9.6 million people severely food insecure in Sudan, highest number on record
More than 9.6 million people, almost a quarter of the entire population of Sudan, are now severely food insecure and in need of urgent assistance, according to the latest International Food Security Phase Classification (ICP) report. The figure, the highest ever recorded in the history of the IPC analysis in the country, represents an increase of 65 per cent if compared with the same period (June to September) last year. Around 2.2 million people are facing emergency levels of acute food insecurity (IPC phase 4) and around 7.4 million people are classified under crisis acute food insecurity (IPC phase 3). Another 15.9 million people are estimated to be under stress phase (IPC phase 2), and any additional shock could push them to severe levels of hunger. This is also a high figure compared to previous analyses.
Almost all states register a dramatic increased on food consumption gaps, if compared with 2019. The situation is especially concerning in North Kordofan, with an increase of 335 per cent on the number of severely food-insecure people, or Gazera, with an increase of over 200 per cent. According to IPC, increasing and protracted displacements, the ongoing economic crisis and high inflation rater that pushed food prices up, exacerbated by the impacts of the COVID-19 pandemic, are the main causes of the food insecurity in Sudan.
COVID-19-related measures significantly decreased commodity movement, market function and cross-border trade, and compromised livelihoods, daily labour opportunities, reducing families purchasing power and food access for the vulnerable population.
The United Nations and partners provided relief food assistance to approximately 2.3 million people over the first quarter of 2020. But more has to be done to attend the increasing humanitarian needs. For this, funding is urgently needed. The 2020 Humanitarian Response Plan received only 34 per cent of the 1.4 billion required.