Humanitarian response to IDPs in El Geneina, West Darfur continues while safety and security concerns remain a high priority
Humanitarian partners continue to assist the estimated 41,700 people (8,381 families) who fled inter-communal violence in early January and are currently sheltering in El Geneina town. In addition, an estimated 14,000 people have reportedly crossed into neighbouring Chad and are taking refuge in villages near the border.
Humanitarian response (updated as of 9 February)
WFP is planning to provide emergency general food distributions (GFD) to an estimated 18,000 people affected by the conflict in villages surrounding El Geneina town, once food supplies arrive from Khartoum. WFP will also provide school meals once schools resume.
WHO is supporting the State Ministry of Health (SMoH) to operate two temporary primary health care units at Altakhteet and Albohera gathering areas. WHO co-leads with the SMoH daily taskforce meetings where health sector partners meet and discuss health related issues. The international NGO World Relief (WR) continues to provide health assistance to people in El Geneina, including referrals to nearby hospitals or health facilities.
The international NGO International Medical Corps (IMC) continues providing health and nutrition services at the four primary health care centers it runs. These clinics have been functioning since early January. IMC provides medical and non-medical supplies to other clinics inside and outside of El Geneina town. IMC is also constructing and rehabilitating clinics. Lack of blankets and other related NFIs have contributed to the high respiratory tract infection cases within the new IDP community.
Sexual reproductive health (SRH)
UNFPA supported 3,640 vulnerable IDPs, mainly women and girls of reproductive age (15 to 49 years), with timely provision of 86 emergency reproductive health kits/supplies. UNFPA also provided lifesaving medicines and will support health clinics in Krinding 2 and Krinding 3—were looted or destroyed—with medical supplies and kits. The SMoH and UNFPA distributed 1,800 of clean delivery kits to SRH clinics in 30 IDPs gathering sites and medicines pregnant and lactating women. Supervisory visits were carried out to temporary clinics that provide SRH services in 20 IDP gathering sites.
Non-food items (NFIs)
The second round of the NFI distributions completed on 6 February, provided NFIs items that were not available in the first round to 1,560 families (about 8,000 people)—out of the 2,050 families targeted—completing their NFI package. In addition, some 490 vulnerable families (about 2,500 people)—who were not covered in the first round—received a full NFI package. Triangle Génération Humanitaire (TGH), Catholic Relief Services (CRS), DRRA, Médecins Sans Frontières – Spain (MSF-E), Save the Children, UNHCR, IOM, and HAC have also mobilized resources and staff to support response especially for long-term shelter solutions once they affected people, currently taking refuge in schools and other government buildings, relocate to more appropriate sites or locations. Sector partners also plan to provide services in affected villages in the vicinity to El Geneina town.
WHO and SMoH are providing nutritional support to children and pregnant and nursing mothers. WFP is providing nutritional services to IDPS in Krinding IDP camp. UNICEF has mobilized nutrition in-patient kits for the stabilization centre in El Geneina to ensure treatment of children with severe acute malnutrition (SAM) and complications. To address maternal and child health needs, UNICEF is supporting the SMoH with ready-to-use therapeutic food (RUTF) and will support with transportation costs to deliver the supplies to where the displaced people are taking refuge. In collaboration with the SMoH, UNICEF has initiated a mid-upper arm circumference (MUAC) screening for children under 5 years. Children with malnutrition are receiving the nutrition assistance they need.
WFP is planning to provide emergency nutrition Supplementary Feeding Programme targeting 5,040 children under 5 years and pregnant and nursing women. Long-lasting insecticide-treated nets (LLITNs) will be distributed to the new IDPs. UNICEF supported the immunization at gathering sites by providing 78 children under 1 year with their first dose of the measles vaccine.
UNHCR protection team continues to monitor all gathering points and support the community-based protection committees on protection monitoring. UNHCR, UNFPA and UNICEF facilitated trainings for social workers and psychologists on protection awareness and information campaigns, including the international legal framework, IDP guiding principles, and national IDP policy.
UNICEF is supporting the youth initiative for support and reunification of children to establish five centres to serve 23 IDP gathering sites. In these centres, awareness sessions and collection of information on missing children will be carried out. UNICEF is also working with the State Council for Child Welfare (SCCW) as well as international and national partners to ensure that the safety and wellbeing of the most vulnerable children in El Geneina—mainly newly displaced children and those who have been separated or are unaccompanied.
Gender-based violence (GBV)
The SMoH women and family affairs unit, in coordination with the IDPs committee, distributed 2,000 dignity kits provided by UNFPA. The distributions were followed by awareness and sensitization sessions on personal hygiene and women protection issues. The selection of beneficiaries was done in consultation with the local committees including women representatives which us in line with UNFPA’s distribution criteria. As part of a joint capacity-building plan with UNICEF and UNHCR, 30 social workers and psychologists from El Geneina attended a two-day workshop on GBV in emergencies, focusing on safe GBV referrals, compassionate support for GBV survivors, and psychosocial support service.
Water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH)
There is an urgent need for sanitation services—especially latrines—in schools and IDP gathering points as current facilities are insufficient to meet the needs of the IDPs. The public water system cannot meet the increasing needs due to the lack of fuel to operate generators needed to operate the water pumps. In response, partners are carrying out water trucking to all gathering points. The increased numbers of IDPs at Gadima gathering area, who have not been properly registered, have negatively impacted the estimation of daily water needs.
There is one school in Krinding camp that has resumed education services for all grades/classes, however, not all students have gone back to school. A back-to-school campaign is being organized to encourage children to return to school. Education materials have been distributed to all grade 8 (and some lower grades) students in Krinding camp. With support from UNICEF, grade 8 examination fees have been paid to the Ministry of Education and textbooks are expected to arrive soon for immediate distribution. The Ministry of Education will continue the distribution of education supplies to lower grade students at the gathering areas. In addition, there are two local charity groups that are distributing education materials to affected children. Education partners will reach out to these organizations to ensure better coordination of distributions.
Some of the challenges facing education partners is ensuring that proper security is in place at return areas so that students can resume their education. There is overcrowding at schools currently functioning in El Geneina town because 12 schools—of which seven are grade 8 examination centres—are hosting the new IDPs. Much advocacy is needed to relocate IDPs from schools to alternative safe locations or construct temporary learning spaces. Currently, there is a need to accommodate about 950 students to ease over-crowdedness in classrooms. Transportation is needed to transport students displaced in El Geneina to their schools in Krinding camp.