In December, population movements across the LGAs continued to pose major challenges to the humanitarian response. The Emergency Tracking Tool (ETT) reported a total of 5,718 individuals (IND) arrived and 1,531 IND departed across the BAY states, with Gwoza LGA of Borno State recording the highest influx for the month (943 IND). Gombi LGA of Borno State had the highest departures (532 IND). The major causes of movement are voluntary relocation and poor living condition across BAY states. There were also a series of security challenges in December, triggering pockets of increased displacement into Askira/Uba, Gombi and Gwoza LGAs. However, the Camp Coordination and Camp Management (CCCM) sector and its partners have continued to ensure a close follow up on the ongoing emergency with advocacy and interventions to bridge the gap of needs of the displaced population. Two fires broke out in December with limited destruction to approximately seven households (HH) across two camps in Dikwa (one HH) and MMC (six HH). The CCCM sector has made efforts for partners to put more emphasis on sensitization and campaign awareness on fire outbreaks in line with the reviewed fire sensitization guidelines. Limitations to funding have hindered bridging the gap of construction of additional fire stations on site by the CCCM partners.
CCCM operations on site have continued to boost the living condition of the displaced populations through proper site facilitation, campaign awareness, focus group discussions (FGDs), complaints and feedback mechanisms (CFM), camp level coordination meetings (once every month per camp with ad-hoc meetings as needed) and hygiene promotion while abiding/adhering to the COVID-19 prevention protocols.
In the effort to curb fire outbreaks, CCCM partners have engaged in series of site improvement activities in camps and camp-likes settings benefitting from CCCM interventions across BAY states. This has included clearing of drainages, environmental waste management, rehabilitation of fire stations and rapid assessment of camp facilities and structures to ascertain the gaps and further advocate for repairs and interventions.. In December CCCM partners encouraged the communities’ engagement in camp management activities, such as general sanitation, construction and reviving of on-site fire stations, sensitization on the proper use and maintenance of camp facilities/equipment. Emphasis on the need to avoid open defecation as well sensitization and campaign awareness on the adverse effect of such practice was discussedwith the community at large. Measures to ensure success in these exercises include bi-weekly meetings with the on-site committees, sensitizations, campaign awareness and FGDs with the local leaders and religious leaders of the camps.
CCCM partners also put emphasis on referrals/feedback of on-site complaints, tracking and resolving 70-80% of complaints received and escalating to the appropriate sectors the 20-30% of the complaints that remained open.
The CCCM sector will continue to advocate for interventions to address the trend of movement/displacement resulting from security incidents. CCCM will continue to boost operations in camps and camp-like settings through community engagement, FGDs, capacity building, sanitation, committee trainings, camp-level coordination meetings, advocacy and campaign awareness against poor hygiene, fire outbreaks etc. With congestion continuing to pose significant challenges in all aspects of standardizing camp management in the north-east, the priority will continue to be decongestion of highly congested camps/reception centres in the BAY states. It will also be a priority to maintain the rigorous community mobilization and sensitization of the decongestion process to gauge perceptions, understand fears and expectations and build a sense of ownership among the communities.