Situation Report

Sector Status

Food Security

People targeted for food assistance
Funding required (USD)


The October 2020 Cadre Harmonize (CH) Analysis has been concluded. The projected number of people in need for the lean season (June to August) 2021 has significantly increased to about 5.1 million people in Borno, Adamawa and Yobe states, representing a 19% and 72% increase as compared to the same period in 2020 (with COVID-19) and 2019 respectively. People projected to risk being in Emergency IPC Phase 4 during the 2021 lean season have increased by 130% and 45% as compared to 2019 and 2020 respectively. The projected number of people in need for 2021 is similar to 2016/2017.

According to the WFP October 2020 Market Monitoring, increased supply of newly harvested grains in the market is contributing to stabilizing or decreasing trends in prices of some staple food. This is likely to ease pressure on the purchasing power of market-dependent households. However, despite a recent stability in food prices, vulnerable households are fragilized by enduring conflict and access constraints restraining income-earning opportunities. Partners’ October Market Price Monitoring has not shown any significant changes in the Minimum Expenditure Basket (MEB). Therefore, aid actors pursued advocacy efforts towards an increase in CASH transfer values as indicated in the September advocacy note for increase in transfer value.

Procurement challenges, limited availability of military escorts and poor road conditions during the rainy season, led to delayed distributions to beneficiaries, particularly in Rann and Damasak. Communal asset creation activities are still limited by COVID-19 restrictions.


In October, about 3.2 million people received food security assistance. Of these, 40 % received emergency food assistance and the remainder agricultural livelihoods assistance. This includes the assistance air-lifted by the government to Rann and actions within the COVID-19 response program which provides assistance to people whose vulnerability increased due to the economic fallout of the COVID-19. pandemic.

Sector partners provided key agriculture livelihoods support in October. Agro Processing Equipment, including rice mills, hammer mills, mobile threshers, mini pepper millers and oil presses were distributed to 540 vulnerable households in Borno State, 60 households in Yobe State and 90 households in Adamawa State. Partners also provided inputs or kits to Group Savings and Loan Associations in Gwoza, Dikwa, Bama, Jere, Kaga, Monguno, Biu, Konduga, Ngala, Dikwa and Mafa LGAs of Borno state. About 950 vulnerable female beneficiaries’ households received Noiler chicks and poultry feeds across the BAY States (150 in Borno, 600 in Adamawa and 200 in Yobe)

The Food Security sector together with WASH, CCCM and Protection sectors continued their joint approach on messaging, hygiene kit delivery, social-distancing and protection-related monitoring and referrals.

The Food Security sector also joined support and advocacy efforts regarding the relocation of IDPs to 20 locations in 12 LGAs preliminarily identified by Borno State government. The sector is reaching out to some of the partners in the respective LGAs (Project Targeted Locations and LGAs) to determine the possibility of providing some support to relocated IDPs.

Food Security sector (FSS) Information Management (IM) trainings were conducted for partners in Yola, Adamawa State, on 14-15 October, and in Damaturu, Yobe State, on 19-20 October.


The sector continues to advocate for the provision of cooking fuel as part of the food assistance and FSS partners are doing a rapid assessment in order to identify how to best transfer the 2,000-Naira monthly cooking fuel support to beneficiaries.

Partners are highly encouraged to use the most Updated Food Basket Transfer value calculators and can contact the sector for further details.

Programme Criticality (PC) 2 activities have been included among priority deep-field travels in addition to PC1, which will facilitate aid delivery in coming weeks.

Food Security sector meetings, including the four COVID-19 taskforces, will continue through teleconference.