Sudan

Situation Report
Emergency Response
Sudan COVID-19 Containment Measures May 2020
Sudan COVID-19 Containment Measures (May 2020)

State containment measures to prevent the spread of COVID-19

As the number of people affected by COVID-19 continues to increase across the country, states have been implementing preventative measures to curb the spread of COVID-19.

Khartoum State

  • Gatherings: On 7 July, the High Committee for Health Emergencies announced the ease of lockdown restrictions in Khartoum State. Schools and universities remain closed. Work at Government institutions will start on 12 July at 30 - 50 per cent capacity, to reduce congestion in the workplace. Working hours for federal ministries and the ministries of Khartoum will be from 8:00 am until 3:00 pm. All staff must wear face masks and workplaces are to be sanitized regularly.

  • Airports: Airports will gradually open pending further instructions from the Sudan Civil Aviation Authority (CAA). UNHAS has received approval from CAA to resume in-country flights as of 12 July 2020.

  • Curfew: The curfew has been changed from 5:00 am to 6:00 pm, bridges have been opened and transportation is allowed during this period.

  • Violations of curfew: Fines will be levied for people breaking curfew, people assaulting doctors, people monopolizing food and medicine, or people spreading false information.

  • Borders: Borders with neighbouring states remain, with the exception for commercial vehicles carrying strategic commodities such as food, medicines and fuel etc.

  • Movement

    • Movement of humanitarian supplies and staff is allowed with permits.

    • Only strategic commercial goods (food, medicine, fuel etc.) can enter the state.

  • Restrictions specific to humanitarians:

    • Only international NGOs implementing COVID-19 response may apply for movement permit.

Blue Nile State

  • Gatherings: During curfew hours, all public and commercial stores, cafes and restaurants closed; except for health institutions and pharmacies.

  • Curfew: Effective as of 24 April from 18:00 to 06:00 the next morning.

  • Movement:

    • No public or private transport during curfew hours.

Central Darfur State

  • Gatherings: All gatherings have been banned including prayers at mosques, weddings, funerals etc. Exceptions include pharmacies, health facilities and and bakeries. Weekly markets in areas outside Zalingei town have been banned.

  • Curfew: A curfew was put in place from 17:00 to 06:00 the next morning across the state as of 17 May for two weeks. People can access shops from 06:00 am to 17:00 daily.

  • Violations to the curfew: Anyone who violates the curfew can face a fine of 10,000 Sudanese pounds (about $180).

  • Movement:

    • No movement to and from localities and Zalingei town is allowed except for strategic commercial goods (food, medicine, fuel etc.).

    • Movement of humanitarian supplies are allowed with HAC permission.

East Darfur State

  • Movement:

    • Movement of humanitarian supplies allowed with permits.

    • Movement of strategic commercial goods (food, medicine, fuel etc.) allowed with permits.

  • Restrictions specific to humanitarian actors:

    • Only international NGOs implementing COVID-19 response may apply for movement permit.

  • Gatherings: All markets have been closed.

  • Curfew: Two-week curfew/lockdown in the state starting 1 June.

  • Movement:

    • Verbal commitment from HAC that humanitarian organizations are not affected by any of the decrees.

    • Movement of humanitarian supplies allowed with permits.

    • Movement of strategic commercial goods (food, medicine, fuel etc.) allowed with permits.

El Gezira State

  • Gatherings: Markets close at 13:00 and street vendors are banned.

  • Borders: All borders with neighbouring states closed and movement between localities in the state is banned.

Gedaref State

  • Gatherings: All markets have been closed.

  • Curfew: Two-week curfew/lockdown in the state starting 1 June.

  • Movement:

    • Verbal commitment from HAC that humanitarian organizations are not affected by any of the decrees.

    • Movement of humanitarian supplies allowed with permits.

    • Movement of strategic commercial goods (food, medicine, fuel etc.) allowed with permits.

Kassala State

  • Gatherings: All gatherings have been banned including prayers at mosques, weddings, funerals etc. Fuel stations to provide fuel to those with permits.

  • Curfew: Curfew/lockdown in the state extened for 14 days as of 27 May. People can access neighbourhood shops from from 06:00 to 12:00 (noon) daily.

  • Violations to the curfew: Anyone who violates the curfew can face a fine of 10,000 Sudanese pounds (about $180).

  • Movement:

    • Verbal agreement to allow movement of humanitarian supplies and staff with permits.

    • Exceptions for movement include health workers; water and electricity emergency teams; employees of the Zakat Chamber; civil society organizations; HAC essential staff; vehicles transporting strategic commodities (food, fuel etc); workers at slaughterhouses; staff of Kassala Radio and TV station; and journalists who have permits.

  • Restrictions specific to humanitarian actors:

    • No registration of new organizations.

    • No field activities, donor visits or workshop.

    • Only four staff to be present at international NGO or national NGO premises at any given time.

North Darfur State

  • Gatherings: All markets and commercial shops in the state capital, El Fasher town have been closed except for groceries, butchers, bakeries, flour, water distribution centres and cooking gas shops which are allowed to work for a specified number of hours. Pharmacies can work from 06:00 to 14:00. Mass prayers in mosques have also been banned.

  • Congestion at the workplace: All government staff have been given paid leave starting 4 May until after Eidd, except for emergency staff.

  • Curfew: On 15 May a lockdown was put in effect in El Fasher town.

  • Violations of curfew: Anyone who violates the curfew shall be liable to legal action.

  • Borders: Entrances to El Fasher are closed. International borders with Chad and Libya have been closed since 25 March.

  • Movement:

    • Permits are required for movement within the state.

    • Movement of humanitarian supplies allowed with permits.

    • Movement of strategic commercial goods (food, medicine, fuel etc.) allowed.

North Kordofan State

  • Borders: North Kordofan State has closed its borders with other states and has deployed police and security forces at entry points.

Red Sea State

  • Gatherings: All markets—including the big market in Port Sudan—and restaurants have been closed. All gatherings have been banned including prayers at mosques and churches. Fuel stations to provide fuel to Government vehicles that have permits. Exceptions are for neighbourhood groceries and bakeries; essential health staff; pharmacies; laboratories; essential government staff; and emergency staff of the State Water Authority, the Electricity Department and the TV Broadcasting Authority. All people need to abide by the rules of social distancing. People can access neighbourhood groceries/bakeries etc., between 06:00 to 12:00 (noon).

  • Congestion at the workplace: Government and private institutions to be closed and all staff given leave until the end of the lockdown period. All banks to closed.

  • Curfew: Lockdown until 18 June has been announced and curfew put in place from 12:00 (noon) to 06:00 the next morning.

  • Violations of curfew: Anyone who violates the curfew shall be liable to legal action.

  • Borders: Entry points with Egypt are closed. Movement between localities is banned, except for those with permits.

River Nile State

  • Curfew: Curfew from 14:00 to 06:00 the next morning.

  • Movement:

    • Movement between localities is allowed.

Sennar State

  • Gatherings: Shops closed except for groceries, pharmacies, clinics, and laboratories. Wholesale shops and shops for building materials are allowed to open three days a week. Trucks are not allowed to enter markets.

  • Curfew: Curfew from 14:00 to 06:00 the next morning.

  • Borders: all borders with neighbouring states closed and movement between localities in the state is banned.

South Darfur State

  • Gatherings: All gatherings have been banned including religious gatherings, funerals, and prayers at mosques and churches. People can buy groceries between 06:00 and 14:00. People are free to move between 06:00 and 18:00 but are required to wear facemasks and keep to social distancing when out in public. Health facilities pharmacies, electricity centres, bakeries, water distribution centres, commercial trucks carrying strategic goods (food, medicine, fuel etc.), and specified fuel stations authorized for government use are exempted from the ban.

  • Congestion at the workplace: Government workers have been given three-weeks leave as of 11 May except for essential staff. Humanitarian organizations can report to work as usual but need to leave work by 14:00.

  • Curfew: Three-week curfew/lockdown from from 18:00 and 06:00 the next morning effective as if 11 May in Nyala and Nyala north localities. In other localities in the state Locality Commissioners to determine curfew times.

  • Violations of curfew: Anyone who violates the curfew can face a fine of 10,000 Sudanese pounds (about $180), or imprisonment for not less than three months.

  • Borders: international borders and borders between localities and with neighboring states have been closed.

  • Movement:

    • Movement of strategic commercial goods (food, medicine, fuel etc.) allowed, but permission is needed for inter-state movement.

    • Humanitarian are allowed to move between localities for operational purposes, but they need clearance from HAC. Permits are also required for movement of humanitarian supplies between localities and outside curfew hours.

South Kordofan State

  • Gatherings: All gatherings have been banned including all celebrations, prayers at mosques, and queues in front of bakeries and fuel stations. Public transportation and busses need apply social distancing. The weekly market has been closed.

  • Movement:

    • Movement of strategic commercial goods (food, medicine, fuel etc.) allowed.

    • Movement of humanitarian staff and supplies allowed with an escort.

  • Restrictions specific to humanitarians:

    • Non-COVID-19 activities have been suspended.

    • There will be no registration of new organizations.

    • No field activities, donor visits, or workshops will be held. Exceptions are for food and NFI distributions and for Nutrition and WASH interventions.

    • Staff presence at humanitarian organizations to be reduced to not more than five staff members in an office at a time.

    • Humanitarian and UNISFA Flights have been cancelled by local authorities, despite clearance from federal authorities.

West Darfur State

  • Gatherings: All markets throughout the state are closed after 14:00. All public transport and bus stations closed. Prayers mosques can be done in open areas. Banks in El Geneina have closed as of 10 May - this is affecting humanitarian programming, especially for those working in the health sector and responding to COVID-19 as they need to withdraw money to pay incentives to staff seconded from the State Ministry of Health.

  • Curfew: Effective as of 2 May from 23:00 to 06:00 the next morning.

  • Violations of curfew: Anyone who violates the curfew can face a fine of 10,000 Sudanese pounds (about $180), or imprisonment for not less than one month.

  • Borders: borders between localities and with neighbouring states have been closed. All entry points to the state capital, El Geneina town have been closed. Border with Chad is closed.

  • Movement:

    • Limited movement in the state.

    • Movement of humanitarian supplies allowed.

    • Movement of strategic commercial goods (food, medicine, fuel etc.) allowed.

West Kordofan State

  • Restrictions affecting humanitarian actors:

    • Effective 3 May, all routine humanitarian activities to be put on hold except for those related to COVID-19 response.

White Nile State

  • Gatherings: all gatherings are banned. Markets are closed, except for groceries, bakeries, pharmacies and electrical shops.

  • Congestion at the workplace: Government staff have been given paid leave except for staff of strategic ministries such as electricity, water, health, armed forces, police and security forces.

  • Curfew: Effective as of 24 April from 16:00 to 06:00 the next morning.

  • Borders: borders between localities and neighbouring states are closed.

  • Movement:

    • Movement of strategic commercial goods (food, medicine, fuel etc.) allowed.

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