Situation Report

Sector Status

Shelter and Non-Food Items

People targeted for shelter/NFI support
Funding required (USD)


The establishment of Quarantine facilities in Borno, Adamawa and Yobe (BAY) states has increasingly become an urgent priority aimed at containing the spread of COVID-19 in IDP camps, camp-like settings and in host communities. These facilities will be holding areas for IDPs with travel history between states and across the border in places such as Banki, Ngala, Mobbar (Damasak) and nearby LGAs in Borno Sate that receive IDPs and returnees from Cameroon, Niger, and Chad. Plans to decongest overcrowded camps, unplanned camps, or informal sites with poor living conditions and with space of less than 17m2 per person is a priority for the Sector and lands have to be secured and approved by the government. So far, approximately 25,472 shelters need to be constructed to support 140,096 IDPs in 49 campsites across 7 LGAs of Borno State. Humanitarian needs remain high and concerning as 19,780 households lack shelter, while another 78,562 households are in dire need of NFI assistance across locations. There is an urgent need to construct more shelters to accommodate 24,596 IDPs who are sleeping outside or sharing spaces, and over 21,000 living in reception centres. Non-Food Items (NFIs) are urgently needed given the increasing multiple displacements prompted by the deteriorating security environment and other socioeconomic factors. Additionally, the onset of the rainy season has left 19,781 shelters damaged or destroyed, directly affecting some 69,690 IDPs. Sporadic fire incidents destroyed some 39,106 shelters across camps in Muna Garage, Ngala, Mafa and Monguno areas of Borno State. Main challenges include lack of shelter construction materials and Tarpaulin due to supply chain disruptions caused by the COVID-19 pandemic.


Sector discussions and activities prioritized the construction of quarantine facilities across Borno and Adamawa states. So far there are two quarantine facilities in Maiduguri and Pulka, Borno State, with a total capacity of 140 bed spaces. Construction of more quarantine facilities are ongoing in other LGAs across Borno state. To ensure preparedness and response to effects of the rainy season reinforcement and upgrade of identified worn-out makeshift shelters and construction of new shelters was carried out, as well as prepositioning of shelter and NFI materials across locations. The camps decongestion strategy was discussed with Borno State Government and immediate implementation plans were proposed. The state government also gave directives on the construction of transitional shelters Maiduguri, Jere and Konduga LGAs; immediate expansion of security perimeters in Monguno, Bama, Pulka and Dikwa, and the utilization of the Gubio land.

In support of the decongestion strategy, UNHCR and the Ministry of Rehabilitation Reconstruction and Resettlement (MRRR) have constructed 500 shelters in Banki, Bama LGA, and the same will be replicated in Ngala LGA. The additional space approved by the state government for the decongestion exercise in Banki could accommodate some 4,000 shelters. The perimeter extension in Dikwa was completed by NERI and approval for use of land is underway for the decongestion of the four congested campsites. Some 5,450 individuals benefitted from emergency shelter kits distribution, shelter construction or rehabilitation. A total 1,580 individuals also received 316 NFI kits during the reporting period. Adequate structures are being identified and assessed to be refurbished and used in case of a mass influx of IDPs in various locations in Borno State.


The sector will continue to advocate for more land to facilitate the decongestion of overcrowded camps across Borno State. Sector partners will continue prepositioning shelter and NFIs materials for partners’ immediate response during an emergency. Access however remains a major challenge in parts of Borno state as well as partners’ capacity and funding constraints. About 19,780 households, including IDPs and returnees, are still in need of shelter and NFI support, including of emergency shelter and essential household items. The effects of heavy winds and rainstorms are far reaching, and the Sector is facing shortages of critical supplies and experiencing logistics challenges that hamper timely and immediate intervention. Additionally, Sector partners have also experienced supply chain disruptions triggered by COVID-19 pandemic.