WASH needs increased significantly across Borno, Adamawa and Yobe (BAY) states as a result of flooding incidents across camps and host communities as the rainy season approached its peak. The situation is further complicated by poor hygiene and sanitation practices including improper waste disposal, blocking water channels and increasing risks of flooding during heavy downpours.
The ongoing response to COVID-19 prevention measures requires scale up of regular risk mitigation and awareness messaging and distribution of hygiene kits by partners. In camps, there is, on average only one latrine for over 50 people, and in some camps even only one latrine per 100 IDPs, particularly in Jere, Monguno and Konduga LGAs of Borno State.
With ongoing heavy rains and constant flooding, sector partners are prioritizing the dislodgement of filled latrines across camps, while congestion in some camps puts pressure on available sanitation facilities with little or no space for installation of new ones.
Delays in delivery of WASH construction materials from Maiduguri to Dikwa LGA in Borno due to security clearance slowed the response throughout the month of August. In Konduga and other locations, the theft of submersible pumps has led to water supply shortages and increased pressure on existing water points.
To prevent the risk of outbreak of deadly diseases such as cholera and acute watery diarrhea (AWD) during the rainy season, WASH partners scaled up distribution of sanitation and hygiene kits throughout August, and increased risk awareness and mitigation messaging across camps and communities. In Gwoza (Pulka), Monguno and Damboa LGAs of Borno State, partners trucked some 900m3 of water to increase access to clean water for affected populations in camps and host communities.
WASH partners implemented response activities and interventions while observing COVID-19 risk mitigation guidelines, ensuring physical distancing and raising awareness of beneficiaries. Some 28 LGAs across the BAY states were targeted by 20 partners with sensitization messaging, reaching 153,000 individuals. A total of 4,330 hygiene kits were distributed to affected and vulnerable households across 20 LGAs that also benefitted from hygiene promotion sensitization sessions.
Through the Cholera/COVID-19 Technical Working Group, WASH partners planned, coordinated and implemented mass cholera campaigns between 21-25 August, reaching 178,394 individuals with awareness messaging on safe water chain, hygiene promotion and sanitation, with additional 14,450 hygiene kits distributed to beneficiaries.
With an in-kind donation from UNILEVER Nigeria, UNICEF provided 510,648 bars of soap (equivalent to a two-month supply), 1,625 drums of Calcium Hypochlorite (HTH) and 1,808 bags of lime to support urban water chlorination in Borno and Adamawa states. WASH partners drilled additional 10 boreholes in four LGAs across Borno State while further hydrogeological studies are ongoing to find new water points. Continous latrine disinfection, rehabilitation and new construction are ongoing, while the Sanitation TWG is reviewing latrine designs for camps to improve access to sanitation, ensure improved privacy for women and children, while adhering to specifications allowing easy dislodging and improving latrine lifespan.
WASH partners have benefited from close collaboration with the Health Sector through exchange of data on AWD cases which facilitates the identification of areas with increased risks of cholera outbreak. However, flooding from heavy rainfalls and increased needs have impacted core pipeline materials with low stocks in field locations. The translation of Information, Education and Communication (IEC) materials to local languages and dialects is urgently needed across LGAs.
The water table in some areas in the BAY states has low or non-existent groundwater, forcing partners to rely solely on water trucking. Further groundwater monitoring, geological and hydrogeological surveys have been planned for the coming months to generate additional and more sustainable water sources.
Sanitation and waste management needs remain critical, with the Sector partners exploring different consultancy arrangements as palliative measures.