Philippines

Situation Report

Highlights (46 days ago)

  • Three simultaneous law enforcement operations of the Philippine army against non-state armed groups are reported as underway in Maguindanao, Lanao del Sur and Sulu
  • El Niño brings drought and dry spells, with Mindanao as the most affected region
  • A nationwide campaign to fight the measles outbreak continues
El Niño brings drought and dry spells, with Mindanao as the most affected region
Credit: FAO

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Philippines

Situation Report

Key Figures

66K
persons displaced (Marawi)
46K
person displaced (Maguindanao)
940
persons displaced (Lanao del Sur)
4K
persons displaced (Sulu)

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Philippines

Situation Report

Funding (2018)

$61M
Requirements
$14.7M
Funding
24%
Progress
FTS

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Contacts

Mark Bidder

Head of Office

Gina Maramag

Public Information Officer

Philippines

Situation Report
Interactive (35 days ago)

Mindanao Humanitarian Snapshot (6 May)

Over 51,400 people are displaced due to three simultaneous law enforcement operations of the Armed Forces of the Philippines (AFP) against non-state armed groups in the provinces of Maguindanao, Lanao del Sur and Sulu in Bangsamoro Autonomous Region in Muslim Mindanao (BARMM). Local authorities are leading the response, supported by the Red Cross and humanitarian partners. Access is a challenge in remote areas, especially in the island provinces of Sulu.

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Philippines

Situation Report
Feature (49 days ago)
Credit: IOM/D. Empanano

Nationwide campaign to fight measles outbreak continues

Since the Department of Health declared a measles outbreak in five regions on 7 February, a massive immunization and public information campaign has been underway, implemented by the Government and assisted by the Red Cross, the United Nations, and humanitarian partners.  Children are the most at risk by the nationwide outbreak, which is currently affecting all 17 regions of the country. The highly contagious disease has already claimed the lives of close to 400 people, mostly unvaccinated children under the age of five.

 

According to the Department of Health’s (DOH) Epidemiology Bureau, 28,362 cases were officially reported from 1 January to 4 April, an increase of nearly 380 per cent compared to the same period in 2018. According to WHO, the case fatality rate is now decreasing but still high at 1.37 per cent, with reports from health facilities showing many children die of measles complications such as pneumonia. Other underlying causes for the high mortality are late referral and malnutrition. While some reports suggest that the trend of 500 measles cases per day seems to be decreasing slightly, and the death rate has also slowed down from 8 to 5 deaths a day, it is too early to tell if this is a sign that the current outbreak has reached its peak.  WHO continues to assess the overall risk of the outbreak as high at the national level due to the large number of cases still being reported, chronic low routine immunization coverage, and persistent vaccination hesitancy.

 

Stepping up the country’s vaccination programme

The DOH is leading the nationwide immunization campaign, assisted by the Philippine Red Cross, UNICEF, WHO, IOM and a number of other non-governmental humanitarian partners such as Americares, International Medical Corps, and the Family Planning Organization of the Philippines. The DOH aims to track and vaccinate 3.7 million children aged six to 59 months, 7 million children aged five to 12 years, and 2.6 million adults, with the school-aged children targeted to be immunized before the end of the current school year in early April. As of 3 April, over 4.7 million children had been vaccinated.

 

Although measles cases seem to be decreasing due to coordinated efforts being made, there is still a need to push for the 95 per cent coverage considered necessary to stamp out the disease. WHO is seeing an increase in other diseases related to poor immunization, such as polio and diphtheria. Measles is an indicator disease for low vaccination coverage, and one of the other concerns is the lack of polio vaccination, as the Philippines is one of the top countries considered at risk to a polio outbreak. UNICEF and WHO continue to provide technical, financial and logistics support to DOH in the planning, implementation and monitoring of response activities, including the effective implementation of the catch-up measles vaccination campaign. The USAID-funded ReachHealth project hired 50 nurses who vaccinated over 5,600 children in Metro Manila and Calabarzon region. The Philippine Red Cross has mobilized volunteers to support the immunization campaign, vaccinating over 16,800 children to date, and is operating measles care units in hospitals to help with the clinical management and medical care of highly contagious patients. In the northern highlands of Luzon, IOM, in an initiative funded by the European Civil Protection and Humanitarian Aid Operations, hired nurses to conduct house-to-house visits to support with measles, polio and Japanese Encephalitis vaccinations in 45 schools, 16 health centres and a teacher’s camp police school.

 

A coordinated plan of response

Rapid coverage assessments conducted by UNICEF and WHO in 9 regions found that while 91 per cent of children targeted were vaccinated, there was a still a challenge in reaching remote, indigenous populations and seasonal workers, a lack of documented proof of children’s vaccinations, and no waste management plan for used needles. During their monitoring visits, cold chain equipment was found to be old and needing replacement, as temperature control is crucial to the effectiveness of the vaccine. There are reports of previously immunized children contracting measles, suggesting inadequate handling of vaccines. Other concerns reported are a chronic shortage of medical staff to vaccinate the large number of children targeted, the need to strengthen the case management system at the health facility level, and the need for a monitoring mechanism to track the effectiveness of the expanded programme of immunization.

 

There is also a concern regarding vaccine stocks. So far, six million doses have been procured with the assistance of UNICEF, however, over 12 million doses are needed in the coming months for the expanded campaign. UNICEF is working to mobilize more vaccines but there is a global production bottleneck at this point. There are outbreaks worldwide, including in Madagascar, Brazil, Ukraine and Venezuela.

 

In support of Government efforts, the United Nations and humanitarian partners are advocating for continued routine immunization, including screening all children under five years to identify missed doses, and continued school-based immunization once schools reopen. World Immunization Week on 24-31 April will be used to promote community-based immunization and champion health workers and community leaders as immunization heroes.

 

 

 

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Philippines

Situation Report
Visuals and Data (67 days ago)
Overview of assessed needs in Mindanao conflict

Infographic: Overview of assessed needs in Mindanao conflict

Three simultaneous law enforcement operations of the Armed Forces of the Philippines (AFP) against non-state armed groups are reported as underway in the provinces of Maguindanao, Lanao del Sur and Sulu in the newly formed political entity Bangsamoro Autonomous Region in Muslim Mindanao (BARMM). Cumulatively, there are more than 56,000 people displaced as of 29 March. A coordinated assessment between BARMM authorities and the Mindanao Humanitarian Team was conducted between 12 and 26 March.

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Philippines

Situation Report
Interactive (73 days ago)

3W - Who is Doing What Where in Mindanao Conflict (as of 29 March)

3W - Who is Doing What Where in Mindanao Conflict (as of 29 March)

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Philippines

Situation Report
Feature (77 days ago)
El Niño brings drought and dry spells - Mindanao most affected
Lanao del Sur (March 2018) - El Niño, a period of prolonged drought, adversely affects the agriculture sector and can cause significant issues for food security and nutrition. Credit: FAO/N. Celis

El Niño brings drought and dry spells - Mindanao most affected

Drought conditions are being reported in the MIMAROPA Region, Region IX, and Region XII, BARMM and Metro Manila, where ten provinces have declared a State of Calamity according to the National Disaster Risk Reduction and Management Council (NDRRMC). While the Philippine Atmospheric, Geophysical and Astronomical Services Administration (PAGASA) declared a weak El Niño lasting until June, agricultural regions are suffering from its worsening effects, with the Department of Agriculture (DA) reporting damage to over 13,600 ha of agricultural crops, mostly rice (81 per cent) and corn (19 per cent). Agricultural losses are estimated at PhP1.33 billion (US$25.6 million) but could run higher as the DA verifies reports from regional offices. Over 16,000 farmers and fisherfolk are affected, and some local media are reporting that the drought conditions are also starting to affect livestock, with some farm animals dying due to the lack of grass or hay for foraging.

Mindanao farmers and fisherfolk most affected

Mindanao is the most affected region, a major food producer where poverty levels are the highest in the country and farmers and fisherfolk are already vulnerable due to repeated armed conflict and natural hazards such as heavy rain and flooding. Since January, the NDRRMC reports that the central and western Mindanao provinces are experiencing below normal rainfall conditions which is predicted to continue. Close to 72,000 families (360,000 people) are affected in the five municipalities in North Cotabato alone, sixty per cent of which are located in Pikit. With the recommendation of the Provincial Disaster Risk Reduction and Management Office, local authorities of North Cotabato have declared a State of Calamity.

  Early action planning for farming communities vulnerable to drought

Farming communities in the municipalities of Pigkawayan in North Cotabato and Datu Saudi Ampatuan in Maguindanao started early action planning to prepare for El Niño. The Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) organized planning workshops in January on Early Warning Early Action (EWEA) for drought with local government representatives and agriculture officers.  When affected by El Niño, the Philippines alternates climatically between intense droughts and strong typhoons. As the climate changes, the Southern Oscillation increases in frequency and severity, and in turn increasing the intensity of natural hazards. “Such changes are testing the traditional resilience methods of the country and being able to protect the population, especially their livelihoods, from these shocks is becoming increasingly challenging,” FAO Representative in the Philippines Jose Luis Fernandez said. Disasters and climate change impacts, including shifts in weather patterns and extreme weather-related events disrupt economic activities and livelihoods, and ultimately threaten food security. Increasing the resilience of agricultural communities to these threats and crises is a priority area of work for FAO and its partners in the Philippines. The EWEA project, implemented by FAO in partnership with DA and PAGASA and with funding support from the Government of the Kingdom of Belgium, aims to safeguard the livelihood of rice farmers in selected areas in Mindanao that have high vulnerability rates and high exposure to drought.  The project will help protect rice production by providing irrigation systems and climate-resilient inputs, and increase resilience by promoting diversification of livelihoods.

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