Situation Report
Projected food security outcomes, October 2021 to January 2022

Food prices high despite start of the harvest – FEWS NET

FEWS NET reported in its latest update on Sudan that staple food prices remained extremely high in October, the start of the harvest season in the country. The high prices are driven by seasonally reduced market supplies, increased demand, high production and transportation costs, and the shortage and high cost of imported wheat that has been exacerbated by the closure of the main ports and highway in the Red Sea State.

Staple food prices are 60-90 per cent higher than the same period last year and 360-430 per cent above the five-year average. Although the harvest will likely result in some seasonal price declines, staple food prices will likely remain 200-350 per cent above the five-year average through the beginning of the next lean season in April/May 2022, according to FEWS NET. Between October 2021 and February 2022, about six million people are expected to experience acute food insecurity across the country, according to the most recent Integrated Food Security Phase classification report issued in May 2021.

Emergency food assistance needs in October 2021 remain above the five-year average needs level (calculated by averaging needs for 2016-2020), driven by political instability, above-average food prices, reduced household purchasing power, as well as the impact of conflict, tribal clashes, and protracted displacement in parts of Darfur, Kordofan, and Red Sea states. Crisis (IPC Phase 3) outcomes are likely among internally displaced persons (IDPs) in areas under the control of non-state armed groups in South Kordofan, Blue Nile and Jebel Mara;; households recently affected by tribal clashes in North Darfur; urban poor households; and the most vulnerable poor households in parts of North Darfur, North Kordofan, and Red Sea states who are affected by low food stocks and poor purchasing power due to limited access to income and high food and non-food prices.

For more information, please see the FEWS NET Food Security Outlook for Sudan