On the 28 February 2020, the Nigerian Federal Ministry of Health announced the first confirmed case of COVID-19 in Nigeria. Currently, four laboratories in Nigeria can diagnose COVID-19. In addition to the NCDC National Reference Laboratory, this includes the Virology Laboratory of Lagos University Teaching Hospital; Irrua Specialist Teaching Hospital and African Centre for Genomics of Infectious Diseases in Ede, Osun State.
Between January and 16 February 2020, a total of 673 suspected measles cases with one associated death (case fatality ratio 0.2 per cent) were reported in the BAY states. Borno State accounts for 57 per cent of suspected measles cases reported from across the three States. The most affected age group included children under the age of ten years, accounting for over 65 per cent of the population affected. Regarding the ongoing Lassa Fever outbreak in Borno State, 21 cases were reported as of 29 February with two associated deaths. Two suspected yellow fever cases were reported through the Early Warning, Alert and Response System (EWARS) from Gumsuri Clinic in Damboa LGA and Jaragol Clinic (1) in Bayo LGA.
Through EWARS, two cases of acute bacterial meningitis were reported from UMTH in Jere LGA (Borno State) and one suspected meningitis case from the Chibok General Hospital in Chibok LGA (Borno State).
World Health Organization supported the Borno State Ministry of Health (SMoH) and other health partners in drafting a State preparedness plan for the COVID-19 outbreak. Thematic areas considered included surveillance and contact tracing, point of entry, case management, infection prevention and control, risk communication and State level coordination structures and mechanisms.
As part of the EU-funded early recovery project with multi-sectoral interventions package in Borno State, the international consortium of partners renovated 12 Primary Health Care Centres in Askira-Uba and Hawul LGAs as well as at Askira-Uba General Hospital. The project aims to build the resilience of conflict-affected people and public sector institutions in Borno State in an environment friendly-way, which will help to sustainably improve availability, access and usage of quality basic services (health, education, nutrition and WASH). The rehabilitation work on Monguno General Hospital is progressing well.
Funding from the European Union is ongoing for the joint UNDP and WHO project on Integrated Community Recovery and Resilience in Borno State. The overall objective of the project is to contribute to rebuilding the resilience of conflict-affected people and communities in the State using sustainable approaches. The project focuses on the reconstruction and rehabilitation of health facilities in six locations: Bama, Biu, Gwoza, Mungono, Mafa and Konduga LGAs.