Sudan

Situation Report
Emergency Response
Sudan COVID-19 Containment Measures May 2020
Sudan COVID-19 Containment Measures (May 2020)

State authorities respond to the COVID-19 pandemic

As the number of people affected by COVID-19 continues to increase across the country, states have been implementing preventative measures to curb the spread of COVID-19.

Khartoum State

The lockdown has been extended for antother two weeks starting 19 May 2020; public sector employees were granted a 10 day leave. Bridges linking Omdurman and Khartoum North are closed.

  • Gatherings: All gatherings have been banned including weddings and Ramadan iftars. The Ministry of Awqaf (Religious Endowments) has suspended prayers in mosques and church services.

  • Airports: On 17 May a decision was made to extend the closure of Sudanese airports for international and domestic flights until 31 May 2020. This excludes scheduled cargo flights; humanitarian aid and technical and humanitarian support flight; flights of companies operating in the oil fields; and evacuation flights for foreign national.

  • Curfew: A curfew was put in place across the state and people can access neighbourhood shops, bakeries and pharmacies between 6:00 am and 1:00 pm daily.

  • Violations of curfew: Fines will be levied for people breaking curfew, people assaulting doctors, people monopolizing food and medicine, or people spreading false information.

  • Borders: borders with neighbouring states have been closed, with the exception for commercial vehicles carrying strategic commodities such as food, medicines and fuel etc.

  • Movement

    • Movement of humanitarian supplies and staff is allowed with permits.

    • Only strategic commercial goods (food, medicine, fuel etc.) can enter the state.

  • Restrictions specific to humanitarians: Only international NGOs implementing COVID-19 response may apply for movement permit.

Blue Nile State

  • Gatherings: During curfew hours, all public and commercial stores, cafes and restaurants closed; except for health institutions and pharmacies.

  • Curfew: Effective as of 24 April from 6:00 p.m. to 6:00 a.m.

  • Movement: No public or private transport during curfew hours.

Central Darfur State

  • Gatherings: All gatherings have been banned including Ramadan iftars, prayers at mosques, weddings, funerals etc. Exceptions include pharmacies, health facilities and and bakeries. Weekly markets in areas outside Zalingei town have been banned.

  • Curfew: A curfew was put in place from 5:00 pm to 6:00 am across the state as of 17 May for two weeks. People can access shops from 6:00 am to 5:00 pm daily.

  • Violations to the curfew: Anyone who violates the curfew can face a fine of 10,000 Sudanese pounds (about $180).

  • Movement:

    • No movement to and from localities and Zalingei town is allowed except for strategic commercial goods (food, medicine, fuel etc.).

East Darfur State

  • Movement:

    • Verbal commitment from HAC that humanitarian organizations are not affected by any of the decrees.

    • Movement of humanitarian supplies allowed with permits.

    • Movement of strategic commercial goods (food, medicine, fuel etc.) allowed with permits.

Kassala State

  • Gatherings: All gatherings have been banned including Ramadan iftars and prayers at mosques. Fuel stations to provide fuel to those with permits.

  • Curfew: Lockdown in the state extened for 14 days as of 27 May. People can access neighbourhood shops from 6:00 am to 12:00 pm daily.

  • Violations to the curfew: Anyone who violates the curfew can face a fine of 10,000 Sudanese pounds (about $180).

  • Movement:

    • Movement of humanitarian supplies and staff is allowed.

    • Exceptions for movement include health workers; water and electricity emergency teams; employees of the Zakat Chamber; civil society organizations; HAC essential staff and those distributing “fasting bags”; vehicles transporting strategic commodities (food, fuel etc); workers at slaughterhouses; staff of Kassala Radio and TV station; and journalists who have permits.

  • Restrictions specific to humanitarian actors:

    • No registration of new organizations.

    • No field activities, donor visits or workshop.

    • Only four staff to be present at international NGO or national NGO premises at any given time.

North Darfur State

  • Gatherings: All markets in the state capital, El Fasher town, and pharmacies can work from 6:00 am to 2:00 pm. Mass Ramadan iftars and prayers in mosques have also been banned.

  • Congestion at the workplace: All government staff have been given paid leave starting 4 May until after Eidd, except for emergency staff.

  • Curfew: Effective as of 26 April until further notice.

  • Violations of curfew: Anyone who violates the curfew shall be liable to legal action.

  • Borders: Entrances to El Fasher are closed. International borders with Chad and Libya have been closed since 25 March.

  • Movement:

    • Permits are required for movement within the state.

    • Movement of humanitarian supplies allowed with permits.

    • Movement of strategic commercial goods (food, medicine, fuel etc.) allowed.

North Kordofan State

  • Borders: North Kordofan State has closed its borders with other states and has deployed police and security forces at entry points.

  • Movement: Only strategic commercial goods (food, medicine, fuel etc.) can enter the state.

South Darfur State

  • Gatherings: A three-week lockdown was announced on 11 May. All gatherings have been banned including group Ramadan iftr’s, religious gatherings, funerals, and prayers at mosques and churches. All markets have been closed and people can buy groceries from neighbourhood shops. Health facilities pharmacies, electricity centres, bakeries, water distribution centres, commercial trucks carrying strategic goods (food, medicine, fuel etc.), and specified fuel stations authorized for government use are exempted.

  • Congestion at the workplace: Government workers have been given three-weeks leave as of 11 May except for essential staff. Humanitarian organizations can report to work as usual but need to leave work by 2:00 pm.

  • Curfew: Effective as of 23 April from 6:00 pm and 6:00 am. Three-week lockdown effective as if 11 May in Nyala and Nyala north localities. In other localities in the state Locality Commissioners to determine curfew times.

  • Violations of curfew: Anyone who violates the curfew can face a fine of 10,000 Sudanese pounds (about $180), or imprisonment for not less than three months.

  • Borders: international borders and borders between localities and with neighboring states have been closed.

  • Movement:

    • Movement of strategic commercial goods (food, medicine, fuel etc.) allowed, but permission is needed for inter-state movement.

    • Humanitarian are allowed to move between localities for operational purposes, but they need clearance from HAC. Permits are also required for movement of humanitarian supplies between localities and outside curfew hours.

South Kordofan State

  • Gatherings: All gatherings have been banned including all celebrations, Ramadan iftars and prayers at mosques, and queues in front of bakeries and fuel stations. Public transportation and busses need apply social distancing. The weekly market has been closed.

  • Restrictions specific to humanitarians:

    • There will be no registration of new organizations.

    • No field activities, donor visits, or workshops will be held. Exceptions are for food and NFI distributions and for Nutrition and WASH interventions.

    • Staff presence at humanitarian organizations to be reduced to not more than five staff members in an office at a time.

    • Humanitarian and UNISFA Flights have been cancelled by local authorities, despite clearance from federal authorities.

West Darfur State

  • Gatherings: all markets throughout the state are closed after 2:00 pm. All public transport and bus stations closed. Mass Ramadan iftars are banned. Prayers mosques can be done in open areas. Banks in El Geneina have closed as of 10 May -this is affecting humanitarian programming, especially for those working in the health sector and responding to COVID-19 as they need to withdraw money to pay incentives to staff seconded from the State Ministry of Health.

  • Curfew: Effective as of 2 may from 11:00 pm to 6:00 am.

  • Violations of curfew: Anyone who violates the curfew can face a fine of 10,000 Sudanese pounds (about $180), or imprisonment for not less than one month.

  • Borders: borders between localities and with neighboring states have been closed. All entry points to the state capital, El Geneina town have been closed. Border with Chad is closed.

  • Movement:

    • Limited movement in the state.

    • Movement of humanitarian supplies allowed.

    • Movement of strategic commercial goods (food, medicine, fuel etc.) allowed.

West Kordofan State

  • Restrictions affecting humanitarian actors:

    • Effective 3 May, all routine humanitarian activities to be put on hold except for those related to COVID-19 response.

White Nile State

  • Gatherings: all gatherings are banned. Markets are closed, except for groceries, bakeries, pharmacies and electrical shops.

  • Congestion at the workplace: Government staff have been given paid leave except for staff of strategic ministries such as electricity, water, health, armed forces, police and security forces.

  • Curfew: Effective as of 24 April from 4:00 pm to 6:00 am.

  • Borders: borders between localities and neighbouring states are closed.

  • Movement:

    • Movement of strategic commercial goods (food, medicine, fuel etc.) allowed.

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