The risk of Improvised Explosive Devices (IEDs), landmines of improvised nature, and explosive remnants of war remains high in some LGAs across Borno, Adamawa and Yobe (BAY) states, affecting civilians’ lives, livelihoods, physical and psychosocial well-being.
In August, some 37 incidents of explosive hazards were recorded, including IEDs and explosive remnants of war (ERW). Heavy artillery projectiles were fired in Monguno, Mafa, Ngala, Kukawa and Marte LGAs of Borno State during attacks and clashes between non-state armed groups (NSAGs) and government forces. A total of 10 landmines of improvised nature were recovered and disposed of via controlled detonation, while two landmine explosions killed one civilian and injured two others.
During the month of August, the Mine Action Sub-Sector (MASS) partners facilitated 747 sessions on explosive ordnance risk education (EORE) reaching some 16,815 people, including IDPs, returnees and host community populations across 14 LGAs in Borno, Adamawa and Yobe (BAY) states. The Sub-Sector faces some challenges including inaccessibility to potentially contaminated areas, particularly in Borno State due to the ongoing insecurity, restrictions of movement enforced to curtail the spread of the COVID-19 pandemic and insufficient resources. Funding remains a major challenge since most operations are delivered through Community Liaison Teams (CLA) across communities in the BAY states. It is essential for these partners to maintain capacity to reach communities and IDPs who will be resettled in some high-risk areas that witnessed intense clashes involving explosive devices/ordnances.
The MASS will continue to provide explosive ordnance risk education activities to vulnerable populations and groups including IDPs, returnees, host communities and humanitarian workers, with populations moving back to high risk areas being the priority for action. Partners will continue to carry out non-technical surveys (NTS) and also train stakeholders including the National Emergency Management Agency (NEMA), the State Emergency Management Agency (SEMA) and national NGOs to conduct EORE to better reach local populations with life-saving information on explosive hazards.
The Sub-Sector will also continue to advocate with the donor community and the Humanitarian Country Team (HCT) on the need for mine action activities. Efforts to ensure accurate information and knowledge management concerning threats and vulnerabilities will be maintained and reinforced through harmonized data management.