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Weekly Floods Round-up, No. 03 (23 August 2022)

Heavy rains and flash floods continue to affect tens of thousands of people across Sudan. By 23 August, the estimated number of people affected is 156,300, according to the Government’s Humanitarian Aid Commission (HAC), humanitarian organizations on the ground, and local authorities. Torrential rains and floods destroyed at least 12,500 houses and damaged another 21,400 in 15 out of the 18 states. Government authorities reported that 83 people died and 30 people were injured since the beginning of the rainy season.

The most affected states are Central Darfur (39,450 people), South Darfur (31,490), White Nile (24,960), River Nile (15,720), West Darfur (15,500), West Kordofan (5,860), South Kordofan (5,770), North Kordofan (4,410), East Darfur (3,650), Sennar (3,160), Aj Jazirah (2,250), Gedaref (1,450), Khartoum (1,300), Kassala (750) and North Darfur (690).

In addition, the floods have reportedly affected at least 238 health facilities, 1,560 water sources and over 1,500 latrines have been damaged or washed away. People have lost over 330 head of livestock and over 5,200 feddans (18.9 km2) of agricultural land were affected by floods, which will contribute to already worrying levels of food insecurity.

Compared to the same period of 2021, the number of affected people and localities this year has doubled. The 2022 Sudan Emergency Response Plan (ERP) anticipates that more than 460,000 people could be affected by the floods this year. In 2021, about 314,500 people were affected across Sudan, while between 2017 and 2021 on average 388,600 people were affected annually.

According to the IGAD Climate Prediction and Applications Centre (ICPAC) forecast for 23-30 August, heavy rainfall (above 200mm) is predicted over a few places in southern Sudan. Moderate rainfall (50-200mm) is expected over southern to central Sudan, and light rainfall (less than 50 mm) is expected over parts of central to northern Sudan.

The river water levels are exceeding the critical level and approaching flood level. The water levels along the Nile and Atbara rivers are increasing as the peak of the rainy season approaches. On 22 August, the Nile River water level in Atbara was 15.32 meters, exceeding the alert level of 14.16 meters. The river water level in Khartoum station was 16.2 meters, exceeding the critical level of 16 meters. The water level in Ed Deim station (about 550km southeast of Khartoum) was 12.25 meters, approaching the flood level of 12.3 meters, according to the Ministry of Irrigation and Water Resources.

The rainy season in Sudan usually starts in June and lasts up to September, with the peak of rains and flooding observed between August and September. For more information on floods and updated figures of people affected and areas, please see the 2022 Floods Dashboard.

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