Situation Report

Sector Status

Early Recovery

People targeted for early recovery
Funding required (USD)


The livelihoods situation in northeast Nigeria remains precarious. Although many COVID-19 restrictions have been lifted, there have been additional challenges caused by attacks carried out by non-state armed groups (NSAGs).Most livelihood activities across the states showed deterioration over the course of December, with several zones/LGAs in emergency situations due to the global pandemic, insecurity and rise in cost of production inputs.

The critical challenges affected people face include a lack of livelihood opportunities, food insecurity, and inflated prices. These factors have increased tension across IDP camps and host communities, forcing affected and vulnerable populations to adopt negative coping mechanisms, including transactional sex and street begging.

Reduction of basic services and livelihoods are exacerbating the vulnerabilities of affected people, as shown with increased unemployment and loss of remittances. Food security and livelihoods are particularly weakened due to semi-subsistence lifestyles and heavy dependence on the informal sector for income.


Between November and December 2020, over 3,000 beneficiaries have been employed in cash-for-work activities for public assets rehabilitation in 26 communities across Monguno, Mobbar and Nganzai LGAs.

Some 51 basic infrastructures have been rehabilitated and constructed across the BAY states; including 28 grain storages, seven blocks of public latrines (in markets and slaughterhouses), one market shed, 15 health infrastructures (the latter giving healthcare access to over 10,000 individuals).

In Borno State, approximately 2,270 people have received vocational skills training on installation, knitting, catering, barbing, plumbing and pipe fitting, welding, hair salon, briquetting, shoe and bag making, artwork, cosmetology, vegetable farming, tie & die and computer repairs. They all received their start-up kits to start their businesses. Monguno, Kukawa and Nangere LGAs have been supported with local governance restoration activities.

Village Savings and Loan Association (VSLA) groups in three wards of Nangere LGA continue their routine saving and loans meetings. In the review period, the total sum of NGN376,000 was distributed as loans to 23 VSLA beneficiaries.


Major gaps include limited access and delay of activities due to attacks on farmers by non-state armed groups. Access remains difficult for humanitarian agencies to reach the most vulnerable and affected populations. Progress is being made in close collaboration with all agencies and governments to ensure that vulnerable individuals are benefitting from all basic amenities.