Situation Report

Sector Status

Shelter and Non-Food Items

Funding required (USD)
People targeted for Shelter/NFI support


At the end of September, 55,464 Household (HH) needed shelter and 64,373 HH needed NFI assistance across Borno, Adamawa and Yobe states. The shelter/NFIs needs are generated by forced displacement due to attacks, natural disaster, and poor living conditions. According to Sector partners reports, the majority of the affected populations in need are Internally Displaced Persons (IDPs) in camps, IDPs in host community and returnees who are living in makeshift shelters or shelters that are either partially or completely damaged and affected by floods. Up to 1,522 HH of IDPs , including 800 HH in Magumeri and 627 HH in Gongulong, were sleeping out in the open and constrained to use inadequate materials to construct provisional shelters. They have limited access to NFIs and fully rely on humanitarian assistance to survive. A better, durable solution is needed to address the risks and vulnerabilities of the affected population and reduce dependency on humanitarian assistance. The volatile security situation has immensely affected the response. Shelter and NFI Sector activities (Shelter and NFI) have been hindered and Partners movements are restricted. Areas where people are most in need, such as Magumeri, are hard to reach for aid workers. Indeed, a needs assessment conducted in Magumeri in August highlighted the urgent need for shelter and NFI for the new arrivals. However, they have not yet received assistance due to the difficulty to access the area. Land Issues continue to affect humanitarian action directly across Borno State Local Government Areas (LGAs) since most available land is outside the military safety perimeter, where movement is restricted.


In September, the Shelter Monitoring committee conducted a monitoring visit to observe practices and make recommendations for improvements to ongoing shelter construction by its active shelter partners in Borno State. The Sector carried out field visits to evaluate the proposed decongestion of IDP hosting sites in Dikwa. The sector, shelter partners and government authorities continue working together towards a coordinated approach for the decongestion strategy to ensure that vulnerable displaced populations in need of durable shelter benefit properly from the response. Across Borno, Adamawa and Yobe (BAY) states, shelter needs for 1,032 HH were addressed, including emergency shelter, emergency shelter kits distribution and shelter rehabilitation. A total of 2,880 individuals received 576 HH emergency shelter kits. This response is designed to provide temporary and immediate shelter assistance. Another 97 HH were assisted with emergency shelter (Bama type), and 359 HH were supported with the rehabilitation of the damaged permanent structure.

Lastly, 29,626 people were provided with NFI kits, necessary for daily use and aimed at improving the dignity of the affected population.


The Shelter/NFI/CCCM Sectors are working with their partners to scale up the provision of immediate life-saving assistance to meet Shelter and NFIs needs, but also ensure preparedness through prepositioning sufficient contingency NFIs and Shelter stocks in key areas across the BAY states.

The Shelter/NFI and CCCM Sectors continue to focus on coordinating the provision of minimum assistance packages for IDPs in hosting sites and addressing access issues in collaboration with authorities.

Access remains difficult for humanitarian agencies to reach the most vulnerable and affected populations who need services. Progress is being made in close collaboration with all agencies and government to ensure that vulnerable individuals are benefitting from all basic amenities. The Shelter response continues to be significantly delayed compared to NFIs due to the lack of land available for construction. The Sector continues to advocate for more land through various means.