Situation Report

Sector Status

Shelter and Non-Food Items

Funding required (USD)
People targeted for Shelter/NFI support


In December 2020, 123,704 Households (HH) were in need of Shelter and Non-food items (NFIs) assistance across north-eastern Nigeria, especially Borno, Adamawa and Yobe states. Almost 75,104 HH remained in substandard shelter, including unfinished and abandoned buildings and makeshift, partially damaged or shared shelters and overcrowded camps. Shelter solutions, including reinforcement and rehabilitation, are expensive and therefore remain a challenge for most IDPs, vulnerable host communities and returnees. This continues to raise shelter and NFI needs across various locations.


Collectively, the sector and its partners continue to provide lifesaving and life-sustaining assistance in a flexible and targeted approach while adhering to appropriate standards of humanitarian support. In December 2020, people from 17,292 HH were reached with Shelter and NFI assistance.

Shelter partners have continued to provide need-based shelter assistance ranging from provision of emergency shelter to durable shelter support. Emergency shelter support, as part of the sector’s lifesaving shelter assistance, consists of emergency shelter kit distribution, repair/upgrading of emergency shelter in camps and rehabilitation of partially damaged shelter in camps and host communities. 7,555 HH were reached through shelter kit distribution. Emergency shelter kits commonly consist of light closure materials that are designed to provide temporary and immediate shelter solutions.

Additionally, 632 HH were provided with emergency shelter construction (Bama type). Sector partners continue to support the rehabilitation of partially damaged shelters for vulnerable returnees to ensure a protective environment. 2,481 HH benefitted from rehabilitation of this shelter solution.

Some 3,932 HH were assisted with NFI kits, which are necessary for daily use in their shelters across Borno and Adamawa states and contributed to improving the dignity of affected people.

A technical field visit was successfully conducted in December to explore transforming emergency shelter solutions into transitional shelters for vulnerable displaced populations based on a holistic interpretation of the need for shelter. A prototype was implemented by one of the Shelter sector partners.


While efforts were made to address the pressing shelter and NFI needs of the most vulnerable populations across the BAY states, challenges and gaps remain to be addressed. Access and safety are the key challenges in north-eastern Nigeria, as well as partners’ capacity and funding constraints. Shelter and NFI needs are enormous and the sector partners do not collectively have the capacity to meet them all.

The Shelter and NFI sector is committed to continue improving its humanitarian action to better meet the challenges described above. This is in line with the sector strategy and working closely with Shelter and NFI partners, Government, and other humanitarian sectors to ensure that vulnerable displaced persons receive physical protection and dignity through provision of shelter, NFI and other basic humanitarian assistance.