to affect humanitarian action directly across Borno State Local Government Areas (LGAs) since most available land is outside the military safety perimeter, where movement is restricted.

Response

In September, the Shelter Monitoring committee conducted a monitoring visit to observe practices and make recommendations for improvements to ongoing shelter construction by its active shelter partners in Borno State. The Sector carried out field visits to evaluate the proposed decongestion of IDP hosting sites in Dikwa. The sector, shelter partners and government authorities continue working together towards a coordinated approach for the decongestion strategy to ensure that vulnerable displaced populations in need of durable shelter benefit properly from the response. Across Borno, Adamawa and Yobe (BAY) states, shelter needs for 1,032 HH were addressed, including emergency shelter, emergency shelter kits distribution and shelter rehabilitation. A total of 2,880 individuals received 576 HH emergency shelter kits. This response is designed to provide temporary and immediate shelter assistance. Another 97 HH were assisted with emergency shelter (Bama type), and 359 HH were supported with the rehabilitation of the damaged permanent structure.

Lastly, 29,626 people were provided with NFI kits, necessary for daily use and aimed at improving the dignity of the affected population.

Gaps

The Shelter/NFI/CCCM Sectors are working with their partners to scale up the provision of immediate life-saving assistance to meet Shelter and NFIs needs, but also ensure preparedness through prepositioning sufficient contingency NFIs and Shelter stocks in key areas across the BAY states.

The Shelter/NFI and CCCM Sectors continue to focus on coordinating the provision of minimum assistance packages for IDPs in hosting sites and addressing access issues in collaboration with authorities.

Access remains difficult for humanitarian agencies to reach the most vulnerable and affected populations who need services. Progress is being made in close collaboration with all agencies and government to ensure that vulnerable individuals are benefitting from all basic amenities. The Shelter response continues to be significantly delayed compared to NFIs due to the lack of land available for construction. The Sector continues to advocate for more land through various means.

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Sector Status

Protection (General)

$25.1M
Funding required (USD)
2.5M
People targeted for protection assistance

Needs

The security situation across Borno, Adamawa and Yobe (BAY) states continues to remain volatile. In September there were multiple attempts by non-state armed group (NSAG) operatives to infiltrate IDP camps, such as in Banki, in Bama LGA, and in Jere LGA, in Borno State.

There were at least 22 abduction in September, mostly targeting IDPs cultivating crops in their farmlands or fetching firewood for subsistence across locations such as MMC, Damboa, Mobbar (Damasak) and Ngala LGAs in Borno State.

In Adamawa State, organised criminal groups continued to target civilians and humanitarian actors; while in Yobe State, threats of NSAG attacks particularly in  return communities in Gujba LGA remained high throughout September, causing panic among populations. 

Critical challenges for affected people including lack of livelihood opportunities, food insecurity and inflated prices have increased tension across IDP camps and host communities, forcing affected and vulnerable populations to adopt negative coping mechanisms including transactional sex and street begging. The Borno State Government's plan to return IDPs to some LGAs witnessing escalating clashes and attacks raised concerns of safety and continued access of IDPs to critical assistance and services. Many of the areas listed for IDP relocation are still inaccessible to aid agencies due to ongoing insecurity.

Response

In September, the Protection Sector stepped up advocacy with key actors, including state and local authorities, protection partners and other sectors, to ensure that affected people’s protection needs were highlighted and addressed. Protection partners also conducted a joint rapid assessment at Muna El Badawee camp in Jere LGA of Borno, where there was an influx of new arrivals following attacks in neighbouring locations.

Various assessments in September revealed that many IDPs wish to return to their areas of origin, providing certain conditions, particularly adequate security and provision of basic amenities, are met by authorities. The Sector engaged with protection actors to coordinate data collection regarding IDP return intentions and conditions in return areas. The Sector advocated, including with local authorities, donors and the Humanitarian Country Team (HCT), for an inclusive process that involves inputs from IDP communities and protection actors for all relocation activities.

The Sector also facilitated high level meetings to present and articulate the position of the humanitarian community to ensure a principled and sustainable returns process. Discussions on the 2021 Humanitarian Response Plan (HRP) have been initiated, and the Protection Sector North-East (PSNE) is engaging with relevant partners on finalising indicators and People in Need (PiN) elements. The Sector also partook and contributed to the finalization of indicators for the Safe Access to Fuel and Energy (SAFE) activities.

Gaps

The deteriorating security situation remains the main cause of displacements. Ongoing unilateral relocation of IDPs by Borno State Government, expected to continue in the coming weeks despite safety and security risks triggered by escalating attacks and clashes, is a major concern for Sector partners. The Sector and its partners are likely to face serious challenges in this regard, especially as some of the relocations are taking place at short notice and to areas which are still inaccessible to humanitarian actors. The Sector will continue to advocate for voluntary, safe, principled and sustainable returns and durable solutions, and coordinate data collection, including by finalising its harmonised protection monitoring tool.

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Situation Report

Sector Status

Education

$54.5M
Funding required (USD)
3.1M
People targeted for education assistance

Needs

After six months of closure due to the COVID-19 pandemic, the Federal Ministry of Education asked for schools to reopen and Borno, Adamawa and Yobe (BAY) states published their revised school calendar from October to December 2020. Ahead of schools reopening, the Education Sector emphasized the need to implement risk mitigation measures to ensure the safety of pupils including of displaced children across camps and host communities. The Sector identified priority needs and actions, such as fumigating and disinfecting classrooms and Temporary Learning Spaces (TLS), training teachers on risk mitigation measures, and providing appropriate WASH facilities in every school to minimize risks. The need for a simple document that provides guidelines or a checklist to help governments safely reopen schools was also highlighted.

In September, the Education Sector also discussed the need to harmonize the methodology used to count children reached through radio or remote learning. Government and non-governmental actors each have their respective methodologies which create challenges for data management and analysis.

Response

In September, the Sector organized several meetings with the Education Cannot Wait (ECW) global fund to prepare a multi-year resilience programme (MYRP) for Nigeria. A consultant was recruited and is now working with the Education in Emergencies Working Group (EiEWG) secretariat and ECW advisors to develop the MYRP proposal.

On the International Day to Protect Education from Attack (9 September), EiEWG and partners organised various activities throughout the BAY states between 7-10 September, to which participated children, community members, state legislators, military and other government actors. A global webinar brought different stakeholders together, including the Global Coalition to Protect Education from Attack (GCPEA), the Permanent Secretary of the Federal Ministry of Education (FMoE), and Education Sector partners. A joint press statement from the Ministers of Education, Defence and Humanitarian Affairs reiterating commitment to protect education from attacks was also issued.

In September, EIEWG also facilitated engagements with National NGOs and Civil Society Organizations (CSOs) in Borno State to discuss localization and ways to further protect education from attacks.

The Sector developed an agreed methodology to estimate the number of learners reached through radio lessons aired by local radio stations across the BAY states. The process also allowed Sector partners to identify learners who need access to radio devices.

Gaps

In September, lack of funding prevented Sector partners from covering all targeted LGAs with radio education programmes. Additional funds would allow more children to benefit from remote education programmes.

The Sector is working closely with the Education ministries across the BAY states to develop practical school calendars that include TLS in IDP camps and to ensure presence of teachers in all schools to be re-opened.

Funding shortfall is hindering partners’ support towards a safe school reopening, whereas the disinfection and fumigation of over 500 schools and installation of hand washing facilities to mitigate risk of COVID-19 are urgently needed.

The guidelines for safe school reopening need to be contextualized and simplified at the state and community levels so that headteachers and school managers can use them to ensure monitoring and compliance with safety measures across schools and TLS. The Sector is planning to support State Universal Basic Education Boards (SUBEBs) on the contextualization of this technical tool in the coming weeks.

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Visuals and Data
Humanitarian Dashboard (January to June 2020)

North-East Nigeria Humanitarian Dashboard (January to June 2020)

Between January and June, the United Nations and humanitarian partners have reached a total of 2.6 million people with humanitarian assistance (around 34 percent of the people targeted) across 61 Local Government Areas (LGAs) in Borno, Adamawa, and Yobe States of north-east Nigeria. Life-saving emergency interventions remain the immediate priority. Despite significant achievements by the humanitarian community, millions of affected people are still facing hunger; lack protection; have limited or no access to health facilities or to water, sanitation and hygiene; or live in overcrowded camp conditions, with some of them still sleeping in the open. In various areas across the three states, levels of acute malnutrition for children under five are above emergency thresholds. The impact of the ongoing COVID-19 pandemic, rising insecurity and funding shortfalls still pose challenges to aid organisations providing urgent assistance to some of the most vulnerable people in north-east Nigeria.

Full dashboard here

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Situation Report
Feature
Falmata
Falmata (right) is relaxed and busy in knitting a traditional cap. Photo: CIDAR

Greater safety for vulnerable women and girls in camps

For women and girls living in IDP camps, the most natural everyday actions can be source of anxiety and danger. Falmata Bukar, 25, tells us how an intervention from Center for Integrated Development and Research (CIDAR) is making her feel more secure and helping her lead a life in dignity.

Falmata fled her home in Mafa Local Government Area of Borno State four years ago. She and her siblings are living alone in the Muna El-Badawi Camp, on the outskirts of Borno State capital Maiduguri. Falmata refuses to be lingering in the camp and sitting idle causes her frustration. She can be seen knitting caps for several hours in front of her shelter. The occupation brings her some revenue to support her family.

She however had, until recently, been living in constant apprehension. She had been concerned about her extreme vulnerability every time she had to go to ease herself. Toilets blocks in the camp were far away from her shelter and in deplorable state as nobody was willing to wash them, and the smell was intolerable. Some organisations used to give detergent, disinfectants and cleaning tools at regular intervals but these were never sufficient to maintain the facilities. Many IDPs preferred open defecation to entering the toilet blocks, and the entire area used to smell. And it was even worse when it was raining.

Falmata and other women and girls in her part of the camp preferred to go to nearby bushes. Fulmata recalls how stressful this was for her as she had to wait for hours and was often going in the dark, at night. She felt unprotected and unsafe. She always tried to accompany someone from the family or asked a friend to escort her. This was nerve-racking and she was extremely uncomfortable.

On 23 May, a fire broke out in the camp and ravaged many shelters in the camp. All her belonging were burned down to ashes. Many aid organisations provided immediate support, With funding from the NHF, CIDAR constructed six blocks of latrines and showers close to where her shelter was rebuilt. “Now, I don’t fear for safety when I need to go to the toilets anymore,” explained Falmata. “I feel safer even when I have to go alone at night. These toilets are protected and covered. Women, girls and children can make use of these sanitation facilities at any time of the day and night.”

Falmata’s family and neighbours receive support from CIDAR to clean, disinfect and conduct general maintenance of these sanitation facilities. Toilet Users’ Groups have been constituted to look after newly constructed sanitation facilities (WASHCOMs) and they conduct the daily cleaning. “Even our younger brothers and sisters now easily go to the toilets. Fear of going to the toilets is now history!” she said, laughing.

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Situation Report

Sector Status

Camp Coordination and Camp Management

1.2M
People targeted for CCCM support
$26.5M
Funding required (USD)

Needs

In August, 5,840 individuals arrived in DIP camps or host communities and 2,164 people departed camps or communities across various locations in Borno and Adamawa states. The highest number of arrivals were recorded in Mobbar LGA (1,981 individuals), Gwoza (616), Monguno (598), Bama (415), Askira/Uba (324) and Ngala (221).

Following a fire incident in Ngala IS camp, SEMA, in collaboration with CCCM partners, started relocating IDPs to Zulum camp with the aim to decongest IS camp. The government also communicated to CCCM partners its intention to return some IDPs to nearby villages of Ngala.

Additionally, CCCM partners conducted three assessments – in Magumeri LGA, Gongulong and Kessa Kura (Jere LGA) and Bolori II ward (MMC) – to identifying infrastructural gaps on site and activate advocacy and referral mechanisms for rapid response and interventions. These locations have been a priority to the Sector, Government counterparts (NEMA/SEMA) and operational partners who are coordinating a swift response to rising needs due to recent influxes of IDPs.

Sector partners also recorded an increased need for Food assistance which was cited as priority need for 72,064 households (HH) in comparison to 67,328 HH in July. Shelter reinforcement kits were mentioned by 41,362 HH and NFI Kits by 150,838 HH in August, which is a decrease in needs compared to July when 47,095 HH mentioned shelter kits and 160,565 HH NFI kits, as reported by the CCCM partners across Borno, Adamawa and Yobe states.

Response

Sector partners mobilized resources to respond to the need for shelter reinforcement kits and released stockpiled material for 974 HH. Operational partners swiftly responded to needs in Magumeri LGA and Gongulong and Kessa Kure in Jere LGA and provided basic lifesaving services. CCCM partners continue to undertake Risk Communication and Community Mobilization actions to complement regular camp management awareness-rai activities through small groups sessions or at household level to sensitize affected population to COVID-19 preventive measures, following WHO/NCDC guidelines. CCCM partners are also working in collaboration with health partners and other stakeholders to address issues around surveillance and border monitoring. The porous nature of the camps, especially the informal sites with no perimeter wall or demarcated entry and exit points, remain hindering factors to the COVID-19 response. The Sector and partners, alongside government counterparts, continue to scale up coordination in camps and camp-like settings. The CCCM Sector continues to work closely with the Protection Sector as well as partners on sites and local authorities to ensure community mobilization, sensitization, and implementation of complaints and feedback mechanism.

Gaps

Congestion has been the Sector’s main priority since the beginning of the year. Progress has been made towards securing adequate land to ensure a proper decongestion of highly congested camps. This aims to enhance a more standard CCCM intervention, foster adequate communication and generate a positive impact to the hygiene and environmental health campaigns on sites. The sector will continue to scale up its land allocation advocacy and the pace to implement the approved decongestion strategy by the Government. The Sector and partners will embark on a rigorous community mobilization and sensitization to assess perceptions, understand potential fears and expectations around the decongestion process, and to foster greater ownership by local authorities and their close coordination and guidance.

Measures taken to reinforce CCCM activities in camps and camp-like settings have positively impacted aid delivery such as more dignified and improved lives for the affected populations.

The Sector will continue to follow up and coordinate the response to damages incurred by heavy rainfalls and floods during the rainy season while strongly advocating for shelter interventions to respond to new influxes of IDPs. The urgency of identifying land to be allocated for camp decongestion across Borno State will be stressed on.

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Sector Status

Mine Action Sub-Sector

0.6M
People targeted for mine action sub-sector
$7.9M
Funding required (USD)

Needs

The risk of Improvised Explosive Devices (IEDs), landmines of improvised nature, and explosive remnants of war remains high in some LGAs across Borno, Adamawa and Yobe (BAY) states, affecting civilians’ lives, livelihoods, physical and psychosocial well-being.

In August, some 37 incidents of explosive hazards were recorded, including IEDs and explosive remnants of war (ERW). Heavy artillery projectiles were fired in Monguno, Mafa, Ngala, Kukawa and Marte LGAs of Borno State during attacks and clashes between non-state armed groups (NSAGs) and government forces. A total of 10 landmines of improvised nature were recovered and disposed of via controlled detonation, while two landmine explosions killed one civilian and injured two others.

Response

During the month of August, the Mine Action Sub-Sector (MASS) partners facilitated 747 sessions on explosive ordnance risk education (EORE) reaching some 16,815 people, including IDPs, returnees and host community populations across 14 LGAs in Borno, Adamawa and Yobe (BAY) states. The Sub-Sector faces some challenges including inaccessibility to potentially contaminated areas, particularly in Borno State due to the ongoing insecurity, restrictions of movement enforced to curtail the spread of the COVID-19 pandemic and insufficient resources. Funding remains a major challenge since most operations are delivered through Community Liaison Teams (CLA) across communities in the BAY states. It is essential for these partners to maintain capacity to reach communities and IDPs who will be resettled in some high-risk areas that witnessed intense clashes involving explosive devices/ordnances.

Gaps

The MASS will continue to provide explosive ordnance risk education activities to vulnerable populations and groups including IDPs, returnees, host communities and humanitarian workers, with populations moving back to high risk areas being the priority for action. Partners will continue to carry out non-technical surveys (NTS) and also train stakeholders including the National Emergency Management Agency (NEMA), the State Emergency Management Agency (SEMA) and national NGOs to conduct EORE to better reach local populations with life-saving information on explosive hazards.

The Sub-Sector will also continue to advocate with the donor community and the Humanitarian Country Team (HCT) on the need for mine action activities. Efforts to ensure accurate information and knowledge management concerning threats and vulnerabilities will be maintained and reinforced through harmonized data management.

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Sector Status

WASH

$104.1M
Funding required (USD)
2.5M
People targeted for WASH assistance

Needs

WASH needs increased significantly across Borno, Adamawa and Yobe (BAY) states as a result of flooding incidents across camps and host communities as the rainy season approached its peak. The situation is further complicated by poor hygiene and sanitation practices including improper waste disposal, blocking water channels and increasing risks of flooding during heavy downpours.

The ongoing response to COVID-19 prevention measures requires scale up of regular risk mitigation and awareness messaging and distribution of hygiene kits by partners. In camps, there is, on average only one latrine for over 50 people, and in some camps even only one latrine per 100 IDPs, particularly in Jere, Monguno and Konduga LGAs of Borno State.

With ongoing heavy rains and constant flooding, sector partners are prioritizing the dislodgement of filled latrines across camps, while congestion in some camps puts pressure on available sanitation facilities with little or no space for installation of new ones.

Delays in delivery of WASH construction materials from Maiduguri to Dikwa LGA in Borno due to security clearance slowed the response throughout the month of August. In Konduga and other locations, the theft of submersible pumps has led to water supply shortages and increased pressure on existing water points.

Response

To prevent the risk of outbreak of deadly diseases such as cholera and acute watery diarrhea (AWD) during the rainy season, WASH partners scaled up distribution of sanitation and hygiene kits throughout August, and increased risk awareness and mitigation messaging across camps and communities. In Gwoza (Pulka), Monguno and Damboa LGAs of Borno State, partners trucked some 900m3 of water to increase access to clean water for affected populations in camps and host communities.

WASH partners implemented response activities and interventions while observing COVID-19 risk mitigation guidelines, ensuring physical distancing and raising awareness of beneficiaries. Some 28 LGAs across the BAY states were targeted by 20 partners with sensitization messaging, reaching 153,000 individuals. A total of 4,330 hygiene kits were distributed to affected and vulnerable households across 20 LGAs that also benefitted from hygiene promotion sensitization sessions.

Through the Cholera/COVID-19 Technical Working Group, WASH partners planned, coordinated and implemented mass cholera campaigns between 21-25 August, reaching 178,394 individuals with awareness messaging on safe water chain, hygiene promotion and sanitation, with additional 14,450 hygiene kits distributed to beneficiaries.

With an in-kind donation from UNILEVER Nigeria, UNICEF provided 510,648 bars of soap (equivalent to a two-month supply), 1,625 drums of Calcium Hypochlorite (HTH) and 1,808 bags of lime to support urban water chlorination in Borno and Adamawa states. WASH partners drilled additional 10 boreholes in four LGAs across Borno State while further hydrogeological studies are ongoing to find new water points. Continous latrine disinfection, rehabilitation and new construction are ongoing, while the Sanitation TWG is reviewing latrine designs for camps to improve access to sanitation, ensure improved privacy for women and children, while adhering to specifications allowing easy dislodging and improving latrine lifespan.

Gaps

WASH partners have benefited from close collaboration with the Health Sector through exchange of data on AWD cases which facilitates the identification of areas with increased risks of cholera outbreak. However, flooding from heavy rainfalls and increased needs have impacted core pipeline materials with low stocks in field locations. The translation of Information, Education and Communication (IEC) materials to local languages and dialects is urgently needed across LGAs.

The water table in some areas in the BAY states has low or non-existent groundwater, forcing partners to rely solely on water trucking. Further groundwater monitoring, geological and hydrogeological surveys have been planned for the coming months to generate additional and more sustainable water sources.

Sanitation and waste management needs remain critical, with the Sector partners exploring different consultancy arrangements as palliative measures.

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Sector Status

Nutrition

0.8M
People targeted for nutrition assistance
$103.5M
Funding required (USD)

Needs

The nutrition situation across Borno, Adamawa and Yobe (BAY) states remains of great concern with increased rates of acute malnutrition attributed to the effects of the COVID-19 pandemic, poor sanitation conditions during the ongoing rainy season, and reduced access to adequate food during the lean season. The number of severe acute malnutrition (SAM) cases admitted to nutrition treatment programmes continues is higher than last year a 50-per-cent increase in mortality rate was reported in June and July.  

Currently in the BAY states, four children are dying of malnutrition every day (overall reported mortality rate for 2020).  To save lives and generally reduce mortality rates, the Nutrition Sector partners require Ready-to-Use Therapeutic Food (RUTF), supplementary foods to expand Moderate Acute Malnutrition (MAM) treatment, funding to expand the stabilization centres capacities, and Mid-Upper Arm Circumference (MUAC) tapes.

Response

In July 2020, Nutrition Sector partners reached 30,680 caregivers with the “Mother MUAC” approach bringing the total number of caregivers reached since the start of the scale-up to 304,935 caregivers across the region. The mother MUAC approach involves training of caregivers on how to measure and screen for malnutrition, as well as providing MUAC measuring tapes to the households.  

In July 2020, Nutrition Sector partners admitted 24,480 severely malnourished children into treatment programmes including 23,472 in the outpatient therapeutic programmes (OTP) and 1,362 severely malnourished children with medical complications into the stabilization centres (SCs).

The total number of severely malnourished children admitted so far in 2020 is approximately 50 per cent of the annual target. Over 90 per cent of all children in the OTPs and SCs have been discharged as cured; however, the mortality rate significantly increased by 50% compared to the previous months. This is mostly due to late reporting of medical complications by caregivers and is attributed to the initial COVID-19 movement restrictions and caregivers’ fear of contracting COVID-19 if they attend health facilities.

To prevent and treat MAM cases, Sector partners reached 120,614 children between six and 23 months, 4,081 children between 24 and 59 months and 60,496 pregnant and breastfeeding women from food insecure households through the blanket supplementary feeding programme (BSFP). Partners also reached 4,629 children ages six to 59 months with MAM through the facility-based targeted supplementary feeding programme (TSFP) in selected communities in Jere and Kaga LGAs in Borno State and 10 LGAs across Yobe State. Sector partners also reached 25,695 children with micronutrient supplementation powders (MNP) in addition to  nutrition and health education.

The number of children reached is approximately 50 per cent of the monthly Sector target. Sector partners continue to strengthen the integration of MNP distribution across other health and nutrition interventions and engaging community health workers to promote its benefits.

Gaps

Main challenges faced during the lean season included the limited capacity of stabilization centres to cope with the increased rates of SAM cases with medical complications. The Sector collaborated with the Nigeria Humanitarian Fund (NHF) to maintain and scale-up capacity of stabilization centres in Borno and Yobe. The Sector is also working with partners to improve the quality of care in the SCs to reduce mortality rates.

The drop in the implementation of community-based activities such as mass MUAC screening for acute malnutrition, in an effort to contain COVID-19, is limiting the enrolment of moderately malnourished children in both the BSFP and facility based TSFP. The Sector is still facing shortages of MUAC tapes to provide to households, to ameliorate the impacts of reduced screening by community health workers.

The ongoing rainy season, and accompanying incidents of flooding, has worsened the poor road network resulting in delayed delivery of specialized nutrition supplies especially for BSFP and TSFP beneficiaries.

There is a growing number of under-nourished and separated infants as a result of COVID-19 pandemic and ongoing armed conflict. Prevention and management of wastage among infants, particularly for the non-breastfed is a highly technical and resource demanding initiative which is unavailable at the moment.

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Situation Report

Sector Status

Emergency Telecommunications

$3.0M
Funding required for ETS services (USD)
100
Organizations targeted

Needs

The COVID-19-related restrictions on the movement of humanitarians have required ETS staff to work from home to curb the spread of the virus in north-east Nigeria. During the reporting period, most ETS staff worked remotely, while one staff occasionally worked in the office at the Red Roof humanitarian hub in Maiduguri. To support remote working arrangements, as well as the immediate health response to the corona virus and the ongoing humanitarian response, Internet connectivity and security communications were essential for humanitarian partners to continue delivering services amid COVID-19. 

Response

Despite the COVID-19 pandemic, the ETS team continues to provide vital communications services – Internet connectivity in eight humanitarian hubs and security communications in ten operational areas – to the humanitarian community across north-east Nigeria. Since January 2020, the ETS has provided Internet connectivity services to more than 3,702 users from 107 organizations (15 United Nations agencies and 92 non-governmental organizations).

During the reporting period, the ETS programmed 68 radios to enable humanitarians to improve communication between staff and to ensure their safety and security in the region. The ETS helpdesk received and resolved 207 ICT-related issues reported by its users through email and phone. The team also conducted capacity building activities by delivering four webinar sessions on security communications and ETS IT Policy user awareness for 29 humanitarians from various organizations in Maiduguri and across field locations.

In August, Marlink field engineers, in coordination with ETS, completed the Internet Service Provider (ISP) migration exercise in Maiduguri. The team also received migration equipment to conduct the same activity across Borno State, namely in Bama, Banki, Ngala, Damasak, Monguno and Gwoza.

Gaps

The ETS has had to postpone its activities, including field missions and physical training sessions, due to COVID-19-related restrictions. The pandemic has also delayed staff recruitment and deployment to the field. The restrictions on field travel will indirectly impact the set Key Performance Indicators (KPIs) of this year’s ETS activities. The activities affected include the installation of the hybrid solar-based power system, technical capacity building activities and routine maintenance.

One of the delayed projects, the installation of the much-anticipated hybrid solar-based power system, aims to provide a more sustainable power supply for humanitarians who currently rely on fossil fuel generators to access ETS services. The team will commence the installation of the hybrid solar-based power system in its operational areas in October as soon as the COVID-19 travel restrictions have been eased and engineers can be deployed to the deep filed locations.

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Situation Report

Sector Status

Housing, Land and Property Sub-Sector

$0.4M
Funding required (USD)
0.9M
People targeted for HLP assistance

Needs

In August, the Housing Land and Property (HLP) sub-sector received requests to respond to eviction cases involving IDPs living in rented accommodations within host communities, particularly in Borno State. This was attributed to the inability to pay rental charges and the influx of IDPs to host communities and settlements, incurring charges from landowners, as many official camps are already congested and stretched beyond capacity.

Response

To raise awareness on HLP rights, the sub-sector organized trainings and activities in August including a two-day training for 25 IDP women groups from various camps across Borno State, in collaboration with the Borno State Ministry of Women Affairs and Social Development. The training aimed to increase women’s understanding of HLP rights and how to exercise these rights.

A three-day training for ACTED Camp Coordination and Camp Management/Shelter staff aimed to strengthen mainstream HLP rights, to ensure the sustainability of interventions with an emphasis on services provided in informal camps.

In Adamawa State, the sub-sector in collaboration with the state branch of the Nigerian Bar Association (NBA) organized a one-day HLP/Access to Justice workshop on resolving HLP disputes for IDPs and returnees and the role of the NBA and legal practitioners in general. Key recommendations include, the need to: intensify advocacy on IDPs and returnees’ rights to HLP restitution; raise awareness on the Kampala Convention; collaborate with the International Federation of Women Lawyers (FIDA) and other CSOs to step up awareness on HLP needs of IDPs and returnees; and for the NBA to engage with Ministry of Justice to develop priorities and guide justice sector reforms related to IDPs.

The sub-sector also held an interactive session with land officers in Adamawa State to address the lack of documentation/record of rights/titles for housing and lands which were not necessarily needed before the crisis, but have now become important evidence of property ownership, particularly for IDPs returning from displacement locations. Norwegian Refugee Council's Information Counselling and Legal Assistance (ICLA) unit provided HLP legal assistance services to 575 IDP returnees on the recovery or replacement of lost documentation in Damboa and Gwoza LGAs of Borno State.

The sub-sector is reviewing eviction guidance tools to effectively mitigate and manage eviction issues. The sub-sector participated in the HLP Evictions & Relocations Interest Group meeting on the 20 August, which explored measures to protect the rights of tenants/occupants and ensure they are clearly informed of their eviction, and are given a “reasonable notice” of departure to enable them to find alternative housing solutions. For ‘informal’ evictions and departures, negotiation for reasonable notice by landlords/landowners – with period of reasonable notice to be determined by the tenant and ideally be around 15 days to one month – was proposed.

In Madinatu camp, Jere LGA of Borno State, some 11 households were evicted from the land they had been occupying for over two years by the land owner on the premise of wanting to put the land to personal use. The HLP sub-sector was able to facilitate access to alternative land for the affected IDPs. Sub-sector partners provided the IDPs with NFIs and building kits for the construction of shelters.

Gaps

The sub-sector continues to identify eviction cases through field visits and referrals from community leaders, sector partners and NNGOs/CBOs for HLP legal assistance due to inability of IDPs to pay rent. Most of the eviction cases are from Borno and Adamawa states, and are largely attributed to the lack of livelihoods to generate income for rent, and the economic hardship exacerbated by the COVID-19 pandemic. With limited donors funding “cash-for-rent” interventions, the existing gaps remain huge, leaving many IDPs at risk of forced evictions.

The sub-sector will continue monitoring informal IDP sites to mitigate and prevent evictions, while also responding to cases of threats of eviction and actual eviction through engagements with traditional/community and government stakeholders.

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Situation Report

Sector Status

Food Security

3.3M
People targeted for food assistance
$315.1M
Funding required (USD)

Needs

Food prices have continued to rise significantly across Borno, Adamawa and Yobe (BAY) states. In Borno and Yobe states, prices of key staples saw a seasonal spike due to decreased availability of market stocks since July, ascribed to the lean season, underlying high inflation and the Eid celebration in late July. For instance, the prices of local rice, red beans and maize have continued to increase over three months in most markets of Borno and Yobe, ranging from 13 per cent to 85 per cent increase in various markets (according to the WFP July 2020 Market Monitoring report for Borno and Yobe). The REACH bi-weekly monitoring also indicated that fuel vendors reported a 16 per cent increase in petrol prices. The WFP Monthly Market Monitoring report for Borno and Yobe states indicated that at the height of the lean season (between May and August), the prices of most staple food commodities are generally expected to remain well above average, due to reduced market supplies and increased demand owing to continued depletion of food stocks at the household level.

Partners will continue monitoring food prices to ascertain the Survival Minimum Expenditure Basket (SMEB) in the respective locations of operation and compare them against the transfer values.

With the June 2020 Cadre Harmonise (CH) update indicating an increase in number of people in need from 3.7 to 4.3 million as a result of COVID-19 pandemic and related effects, partners started the scale-up to meet the needs of additional food insecure people. The Food Security Sector continued to advocate in order to fill these gaps.

Response

In July, FSS Sector partners sustained the delivery of life-saving and critical rainy season activities including food distributions and provision of livelihood support, despite the adjustments, including reduction of staff footprints and additional bureaucratic procedures as part of COVID-19 risk mitigation measures.

In July, slightly over 3.1 million people received food security assistance. Of these, 45 per cent received emergency food assistance and the remainder reached with agricultural and livelihoods support.

The Food Security Sector together with WASH, Camp Coordination and Camp Management (CCCM) and Protection sectors continued with joint approach on messaging, hygiene kit delivery, physical distancing measures and protection-related monitoring and referral activities.

Two partners out of four applicants for the Nigeria Humanitarian Fund (NHF) 2020 First Standard Allocation round were selected to provide wet feeding programs to refugee-returnees from Cameroon, Chad and Niger at quarantine and isolation centres in Borno State. The geographic locations targeted included Bama, Banki, and Pulka, Gamboru-Ngala and Damasak in Borno State which have been the main reception points for refugee-returnees. This was done with the support of the Strategic Review Committee (SRC) of the Food Security Sector. The Sector partners started planning for the establishment of a taskforce on inaccessible locations assessments for the October 2020 CH. This involved the first planning meeting with other key actors. Partners continued with the livestock support programmes reaching 460 registered youths who received cattle in Jere (260) and Mafa (200) LGAs of Borno.

Gaps

Restrictions on transporting and delivering fertilizer are reducing crop productivity, especially in Borno State. Delayed food dispatches to field locations due to poor road conditions during the rainy season are another major challenge for Sector partners, while communal asset-creation activities have been limited by COVID-19 restrictions. Reduction or restrictions on humanitarian flights to some deep field locations have also reduced activities.

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Godiya Ibrahim loves seeing people smile. This is one of the reasons why she is working as Programme Coordinator for Mercy Corps, helping people affected by the humanitarian crisis in Borno State. She is one of the Real Life Heroes we thanked on World Humanitarian Day and thank every day for their dedication to help the most vulnerable people.

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Grid TwiPoster

Humanitarian Coordinator Statement on the Occasion of World Humanitarian Day

This is now the fourth consecutive year I mark World Humanitarian Day in Nigeria. This year, humanitarian workers are stretched like never before, and so are the people of Nigeria - particularly the most vulnerable who need our assistance to survive.

A resurgence in violence continues to ravage entire communities eleven years into a protracted conflict in the north-eastern states of Borno, Adamawa and Yobe. Aid workers and the people they are trying to help face extraordinary challenges due to the COVID-19 pandemic - a global health crisis that no country was adequately prepared for. The dire consequence of these two unprecedented challenges have caused a major increase in humanitarian needs.

The number of people needing humanitarian assistance in Borno, Adamawa and Yobe states is the highest ever recorded in five years of a joint humanitarian response. Up by 50 per cent from last year, some 10.6 million people require life-saving assistance in the three crisis-affected states, while getting assistance to them is more dangerous and difficult than ever before. Full press statement here.

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Situation Report
Analysis

Yobe State Humanitarian Situation Analysis (April to June 2020)

Conflict continued in Yobe State, including NSAG attacks and clashes with government forces along the LGAs of Geidam and Gujba, bordering Borno State. The security situation in these LGAs remains unpredictable and volatile. Government forces continue to carry out operations and maintain a high level of alertness following NSAG activities across border LGAs.

There is a significant increase in the threats of attacks on both civilian and military convoys, abduction/kidnapping (at illegal vehicle checkpoints), and IEDs along these routes. UXOs also pose a threat, with incidents reported in June in Gujba LGA, with the police issuing warning of widespread threats across the LGAs, particularly across farming areas. NSAG attacks were targeting civilian communities across Bursari, Geidam, Gujba LGAs, and abductions in Lantewa, Tarmuwa LGA along the Damaturu – Babangida road. An attack in Buni Gari (27/04/2020), Gujba LGA, resulted in the burning down of activity centers of some humanitarian actors in the community, which triggered a temporary suspension of operations.

Download the full report here.

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Humanitarian Coordinator Statement on the Killing of Aid Workers in Borno State

I am utterly shocked and horrified by the gruesome killing of some of our colleagues and partners by non-state armed groups in Borno State. My most heartfelt condolences go to their loved ones, families, friends and co-workers.

They were committed humanitarians who devoted their lives to helping vulnerable people and communities in an area heavily affected by violence. Our colleagues and partners were abducted while travelling on a main route connecting the northern town of Monguno with Maiduguri, the Borno State capital. Their safety and securing their safe release have been our highest priority since they were captured last month.

I strongly condemn all violence targeting aid workers and the civilians they are assisting. I am also troubled by the number of illegal vehicular checkpoints set up by non-state armed groups along main supply routes. These checkpoints disrupt the delivery of life-saving assistance and heighten the risks for civilians of being abducted, killed or injured, with aid workers increasingly being singled out. Full press statement here.

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Feature
Zarah (left) and Hyelsinta (right) spending quality time together following Zarah’s recovery

Providing a New Chance at Life to Crisis-Affected Women in North-East Nigeria

“I feel glad and fulfilled knowing that I was at the right place at the right time to help save a life. This for me is the true definition of being a humanitarian,” Hyelsinta Ahmadu, a GBV Nurse at a Women and Girl’s Friendly Space in north-east Nigeria, run by Jireh Doo Foundation and established with funding from the Nigeria Humanitarian Fund.

Hyelsinta’s intervention last year saved the life of Zarah, a young woman in the community, who was on the brink of life and death due to complications giving birth. Their story is one of hope, transformation and change. Read full story here.

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Situation Report

Sector Status

Gender-Based Violence Sub-Sector

1.3M
People targeted for GBV assistance
$35.3M
Funding required (USD)

Needs

The COVID-19 pandemic is heightening already existing vulnerabilities for gender-based violence, reducing survivors access to report, seek help or receive quality response services. In some situations, there has been an increase in the incidents of GBV; however, in north-east Nigeria, restrictions and lockdown measures have presented barriers for survivors who are seeking help and service provision.

Organizations providing GBV services have had to adapt and apply flexible approaches, in order to continue providing service for survivors and people in need. The GBV Sub-Sector has engaged in the development of COVID-19 response strategies, collaborating with the COVID-19 Task Force and supporting partners to maintain service provision.

Response

The GBV Sub-Sector (GBVSS) developed technical and strategic guidance notes and strategies, as well as compiled and shared relevant resources for partners to support response actions in the COVID-19 context. The resources are on GBV case management, the GBV information management system (GBVIMS), safe space management, PSEA, and other relevant resources. Staff have received appropriate training on adapting new guidelines and guidance notes to service provision.

The GBVSS facilitated the transition to remote service provision in the context of COVID-19. Partners established confidential spaces including service provision hubs to provide remote services through telephone helplines throughout the COVID-19 pandemic in Maiduguri, Pulka and Monguno (Borno State). This enhanced access to GBV case management and psychosocial support services for survivors and other vulnerable individuals.

Facilities and service delivery points for GBV services, such as women and girl’s friendly spaces, integrated/women empowerment facilities, and one stop centres, have set up hand washing facilities and put hygiene measures in place to ensure staff and beneficiaries adhere to public health standards. Partners also set up designated areas (temporary confinement spaces or rooms) with dignity for beneficiaries showing signs or symptoms of COVID-19 while health teams are contacted. Partners also procured and provided COVID-19 prevention items and supplies to protection desks and women and girls friendly spaces. Moreover, GBV response teams in referral centres are following Infection, Prevention and Control procedures.

The GBVSS conducted mapping of critical GBV response stakeholders and updated GBV referral pathways. To support GBV response teams to respond appropriately, they were provided with personal protection supplies such as face masks, hand sanitizers, gloves, and other protective gear to meet the logistical needs of GBV survivors. GBV/PSEA messages were developed focusing on reporting channels, GBV service availability and referral pathways. The GBVSS also started the process of scaling up the rollout of Primero/GBVIMS+ to document case management practices during lockdowns with limited engagement. Given that remote service provision has risks associated with guaranteeing safety and confidentiality, GBVIMS+/Primero facilitates ethical and confidential incident data management and security.

The GBV Sub-Sector conducted a test run of Smart RR - a mobile application which enables survivors, social workers and service providers to report and refer GBV incidents to relevant service providers and authorities, conducts service mapping, automatically updates the referral directory, and collects and analyses referral data. The application is an innovation of a local NGO partner, built on the referral mechanism of the GBV Sub-Sector to mitigate existing challenges such as under-reporting and difficulties associated with accessing services.

Gaps

The reduced presence of humanitarian personnel, especially in some of the deep field locations, has strained available services and limited access to GBV service provision. Meanwhile, frontline staff and response teams lack access to adequate basic personal supplies to enable them to respond appropriately to the identified needs.

Community-based GBV prevention activities have also been limited due to physical distancing measures during the COVID-19 pandemic. These are avenues through which communities are engaged on GBV awareness and avenues for seeking help for survivors.

Moreover, families directly affected by COVID-19 face serious stigma from community members especially when a family has been confirmed to be positive or is suspected. Additional efforts, including raising awareness to counter stigmatization, need to be undertaken to ensure the protection of people affected by COVID-19.

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Situation Report

Sector Status

Early Recovery

1.6M
People targeted for early recovery
$112.7M
Funding required (USD)

Needs

The economic crisis as a result of the COVID-19 pandemic is affecting communities and local economies in Borno, Adamawa and Yobe states. Lockdown measures and movement restrictions have disrupted livelihood opportunities. Reduction of basic services and livelihoods are exacerbating the vulnerabilities of affected people such as increased unemployment and loss of remittances. Daily laborers and people engaging in cash-for-work activities are the most affected due to restricted labour migration and closure of small businesses. Youth and women in the informal sector are also hard hit. Supply shortages as a result of movement restrictions are also reducing economic opportunities and decreasing rural and urban incomes thereby affecting people’s ability to buy basic commodities. This economic downturn is making it more difficult to lay the foundations for sustainable recovery and a return to longer term development in the north-east.

Response

In March and April, Early Recovery partners continued to rehabilitate or construct market stalls and classroom blocks in Adamawa State. Partners rehabilitated six market stalls in Madagali LGA and built two new ones in Michika LGA. In addition, five classroom blocks in Madagali LGA and four in Michika LGA were rehabilitated. Partners also started rehabilitation work on two slaughterhouses in Adamawa State. To complete the various rehabilitation and construction work, partners provided emergency employment opportunities to 74 skilled workers and 842 unskilled workers through the cash-for-work modality.

In Askira/Uba LGA of Borno State, Early Recovery partners rehabilitated four boreholes and one manual hand-pump benefiting approximately 1,500 people. In addition, partners are drilling a new borehole at the Hussara Health Centre, which will benefit 2,500 people. Construction of new incinerators at the Yimir Ali and Chul Primary Health Centres is ongoing. Furthermore, sector partners rehabilitated 22 boreholes in Geidam and Yunusari LGAs in Yobe State, to increase water supply for domestic use and agricultural production.    

In Maiduguri, Borno State, partners continued to carry out waste management activities. A total of 3,312 people (2,578 men and 734 women) were employed through cash-for-work and cleaned up waste in 23 community areas across 10 wards.

In March and April, Sector partners trained crisis-affected people on vocational and business skills to increase their livelihood opportunities in MMC, Bama, Ngala and Damasak LGAs of Borno State. A total of 390 people received training in various skills such as carpentry, tailoring, shoe-making, micro-business, pasta making, baking and extracting groundnut oil.

Around 1,050 people completed enterprise skills and apprenticeship trainings with community-based master craftsmen across eight LGAs of Borno and Adamawa states. A total of 250 youth received start-up grants of 60,000 Naira each (first tranche and second tranche) in five LGAs in Borno State. In Adamawa State, 250 people received start-up grants of 30,000 each (first tranche) across three LGAs.

In Yobe State, 100 people received small businesses and livestock apprenticeship training, while partners also raised awareness on preventing the spread of COVID-19. In Damaturu, the capital of Yobe State, vocational training such as tailoring, fashion and design, building and interlocking, and cosmetology is ongoing for 30 trainees. The trainees will also undergo a competency test, financial literacy and business development trainings, after which they will receive business start-up kits.

In Jere and MMC LGAs, Borno State, partners trained 92 youth on employability and life skills including work place preparedness, professional and personal development, and job application processes.  Partners are also currently providing technical training support to 125 youth on business and entrepreneurship skills.

Gaps

COVID-19 posed a serious challenge to implementing resilience and recovery activities across Borno, Adamawa and Yobe states due to government-imposed travel restrictions. The presence of Sector partners has been limited to a few essential staff, with many staff working from home, reducing supervision and monitoring of activities.

In addition, the security situation continued to be fragile. Incidents of attacks by non-state armed groups were reported in Nanam, the headquarters of Yunusari LGA in Yobe State. Threats of a looming attack in Yunusari and Geidam LGAs (Yobe State) also led to a two-day suspension of activities there.

The Early Recovery Sector will continue providing technical support to partners to implement recovery and resilience activities throughout the COVID-19 pandemic. Sector partners will apply preparedness and response plans to deliver messaging and raise awareness of the coronavirus pandemic to mitigate the spread of COVID-19. These measures will help efforts to continue non-COVID-19 interventions such as cash-for-work; unconditional cash distributions; support for the establishment of small businesses; vocational and business management trainings; livelihood support and economic recovery; and rehabilitating basic infrastructure. These activities will also contribute to curbing the spread of the virus, especially by ensuring the provision of enough water, soap and other critical WASH infrastructure.

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Situation Report
Feature
 NHF-funded emergency water and sanitation

Nigerian Humanitarian Fund Annual Report

In 2019, 7.1 million people, most of them women and children, were in need of urgent assistance in the conflict-affected states of Borno, Adamawa and Yobe. Throughout the year, some 180,000 people were forced to flee their homes, some for a second or third time since the beginning of the crisis, mainly due to increased attacks and insecurity.

In this context, the Nigeria Humanitarian Fund (NHF) has proven to be a rapid and flexible tool enabling humanitarian actors to adapt to the fast-changing humanitarian emergency.

The NHF Annual Report reviews the Fund's operations and demonstrates how it was used strategically to address the urgent humanitarian needs of the most vulnerable Nigerians in 2019.

Read the full report here.

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Situation Report
Analysis

Adamawa State Humanitarian Situation Overview

Adamawa State continues to experience increased humanitarian needs driven by conflict, attacks by non-state armed groups (NSAGs), and inter-communal clashes. Insecurity continues to pervade the state with a series of armed attacks in communities around the fringes of the Sambisa forest by NSAGs. The growing insecurity continues to hamper access to vulnerable returnees in Michika, Madagali, and now some parts of Gombi Local Government Area that require much needed relief and recovery assistance.

Read the full report here.

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Feature

Cash Working Group Annual Report

In the north-eastern Nigerian states of Borno, Adamawa and Yobe (BAY), where 10.6 million people are currently in need of life-saving humanitarian aid, violent attacks and insecurity in some areas have made it difficult for humanitarian actors to reach some of the most vulnerable people. Finding efficient and effective means of delivering assistance is essential. Since 2016, humanitarian actors have increasingly been providing support through cash-based assistance to ensure that essential needs are met, while providing an avenue for the most vulnerable to become self-reliant and participate in economic activities that boost local markets.

More than one-third of all humanitarian assistance in 2019 in the BAY states was through cash and voucher assistance, reaching more than 1.5 million people throughout the year. In 2016, only nine per cent of humanitarian aid was provid-ed through cash and voucher assistance (CVA). This demonstrates the increasing use of CVA, based on not only its cost effectiveness but its effectivity in building bridges towards recovery from the crisis.

In May, the Nigeria Cash Working Group issued its first-ever annual report which provides an overview and analysis of the impact that cash programming and activities have had in the humanitarian response in north-east Nigeria. Read the full report here.

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Feature
SAMSON TIMOTHY, GREENCODE PROJECT OFFICER (LEFT) WITH ABU MOHAMMED (RIGHT)

Watering Seeds of Healing and Hope

“The care and concern that GREENCODE gave me, helped me overcome suffering and helped me in the most practical way: helping me access clean water for drinking and bathing,”-Abu Mohammed, internally displaced from Baga town, Kukawa Local Government Area to Maiduguri, the Borno State capital.

Read full story here.

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Yassine Gaba, Deputy Humanitarian Coordinator in Nigeria visited Muna Garage camp for internally displaced persons on 28 May 2020 to show solidarity with thousands of vulnerable people affected by a recent fire outbreak.

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Situation Report
Visual

North-East Nigeria Humanitarian Snapshot

North-East Nigeria Humanitarian Snapshot

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