Situation Report

Sector Status

Food Security

People targeted for food assistance
Funding required (USD)


Following the conclusion of the October 2020 Cadre Harmonisé (CH) Analysis, the projected number of people in need for the 2021 lean season (June to August) has significantly increased to about 5.1 million people in Borno, Adamawa and Yobe States. Compared to the same period in 2020 (with COVID-19) and 2019, this represents a 19% and 34% increase, respectively. The key drivers for increased needs include insecurity (conflict and banditry), impact of the COVID -19 pandemic and a high food inflation rate. There are also challenges with physical and economic access to food due to reduced market functionality, limited income generating activities, constrained access to production (agricultural land and inputs), limited stock availability at household level and inadequate WASH services.

According to the WFP December 2020 Market Monitoring, the flow of food into markets, following harvest, has contributed to stability in the prices of a few food items (maize and local rice). However, overall prices of key staples remained generally above their values as of December 2019, mainly due to the impact of high transport costs, flooding and the significant weakness of the Naira. Therefore, the early September 2020 advocacy by the Food Security sector for an increase in transfer values still holds.


In December, about 4.2 million people received food security assistance. Of these, 49 per cent received emergency food assistance and the remainder received agricultural livelihoods assistance. This includes the ongoing COVID-19 response program to provide assistance to the increased people in need due to the pandemic and its related effects, as well as the assistance air-lifted by the government to Rann. In order to address pressing energy needs and to reduce the exposure of vulnerable households to insurgents’ attack and health risks, 55 beneficiary households in Bama LGA were supported with solar home systems. A total of 24,830 potential beneficiaries were recorded for the 2020-2021 dry season farming support across BAY states. Partners handed over “goat kits” (3 male and 1 female goats) to 3,100 beneficiary households, “cash plus goat kits” to 750 households, and “noiler chicks kits” to 1,150 households in the BAY states. In order to increase access to energy for cooking, 2,000 Naira per household for cooking fuel will be added to the monthly transfer value for food assistance for partners implementing through Cash and Voucher Assistance modality. For partners implementing in-kind assistance, no solution has been found yet.


There has been delayed food dispatches to some deep-field locations due to insecurity and poor road conditions during the rainy season. This has resulted in partners not being able to deliver assistance to Rann and Damasak in December.

Communal asset creation activities have been limited by COVID-19 restrictions.

The Food Security sector (FSS) and WASH/CCCM/Protection partners will continue to ensure complementary delivery of hygiene services and messaging at FSS activities, especially distributions.

As part of the FSS Agricultural Livelihoods Taskforce, the Sector is to start data collection for dry season farming.

Partners are highly encouraged to use the most Updated Food Basket Transfer value calculators. Please contact the sector for details.